logo

Сільське господарство та лісівництво

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (18)

Published: 2020.11.29
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, адаптивній селекції, особливостей вирощування овочевих культур, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами, інтродукції декоративних рослин.

Read about journal

PECULIARITIES OF FEED PREPARATION FOR YOUNG CHINCHILLAS OF DIFFERENT AGES

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3-6
PDF Повернутись

Kucheryavyi Vitalii − Doctor of Agricultural Science, Professor, Head of Department of technology of production of livestock products, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3; e-mail: kucheriavy@i.ua).

Kazmiruk Larysa − Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Veterinary, Hygiene and animal Breeding, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str., 3; e-mail: kazmiruk@vsau.vin.ua).

Kucheriava Maryna − postgraduate of the Department of Veterinary, Hygiene and animal Breeding, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str., 3; e-mail: marina.ku@i.ua).

 

Annotation

The complete feeding provides animals with essential nutrients and promotes their high productivity under the economical feed consumption. The animal ration depends on the species, age, live weight, season and physiological condition.  The research was carried out on young chinchillas of grey standard during the period of winter fur formation. Three experimental groups, by 4 animals in each one, were formed from young chinchillas. The determination of chinchillas’ clinical and laboratory indicators was performed on the 1st and 21st day of the experiment. Young chinchillas of the control group received feed according to the basic diet. Young chinchillas of the second group received the feed of the basic diet and the symbiotic drug MikoLad at a dose of 1 g/animal, once a day for 21 days. Young chinchillas of the third group received the feed of the basic diet and the drug at a dose of 3 g/animal per day. The content of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, iron, zinc, copper, cobalt, manganese, selenium and Sulfur in the fur of young chinchillas was determined by atomic emission spectrometry with induced coupled plasma using a spectrophotometer. It has been proved that the drug MikoLad at a dose of 1 g/animal per day during pregnancy and lactation, caused in the fur a higher content of calcium by 1.75 times, phosphorus by 2.90 times, magnesium by 1.70 times, sodium by 1.37 times, potassium by 1.66 times, ferrum by 3.00 times, zinc by 2.38 times, copper by 1.69 times, cobalt by 2.00 times and molybdenum by 1.64 times, compared with young chinchillas obtained from the mothers of the control group. The drug at a dose of 3 g/animal per day caused in the fur a higher content of calcium by 1.75 times, phosphorus by 2.09 times, potassium by 1.52 times, zinc by 1.27 times and copper by 1.15 times. On the 21st day of the experiment it was found that the fur of young chinchillas, having received the drug at a dose of 1 g/animal per day, had a higher content of calcium by 1.25 times, phosphorus by 2.08 times, sodium by 1.51 times, potassium by 1.21 times, iron by 1.56 times, zinc by 1.38 times, copper by 1.45 times, cobalt by 1.22 times and molybdenum by 1.67 times, compared with the fur of young chinchillas of the control group. On the 21st day of the experiment it was found that the fur of young chinchillas, having received the drug at a dose of 3 g/animal per day, had ahigher content of calcium by 1.63 times, phosphorus by 3.62 times, sodium by 2.13 times, potassium by 1.42 times, iron by 1.78 times, zinc by 1.53 times, copper by 1.67 times, cobalt by 1.33 times and molybdenum by 2.00 times, compared with the fur of young chinchillas of the control group.

 

Keywords: chinchillas, bacterial preparation, young chinchillas, productivity, feed, content.

List of references

1.Balakyrev N.A. (2011). Osnovу norkovodstva: monohrafiia [Fundamentals of mink breeding: monograph]. Moskva. Vуsshaia Shkola [in Russian].

2.Berestov V.A. (2014). Biokhimiia i morfolohiia krovi khutrovykh zviriv [Biochemistry and morphology of fur animals’ blood]. Petrozavodsk. Kareliia [in Ukrainian].

3.Berestov V.A. (2007). Dovidnyk po zvirivnytstvu v pytanniakh i obiektakh [Reference book on fur animals breeding in questions and objects]. Petrozavodsk. Kareliia [in Ukrainian]. 

4.Berestov V.A. (2012). Zvirivnytstvo: navchalnyi posibnyk [Fur animals breeding: a textbook]. Sankt-Peterburh. Vydavnytstvo Lan [in Ukrainian].

5.Berestov V.A., Tiurnyna N.V., Tiutiunnyk N.N. (2015). Myneralnyi sostav volosianoho pokrova shynshyl y pestsov. Sravnytelnaia kharakterystyka [Mineral composition of chinchillas’ and foxes’ hair. Comparative characteristics]. Petrozavodsk. Karelyia [in Russian].

6.Berestov V.A. (2015). Naukovi osnovy zvirivnytstva [Scientific basics of fur animals breeding]. Lenynhrad. Nauka [in Ukrainian].

7.Berestov V.A., Kozhevnykova L.K. (2011). Fermenty krovy pushnykh zverei: monohrafyia [Blood enzymes of fur-bearing animals: monograph]. Lenynhrad. Nauka. Lenynhradskoe otdelenye [in Russian].

8.Berestov V.A. (2017). Khochu buty zvirivnykom [I want to be a fur animals’ breeder]. Petrozavodsk. Kareliia [in Ukrainian].

9.Hazizov V.Z., Zhdanov S.L., Doiarintsev Ye.L. (2018). Fiziolohiia, biokhimiia ta imunolohiia ssavtsiv (khutrovykh zviriv) [Physiology, biochemistry and immunology of mammals (fur animals)]. Kirov [in Ukrainian].

10.Divieieva H.M., Lucherova E.V., Yudin V.A. (2018). Navchalna knyha zvirivnykiv [Texbook of fur animals’ breeders]. Moskva. Ahropromyzdat [in Ukrainian].

11.Texnologiyi v galuzyax tvary`nny`cztva [Technologies in the livestock industry]. URL:/C:/Users/Master /Downloads/%D0%BB-21.pdf [in Ukrainian].

 

All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).