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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (22)

Published: 2021.10.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-3


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено удосконаленню технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу зернобобових культур на підвищення родючості грунту, селекції бобових, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами та інтродукції декоративних рослин.

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EFFICIENCY OF PROTECTION OF WINTER RAPE SEEDS FROM PERMANENT ORGANISMS

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-3-10
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Pinchuk Natalya Vladimirovna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of botany, genetics and plant protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: pnv@vsau.vin.ua)

Verheles Pavel Nikolaevich – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of botany, genetics and plant protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: pasha425@vsau.vin.ua)

Kovalenko Tatyana Methodivna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of botany, genetics and plant protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: ktm@vsau.vin.ua)

 

Annotation

This article presents the results of studying the development and formation peculiarities of the number of dominant phytophages of winter oilseed rape: cruciferous fleas (Phyllotreta undulata), rape pollinator (Athalia rosae L.), rapeseed flower beetle (Meligethes aeneus F.), seed larvae (Ceuthorrhynchus assimilis Payk.), cabbage capsicum mosquito (Dasyneura brassicae Winn.), cabbage aphid (Brevicoryne brassicae L.). Theoretical generalization of the prevalence of pests in the research area and the impact on the formation of winter rape yields. The influence of modern insecticides on the control of the number of dangerous pests of winter rape and on the yield, biometric parameters of rape plants has been studied. The best results in controlling the number of dominant phytophages in the enterprise showed the drug Nuredin ™ Super KE (chlorpyrifos 400 g / l + bifenthrin 20 g / l) at a rate of 0,75 l / ha. On the basis of the obtained data it is recommended to use the drug Plenum 50 VG (pimetrosine 500 g / kg) at a rate of 0,25 l / ha, as its use provides rapeseed yield at 24,3 c / ha and gives a good economic effect, due to higher yields, the profitability of growing crops is 62,8%, which is 26,3% more than the control option for improving the control over a number of pests. Having researched the phytosanitary condition of winter rapeseed crops, it has been found that the most common diseases of rapeseed were alternaria, phomosis, gray and white rot, and cylindrosporiosis.The results of treatment of winter rape plants with new fungicides to protect against the main common pathogens: alternaria (Alternaria brassicicola Wilts), phomosis (Phoma lingam Desm.), cylindrosporiosis (Cylindrosporium concentrium Grev) are presented. Conclusions are made on the effectiveness of the new generation of fungicides in limiting the spread of diseases. To control the spread of diseases in the agrophytocenosis of rapeseed, it is advisable to use the drug Architect SE (pyraclostrobin 100 g / l + calcium prohexadione 25 g / l + mepiquat chloride 150 g / l) at a rate of 2.0 l / ha, which significantly reduced the damage of winter rapeseed major diseases and had a therapeutic effect, while providing yield at the level of 26,1 c/ha and profitability within 63,1%, which is 26,6% higher than the control option. Therefore, the use of an integrated pest management system can significantly increase the efficiency of cultivation technology and minimize crop losses.

Keywords: winter rape, phytophagous, pathogens, phytosanitary condition, harmfulness, yield, population control.

List of references

1.Butkaliuk T.O, Verheles P.M., Pinchuk N.V., Kovalenko T.M. (2018).Alternarioz yaroho ripaku ta otsinka osoblyvostei yoho rozvytku i shkodochynnosti v umovakh doslidnoho polia VNAU [Alternaria of spring rape and assessment of the peculiarities of its development and harmfulness in the experimental field of VNAU]. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo – Agriculture and forestry. № 9. 112-122 [in Ukrainian].

2.Mazur V.A., Matsera O.O. (2019). Analiz zminy yakisnykh pokaznykivnasinnia ozymoho ripaku zalezhno vid strokiv posivu ta systemy udobrennia [Analysis of changes in the quality of winter rapeseed depending on the timing of sowing and fertilization system]. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo – Agriculture and forestry. № 12. 5–17 [in Ukrainian].

3.Mazur V.A., Matsera O.O. (2018). Analiz strukturnykh elementivurozhainosti roslyn ozymoho ripaku zalezhno vid vplyvu udobrennia ta stroku posivu [Analysis of structural elements of winter rape plant yield depending on the effect of fertilizer and sowing date]. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo – Agriculture and forestry. № 9. 41–50 [in Ukrainian].

