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Сільське господарство та лісівництво

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1 (16)

Published: 2020.05.28
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-1


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, адаптивній селекції, інтродукції малопоширених декоративних видів, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, зокрема, впливу хімізації на забруднення грунту та зернової продукції пестицидами, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами.

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THE INFLUENCE OF ELEMENTS OF NUTRITION TECHNOLOGY ON YIELD INDICATORS

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-1-17
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Mordvaniuk Myroslava Alekseevna – Associate Professor of the Department of Plant Production, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).

Annotation

Based on the analysis of literary sources, the beneficial properties of chickpeas, as a valuable niche crop, were studied. The key directions of increasing the chickpea productivity level are considered. The advantages are given and justified and the main disadvantages and problems of growing this crop in Ukraine are indicated. It has been established that over the past 2-3 years, chickpeas have become increasingly popular, and can move from a list of niche crops to mass ones. This is due to climate change and the long droughts observed during these years. Turkish pea is the most drought tolerant crop among legumes. It has a very powerful root system, allowing you to economically use moisture. This explains its distribution in hot and arid regions. On the basis of own researches the results of studying the influence of foliar fertilizing and pre-sowing treatment of seeds on the formation of grain yield of chickpea as well as indicators of net profit and level of profitability. Significant effects of the studied technology elements on the main indicators of economic efficiency; it is determined that the change in the level of productivity, led to change of indicators of economic efficiency.

It is established that at cultivation of chickpea, the most suitable conditions for the growth and development of plants and yield formation of seeds are formed by the application of presowing treatment of seeds and foliar fertilizing at the phase of glovanni and in the budding phase, the yield in this variant, averaged over the 2016-2018 – 2,92 t/ha. Growth to control for this variation were, respectively, – 0,96 t/ha (32,8%).

The lowest net income and the level of profitability was in the control variant and amounted to 9000 UAH and 87 %. The highest net income and the profitability obtained during the pre-sowing treatment of seed inoculum Biomag Chickpeas and twofold foliar feeding of micronutrients Crop Legumes and built 17850 UAH/ha and 157 %, or 70% more, respectively, to the control.

The structure of costs for 1 ha shows that the greatest costs were for the following categories of expenses: seed – 34.9 per cent., protection – 21.5 per cent and fuel and lubricants amounted to 15.3 %. A significant proportion of the costs necessary for other costs which include all depreciation and cost of maintenance and repairs of non-current assets General-purpose and so on.

In the process of presowing treatment of seeds of chickpea, and foliar nutrition are promising for increasing the level of grain yield of chickpea that affects the economic efficiency of growing of culture.

Keywords: chickpeas, crop cultivation technology, biological potential, pre-sowing seed treatment, productivity, increase.

List of references

1.Basanets O. (2018). Nut: tretii za ploshchamy, ale ne za znachenniam. [Chickpeas: third in area, but not in value]. SuperAgronom. URL: https://superagronom.com/articles/132-nut-tretiy-za-ploschami-ale-ne-za-znachen nyam. [in Ukrainian].

2.Bushulian O. V., SichkarV. I. (2009). Nut: henetyka, selektsiia, nasinnytstvo, tekhnolohiia vyroshchuvannia [Chickpeas: genetics, breeding, seed production, cultivation technology]. [in Ukrainian].

3.Bushulian O. Koly i yak siiaty NUT – aktualne pytannia [When and how to sow NUT is a pressing question]. SHI – NTS NS. [in Ukrainian].

4.Vyroshchuvannia nutu staie prybutkovoiu spravoiu. [Growing chickpeas becomes a profitable business] URL: https://agroreview.com/news/ vyroshchuvannya- nutu-staye-prybutkovoyu-spravoyu [in Ukrainian].

5.Vse bude nut: 5 idealnykh ZZR dlia spetsializovanoi kultury (2018). [Everything will be chickpeas: 5 perfect CPRs for specialized culture]. ALFA Smart Agro. Rozumna ahronomiia. [in Ukrainian].

