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Сільське господарство та лісівництво

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (18)

Published: 2020.11.29
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3


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Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, адаптивній селекції, особливостей вирощування овочевих культур, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами, інтродукції декоративних рослин.

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EFFICIENCY OF THE USE OF THE PREPARATION ROSTMOMENT ON SUNFLOWER CROPS IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE FOREST-STEPPE OF THE RIGHT-BANK

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3-2
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Polishchuk Ivan – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Plant Production, Breeding and Bioenergy Crops of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).

Polishchuk Mykhailo – Сandidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor, the chief of Agriculture, Soil Science and Agrochemistry chair of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsya, 3, Soniachna Str. 3., e-mail: polishchuk.mikhaylo@ukr.net).

 

Annotation

The results of the use of a yeast preparation on sunflower crops for 2016-2017 have been presented. A positive effect of the researched preparation on the growth and development of sunflower crops of the Neoma hybrid has been established. The preparation Rostmoment increased the height of sunflower plants with a single treatment by 6 cm, and with a two-time treatment of crops by 11 cm, the diameter of the baskets increased by 2.0 cm and 6.3 cm, respectively, against untreated crops. The mass of thousand achenes has been increased by 0.7 g with a single treatment and 2.2 g with a double treatment. The oil content during one-time processing in the basket formation phase was 50.7%, when used twice in the phase of flowering, 51.9%, while in the control its content was 49.2%. Weather conditions in the years of the study significantly affected the productivity of the sunflower of Neom hybrid, especially in terms of moisture supply, and the best conditions for the study of the crop were in 2016, where 209 mm fell during the growing season. precipitation with a uniform distribution. The temperature regime of air on average over the period of sunflower vegetation was 16.5 ºС. The weather conditions of 2017 significantly differed in the amount of precipitation, their distribution and temperature regime, versus 2016. Thus, in 2017, 374 mm of rain fell in the form of prolonged and heavy rainfall, which were unevenly distributed over the decades and months. Such weather conditions caused alternation of excessive moisture and drought during certain periods of growth and development of sunflower plants of the Neoma hybrid, while the average air temperature was 16.2° C. Under such extreme conditions of vegetation periods in the years of research, on average for two years, the yield of sunflower seeds on an untreated experiment was 3.32 t / ha and oil yield 1.64 t / ha. The 2016 yield was slightly higher, 3.43 t / ha and an oil yield of 1.43 t / ha. The use of Rostmoment during a one-time treatment in the basket formation phase led to an increase in yield over two years, which amounted to 3.63 t / ha, and in 2016 - 3.82 t / ha. The use of the studied drug even in the phase of the beginning of flowering contributed to an increase in the yield of seeds in two years to 3.89 t / ha, and in a more favourable 2016 - 4.02 t / ha. The average oil yield per hectare over two years for a one-time treatment of plants was 1.87 t / ha, and for a two-time treatment it was 2.02 t / ha, whereas in 2016 these figures were respectively 1.96 and 2.11 t / ha.

The research having been conducted for two years indicated the positive effect of the yeast preparation Rostmoment on sunflower crops, which positively influenced the growth and development of the crops and increased the productivity of the Neoma hybrid in the conditions of the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe. The obtained results are of practical value   and    can   be    used   by producers in the development and application   of   technologies   for   the   cultivation   of  sunflower for increasing the productivity of crops and the ecological state of the agroecosystem. The preparation Rostmoment must be introduced into vegetation plants in the basket formation phase and in the phase of the beginning of the sunflowers’ blossoming, normally 4 kg per 300 l of water per 1 ha of sowing.

 

Keywords: sunflower, hybrid, Rostmoment, plant height, basket diameter, oil content, yield, weight of 1000 seeds, oil yield.

List of references

1.Poliakov O.I., Rozhkova V.U., Nikitenko O.V. (2013). Ahropryiomy vyroshchuvannia vysokooleinovoho soniashnyku [Agricultural methods of growing high-oleic sunflower]. Propozytsiia − Offer. №11. 33-35. [In Ukraine].

2.Sokolova M.H., Vyilenia A.B., Akymova H.P. (2011). Fytohormonы syntezyruiushchye ryzobakteryy y ykh deistvye na rost y hormonalnыi balans rastenyi [Phytohormones synthesizing rhizobacteria and their effect on plant growth and hormonal balance.  Proceedings of the scientific conference].  Materyalы nauchnoi konferentsyy. Kharkiv. [In Ukraine].

3.Polishchuk I.S., Polishchuk M.I., Azurkin V.O. (2012). Hospodarsko-ekolohichne otsiniuvannia hibrydiv soniashnyku v umovakh pravoberezhnoho Lisostepu Ukrainy [Economic and ecological assessment of sunflower hybrids in the conditions of the right-bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats VNAU.  Seriia:  Silskohospodarski  nauky  −  Collection of scientific works of VNAU. Series: Agricultural sciences. Issue.6 (68). 44-52. [In Ukraine].

4. Tkalenko H. (2015). Spetsvypusk zhurnalu Propozytsiia. Suchasni ahrotekhnolohii iz zastosuvannia biopreparativ ta rehuliatoriv rostu. [Special issue of the magazine Proposal.  Modern agrotechnologies for the use of biological products and growth regulators]. 1. 2-15. [In Ukraine].

5.Zhemchuzhyn V.Iu. (2013). Pidvyshchennia produktyvnosti soniashnyku pry zastosuvanni biopreparativ ta mikrodobryv v umovakh pivnichno-skhidnoho Lisostepu Ukrainy [Increasing the productivity of sunflower with the use of biological products and microfertilizers in the north-eastern forest-steppe of Ukraine.  Abstract of the dissertation of the candidate of agricultural sciences  Science]. Avtoreferat dysertatsii kandydata s.-h. nauk. Sumy. [In Ukraine].

6.Nitsenko M.P. (2015). Efektyvnist vykorystannia biolohichnykh preparativ ta zvuzhennia mizhriad pry vyroshchuvanni soniashnyku v pivdennomu Stepu Ukrainy [Efficiency of biological preparations use and row spacing in sunflower cultivation in the southern steppe of Ukraine]. Avtoreferat dysertatsii kandydata s.-h. nauk. Dnipropetrovsk. [In Ukraine].

7.Hamaiunova V.V. Kudrina V.S. (2018). Vodospozhyvannia soniashnyku zalezhno vid zastosuvannia biopreparativ za vyroshchuvannia v umovakh Pivdennoho Stepu Ukrainy [Water consumption of sunflower depending on the use of biological products for cultivation in the Southern Steppe of Ukraine]. Novi Horyzonty «SCIENTIFIC HORIZONTS» Mykolaivskyi NAU − New Horizons "SCIENTIFIC HORIZONTS" Mykolayiv NAU. №7-8 (70). [In Ukraine].

8.Rekomendatsyy. (2015). Prymenenye rehuliatora rosta «Rostmoment» pry vozdelыvanyy selskokhoziaistvennыkh kultur [Application of growth regulator "Rostmoment" in the cultivation of crops]. Skoryny V.V. nauch. Horkyi. BHSKhY. [In Ukraine].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).