4.Voloshchuk O.P., Voloshchuk I.S. (2018). Tekhnolohiia vyroshchuvanniaripaku ozymoho v umovakh Lisostepu Zakhidnoho [Technology growing winter rapeseed in the Western Forest-Steppe]. Metodychni rekomendatsii – Guidelines. [in Ukrainian].

5.Voloshchuk O.P., Sluchak O.M., Rasputenko A.O. (2018). Produktyvnistripaku ozymoho zalezhno vid strokiv, sposobiv sivby ta norm vysivu nasinnia  [Productivity of winter rape depending on terms, methods of sowing and norms of sowing of seeds]. Peredhirne ta hirske zemlerobstvo i tvarynnytstvo : mizhvid. temat. nauk. zb. – Foothill and mountain agriculture and animal husbandry. Lviv-Obroshino. № 64. 44–55 [in Ukrainian].

6.Pinchuk N.V., Vergeles P.M., Kovalenko T.M., Rudskaya N.O. (2019).Kontrol chyselnosti osnovnykh shkidnykiv u posivakh horokhu [Control of the number of major pests in pea crops]. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo – Agriculture and forestry. № 15. 137–150 [in Ukrainian].

7.Mazur V.A., Matsera O.O. (2019). Analiz zminy yakisnykh pokaznykivnasinnia ozymoho ripaku zalezhno vid strokiv posivu ta systemy udobrennia [Analysis of changes in quality indicators of winter rapeseed depending on sowing dates and fertilizer system]. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo – Agriculture and forestry. № 12. 5-17 [in Ukrainian].

8.Mazur V.A., Matsera O.O. (2018). Analiz strukturnykh elementivurozhainosti roslyn ozymoho ripaku zalezhno vid vplyvu udobrennia ta stroku posivu [Analysis of structural elements of winter rape plant yield depending on the influence of fertilizer and sowing date]. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo – Agriculture and forestry. № 9. 41-50 [in Ukrainian].

9.Mazur V.A., Polishchuk I.S., Telekalo N.V., Mordvanyuk M.O. (2020).Roslynnytstvo. Ch 1. [Crop production. P. 1]. Vinnytsia: Druk Publishing «House». [in Ukrainian].

10.Matsera O. (2020). Vplyv elementiv tekhnolohii vyroshchuvannia narozvytok roslyn, vrozhainist ta yakist nasinnia ozymoho ripaku [Influence of elements of cultivation technology on plant development, yield and quality of winter rape seeds]. Danish Scientific Journal. № 36 (Vol. 2). 7-15 [in Denmark].

11.Matsera O. (2020). Porivnialna otsinka yakisnykh vlastyvostei ozymohoripaku zalezhno vid rivnia dobryv ta stroku sivby [Comparative evaluation of quality properties of winter rapeseed depending on the level of fertilizers and sowing date] Zbirnyk naukovykh prats VNAU: Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo – Agriculture and forestry. № 16. 108-118 [in Ukrainian].

12.Perelik pestytsydiv i ahrokhimikativ, dozvolenykh do vykorystannia vUkraini (2018). [List of pesticides and agrochemicals approved for use in Ukraine]. K .: UNIVEST MEDIA. [in Ukrainian].

13.Pinchuk N.V., Vergeles P.M., Kovalenko T.M., Okrushko S.E. (2019).Zahalna fitopatolohiia [General phytopathology]. Vinnytsia: VNAU. [in Ukrainian].

14.Telefus V.A., Frankov S.V., Zadorozhny V.S. (2020). Prohnozfitosanitarnoho stanu ahrotsenoziv ta rekomendatsii shchodo zakhystu silskohospodarskykh kultur vid shkidnykiv, khvorob ta burianiv u hospodarstvakh Vinnytskoi oblasti v 2020 r. [Forecast of phytosanitary condition of agrocenoses and recommendations for protection of crops from pests, diseases and weeds in farms of Vinnytsia region in 2020]. Vinnytsia: Holovne upravlinnia Derzhprodspozhyvsluzhby u Vinnytskii oblasti – Main Department of the State Food and Consumer Service in Vinnytsia region. [in Ukrainian].

15.Rudskaya N.O., Pinchuk N.V., Vatamanyuk O.V. (2020) Lisovaentomolohiia [Forest entomology]. Vinnytsia: WORKS. [in Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019, 2020 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018, 2019, 2020 Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

The ICV for 2020 is visible on the full list of indexed journals at ICI Journals Master List 2020 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in Journal`s Passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=65401&lang=pl

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.