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Сільське господарство та лісівництво

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (18)

Published: 2020.11.29
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, адаптивній селекції, особливостей вирощування овочевих культур, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами, інтродукції декоративних рослин.

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VARIABILITY OF BEAN VARIETIES SAMPLE BY YIELD STRUCTURE STRUCTURE AND ADAPTABILITY

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3-17
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Mazur Olena Vasylivna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of  botany, genetics and plant protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).

Annotation

The study of quantitative characteristics controlled by polymer genes is rather complicated due to their significant variability, depends on the environment conditions, and the general picture of their inheritance and variability is masked by the modifying action of heterosis in the first generation. New varieties should have a balanced development of all elements of productivity, resistance to abiotic and biotic factors, and not just the maximum value of the individual characteristic.

Plant growing conditions are important in forming their resistance to various diseases. In nature, pathogens and plants are affected by the weather conditions that are constantly changing. The research objective was to determine the variability level and to identify the patterns of inheritance of valuable commercial-biological traits for the selection of productive and adaptive forms of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). The research was conducted during 2014–2016 in the conditions of the research plot of the Department of Plant Production, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. The region of the research by its natural conditions refers to the central subzone of the Right Bank Forest-Steppe. The hydrothermal conditions of the 2014 and 2016 surveys were typical of the average yearly indices of the research area and the year 2015 was characterized by a significant deficiency of precipitation and high temperature air conditions. The research material were the varieties of common bean provided by the National Center for Plant Genetic Resources of Ukraine and hybrid combinations obtained as a result of intervarietal crossings. Sowing was carried out by the temperature regime of soil 10–12 °С at the depth of seeding and stable increase of average daily air temperature. The placement of the plots was consistent, the varieties were sown in a six-time repetition. The wide-row sowing with a width of rows of 45 cm was used. The total area of the plots was 1.35 m², and the account one is 1.0 m². Sowing was carried out with the seeding rate of 18 similar seeds per 1 linear meter, the standard was placed in 10 numbers. The general adaptability of the common bean varieties for the  research  years  was  determined  by regression coefficient (bi) and the stability variance (Sі2). Assessment of the morphological features variation was carried out by the variationcoefficient (V, %). The ecological variation coefficient (Vе, %) was determined by the ratio of the average sign to its standard deviation. The determination of ultrastability (Nom) and agronomic stability coefficient (As) was made. Conclusions. As a result of the three year research, it was established that the highest resistance to bacteriosis had such varieties as UD0303601, UD0303526, UD0303543 and UD0303557. The varieties UD0303601, UD0303526 were resistant under adverse growing conditions; the highest resistance to bacterial wilding, including under adverse growing conditions, was provided by the varieties UD0300414, UD0301063 and UD0303543; according to the resistance to variegation the following varieties were selected: UD0303543, UD0303557, and UD0303610 (they were better under all growing conditions).

 

Keywords: bean varieties, elements of crop structure coefficient of variation, variability.

List of references

1.Xoroshun I. V. (2010). Dobir ta stvorennya vyxidnogo materialu dlya selekciyi kushhovyx sortiv kvasoli [Selection and creation of source material for selection of bush varieties of beans]: avtoref. dy`s. na zdobuttya nauk. stup. kand. s.-g nauk: za specz. 06.01.05 – Selekciya rosly`n.  Dnipropetrovsk [in Ukrainian].  

2.Sajko O. Yu. (2012). Dzherela dlya selekciyi kvasoli ovochevoyi, prydatni do mexanizovanogo zbyrannya [Sources for selection of vegetable beans, suitable for mechanized harvesting].  Ovochivnycztvo i bashtannycztvo − Vegetable and melon growing.  Vols. 58.  269–273. [in Ukrainian].

3.Lytun P. P., Shevchenko M. V., Subota G. M. (1982). Plastychnost genotypov v эkologycheskyx opыtax prostoj strukturы [Plasticity of genotypes in ecological experiments simple structure]. Selekcyya y semenovodstvo : mezhved. temat. nauch. – Breeding and seed production : mezwed. theme. scientific. collection sb. Kyev : Urozhaj  Issue. 50. 11-15. [in Ukrainian].

4.Vavylov N. Y. (1965). Problema y sxodnogo materyala : y zbrannыe trudы v 5-ty t. [The problem is the source material]: Moskva –Lenyngrad, 1965. Vols. 5. [in Russian].

5.Petrenkova V.P., Sokol T.V., Luchna I.S. (2013). Teoretychni osnovy selekciyi zernobobovyx kultur na stijkist do shkidlyvyx organizmiv [Theoretical foundations of breeding legumes for resistance to pests].  NAAN, In-t roslynnycztva im. V.Ya. Yuryeva. Xarkiv : Kolegium,  [in Ukrainian].

6.Monarx V.V., Gorodyska I.M., Lishhuk A.M., Chub A.O. (2018). Osoblyvosti organichnogo nasinnycztva soyi v konteksti yevrointegraciyi Ukrayiny [Features of the organic seed production of soybean in the context of European integration of Ukraine]. Zbirnyk naukovyx pracz. Silske gospodarstvo ta lisivnycztvo – Collection of scientific works. Agriculture and forestry. № 9.  89-101 [in Ukrainian].

7.Kobyzyeva L.N. (2016). Metodychni rekomendaciyi z vyvchennya genetychnyx resursiv zernobobovyx kultur [Methodical recommendations for studying genetic resources of leguminous plants]. NAAN, Instytut roslynnycztva im. V.Ya. Yuryeva. Xarkiv : Stil-Izdat. [in Ukrainian].

8.Guzhov Yu. A. (1987). Modyfykacyonnaya yzmenchyvost kolychestvennыx pryznakov u samoopыlёnnыx lynyj y  gybrydov kukuruzы [Modification variability of quantitative traits in self-pollinated maize lines and hybrids]. Moskva: Reports of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences.7.  3-5. [in Russian].

9.Udovenko V. G. (1988). Obshhye trebovanyya k metodykam y pryncypam dyagnostyky ustojchyvosty rastenyj k stressam [General requirements for methods and principles of plant stress resistance diagnostics]. Dyagnostyka ustojchyvosty rastenyj k stressovыm vozdejstvyyyam. [in Russian].

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).