6.Hyrka A.D., Bochevar O. V., Sydorenko Yu.Ia., Ilienko O.V. (2013). Vrozhainist zerna nutu zalezhno vid ahrotekhnichnykh zakhodiv vyroshchuvannia v umovakh pivnichnoho Stepu Ukrainy [Yield of chickpea grain depending on agrotechnical measures of cultivation in the conditions of northern Steppe of Ukraine]. Biuleten Instytutu silskoho hospodarstva stepovoi zony NAAN Ukrainy – Bulletin of the Institute of Agriculture of the steppe zone of NAAS of Ukraine .№4. 53-57. [in Ukrainian].

7.Didur I.M., Mordvaniuk M.O. (2019). Vplyv pozakorenevykh pidzhyvlen ta inokuliatsii nasinnia na symbiotychnu ta zernovu produktyvnist nutu. [Effect of foliar fertilization and seed inoculation on symbiotic and grain productivity of chickpeas]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo – Collection of scientific works of VNAU. Agriculture and forestry. №14. 13-22. [in Ukrainian].

8.Dolhov R. Y. (2007). Vlyianye sposobov osnovnoi obrabotky pochvы y herbytsydov na ahrofytotsenoz y urozhainost nuta v uslovyiakh zonы neustoichyvoho uvlazhnenyia [The influence of the methods of primary tillage and herbicides on agrophytocenosis and chickpea productivity under conditions of unstable moistening].: Avtoref. dys. kand. s.-kh. nauk – Stavropol. [in Ukrainian]

9.Znaiomtes - nut abo turetskyi horokh (2014). [Know - chick pea turkish peas]. Marketynh. Zerno.org.ua. URL: http://www.zerno.org.ua /articles/marketing/409. [in Ukrainian]

10.Kalenska S. M., Netupska I. T., Novytska N. V. (2012). Vplyv udobrennia, peredposivnoi inokuliatsii ta riznykh norm vysivu na produktyvnist nutu. [Effect of fertilization, pre-sowing inoculation and different seed rates on nut productivity]. Natsionalnyi universytet bioresursiv i pryrodokorystuvannia Ukrainy – National University of Bioresources and Natural Resources of Ukraine. 3. 33-39 [in Ukrainian].

11.Kutniakh M.S. (2015). Tekhnolohiia vyroshchuvannia nutu [Technology for growing chickpeas]. Mykolaivskyi natsionalnyi ahrarnyi universytet. [in Ukrainian].

12.Markov I. (2019). Yak otrymaty vysokyi urozhai nutu. [How To Get A High Chickpea Harvest]. Ahrobiznes sohodni – Agribusiness today. №5. 25-33. [in Ukrainian].

13.Novytska N. V., Barzo I.T. (2013). Optymizatsiia nitrohenaznoi aktyvnosti bulbochok nutu na chornozemakh typovykh Lisostepu Ukrainy [Optimization of Nitrogenase Activity of Chickpeas on Black Soils of Typical Forest Steppe of Ukraine]. VISNYK Poltavskoi derzhavnoi ahrarnoi akademii – Bulletin of Poltava State Agrarian Academy. [in Ukrainian].

14.Sichkar V.I., Ptashnyk O.P., Bushulian O.V. (2014). Urozhainist nutu v zalezhnosti vid sortu ta tekhnolohii vyroshchuvannia. Sichkar [Chickpea yield depending on the variety and cultivation technology]. URL:https: //agrarnik. com/index.php?option= com_k2&view=item&id =2748:urozhajnist-nutu-v-zalezhnosti-vid-sortu-ta-tekhnologiji-viroshchuvannya& Itemid=434 [in Ukrainian].

15.10 etapiv vyroshchuvannia nutu v Ukraini dlia podviinoho urozhaiu [10 stages of growing chickpeas in Ukraine for double harvest]. URL: https://nmglobaltrade.com/news/agrotehnika-vrasxivaniya/10-etapov-vrasxivaniya-nuta-v-ukraine. [in Ukrainian].

16.Agroecological methods of improving the productivity of niche leguminous crop. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. 2019. №9 (1). 169–175. ISSN: 2520-2138. Web of Science (Emerging Sources Citation Index).

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).