logo

Сільське господарство та лісівництво

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1 (16)

Published: 2020.05.28
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-1


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, адаптивній селекції, інтродукції малопоширених декоративних видів, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, зокрема, впливу хімізації на забруднення грунту та зернової продукції пестицидами, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами.

Read about journal

IDENTIFICATION OF GRAIN PLANTS BY SELECTION INDICES

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-1-9
PDF Повернутись

Mazur Olena – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Plant Growing, Breeding and Bioenergetic Cultures, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna St. 3).

Annotation

The highest selection index obtained from the genotypes of soybeans: UD0202557 – 0,21, UD0202566 – 0,21, UD0202468 – 0,21, UD0202529 – 0,21. It should be noted that these cultivars are different types in the parameters of ecological plasticity and stability. For varancau stability, all cultivars that were studied are stable, varansi stability maximum was close to zero. According to the results of variance analysis it was found that the formation of a selection index (weight of seeds/number of beans per plant) were more influenced by the year conditions, however, have a significant influence of varietal characteristics and interaction of varieties with haratine conditions years of research.

The highest breeding index (seed weight per plant and number of seeds per plant) have provided varieties of soybean: UD0200773 – 0,14, UD0202201 – 0,14, UD0202566 – 0,14, UD0202468 – 0,14. Most of these genotypes belong to the highly plastic – UD0202201, UD0202566, UD0202468. Cultivars that have provided high breeding index (seed weight per plant and number of seeds per plant) was also characterized by high levels of agronomic stability of 99.9%. In addition, these cultivars had high homeostaticity and 1.4. At formation of indicators of the selection index (weight of seeds/number of seeds per plant) is more influenced by varietal characteristics, this is indicated by the results of mathematical processing of two-factor analysis of variance.The highest selection index weight of seeds/number of nodes on the plant were characterized by varieties of soybean : UD0202468 AT 0.43, UD0202557 AT 0.42, UD0202566 AT 0.42, UD0200773 – 0,41, UD0202201 – 0,41. These cultivars of soybean in response to the improvement of hydrothermal regime is treated as a highly plastic: UD0202201, UD0202557, as well as conservative.

The highest rates of this selection index (number of seeds/number of productive nodes) obtained from the genotypes of soybeans: UD0202557 WAS 3.18, UD0202566 – 3,14, UD0202468 – 3.21 m. These cultivars for reaction to improve the hydrothermal regime relate to highly plastic (b1>1). The formation of this selection index is significantly influenced by the conditions of the year.

Keywords: cultivars of soybean, the parameters of adaptability and coefficient of plasticity, agronomic stability, varansi stability.

List of references

1.Ivaniuk S. V., Temchenko I. V. (2011). Matematyko-statystychni metody otsinky vykhidnoho materialu soi za elementamy produktyvnosti [Mathematical and statistical methods of estimation of soybean source material by performance elements]. Kormy i kormovyrobnytstvo – Feed and feed production. Mizhvidomchyi tematychnyi naukovyi zbirnyk. Vinnytsia, Issue 69. 45–53. [in Ukrainian].

2.Monarx V.V., Gorodyska I.M., Lishhuk A.M., Chub A.O. (2018). Osoblyvosti organichnogo nasinnycztva soyi v konteksti yevrointegraciyi Ukrayiny [Features of the organic seed production of soybean in the context of European integration of Ukraine]. Zbirnyk naukovyx pracz. Silske gospodarstvo ta lisivnycztvo – Collection of scientific works. Agriculture and forestry. № 9. 89-101 [in Ukrainian].

3.Juchenko A. A. (1988). Adaptivnyiy potentsial kulturnyih rasteniy [Adaptive potential of cultivated plants]. Ekologo-geneticheskie osnovyi – Ecological and genetic basis. Kishinev : SHtinitsa. [in Russian].

4.Aristarhova M. L. (1976). Korrelyatsionnaya izmenchivost priznakov soi [Correlation variability of soybean traits]. Tr. Leningr. Obschestvo estestvoispyitat. L., Vol. 73. 5. 22 – 32. [in Russian].

5.Alpatev V. N. (1988). Ispolzovanie kosvennoy otsenki ishodnogo materiala dlya selektsii soi na produktivnost [Using an indirect assessment of the source material for the selection of soybean for productivity]. Avtoref. dis. ... kand. s-h. nauk. L. [in Russian].

6.Ivaniuk S. V., Hliavin A. V. (2012). Otsinka sortozrazkiv kvasoli zvychainoi na osnovi koreliatsii kilkisnykh oznak ta indeksiv [Estimation of common bean varieties based on correlation of quantitative traits and indices]. Selektsiia i nasinnytstvo – Breeding and seed production. Issue. 101. 192–197. [in Ukrainian].

7.Kobyzyeva L.N. (2016). Metodychni rekomendaciyi z vyvchennya genetychnyx resursiv zernobobovyx kultur [Methodical recommendations for studying genetic resources of leguminous plants]. NAAN, Instytut roslynnycztva im. V.Ya. Yuryeva. Kharkiv: Stil-Izdat. [in Ukrainian].

8.Eberhart S. A., Russel W. A. (1966). Stability parameters for comparing varieties. Crop Sci. Vol. 1, 34-40. [in English].

9.Xangyldyn V. V., Lytvynenko N. A. (1981). Gomeostatychnost y adaptyvnost sortov ozymoj pshenyczy [Homeostasis and adaptability of winter wheat varieties]. scientific and technical. bullet VSGI]. Nauchn.-texn. byul. VSGY. – Scientific and technical. bullet VSGI. Issue 39. 8-14. [in Russian].

All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).