CONTROL OF WEEDS IN AGROCENOSIS OF NUTU
Shcatula Yurii – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate of Professor of the department of agriculture, soil science and agrochemistry of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Sonaychna St. 3., e-mail: shkatula @vsau.vin.ua).
Votyk Volodymyr – postgraduate student of the Department of Agriculture, Soil Science and Agrochemistry of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, 3 Sonyachna Street, e-mail: Votyk_volodymyr@ukr.net).
Nowadays no herbicide has been approved for use on chickpea crops has been officially registered in Ukraine. Weed control measures are mainly used. However, many years of experience in the use of a number of herbicides in our country and in other countries. In this regard, the effectiveness and selectivity of soil preparations such as Harnes, 90% k.e., and Frontier Optima, 72% k.e. were studied in chickpea crops. These herbicides were applied after sowing chickpeas until the emergence of seedlings. Application of Harness herbicide, 90% k.e., at a rate of 3.0 l / ha in the soil before the emergence of chickpea seedlings leads to a decrease in weed vegetation a month after application of the herbicide to 88% compared to control areas where measures to protect against storms vegetation was not carried out. The regulation of the number of weeds and their harmful effects in chickpea agrophytocenoses to an economically harmless level is an important condition in the technology of its cultivation. The most relevant weed control is at the beginning of the growing season of the crop, since this the chickpea grows very slowly, is in the rosette phase for a long time, and therefore does not withstand competition from weeds. To increase the yield of chickpea seeds, an important place in the technology of growing crops is the use of herbicides and biological products. Inoculation of chickpea seeds with Rizobofitt at a consumption rate of 1 l / t and with a biofungicidal preparation Biopolycide at a consumption rate of 100 ml/t, by introducing a soil herbicide Frontier Optima, 72% k.e., at a consumption rate of 1,2 l/ha, contribute to the reduction of weeds to 91%, and the ability to obtain the yield of chickpea seeds at the level of 2,12 t/ha.
1.Babych A. A. (1996). Methods of experiments in feed production. For order. [Methods of experiments in feed production. For order]. Vinnytsia. [in Ukrainian].
2.Vavrynovych O.V., Kachmar O.Y., Dubytsky O. L., Dubytska O. L. (2018). Influence of crop rotation factor on the herbological condition of grain and legume crops. [Influence of crop rotation factor on the herbological condition of grain and legume crops]. Zaxy`st i karanty`n rosly`n − Plant protection and quarantine Issue. 64. [in Ukrainian].
3.Gutyansky R. A. (2015). Formation of yield and protein content in chickpea seeds under the action of herbicides in the eastern part of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. [Formation of yield and protein content in chickpea seeds under the action of herbicides in the eastern part of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine]. Kormy` i kormovy`robny`cztvo − Feed and feed production. Issue. 80. 84-87. [in Ukrainian].
4.Zadorozhny V. S., Karasevych V. V., Movchan I. V., Kolodiy S. V. (2014). Harmfulness of weeds and their control in chickpea crops in the conditions of the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. [Harmfulness of weeds and their control in chickpea crops in the conditions of the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine]. Naukovi praci Insty`tutu bioenergety`chny`x kul`tur i czukrovy`x bur'yaniv − Scientific works of the Institute of Bioenergy Crops and Sugar Weeds. Issue. 20. 31-37. [in Ukrainian].
5.Zuza V. S., Gutyansky R. A. (2018). A new approach to weed types of crops. [A new approach to weed types of crops]. Karanty`n i zaxy`st rosly`n − Quarantine and plant protection. № 3. 4-6. [in Ukrainian].
6.Ivashchenko O. O. (2004). Modern problems of herbology. [Modern problems of herbology ]. Visny`k agrarnoyi nauky`− Bulletin of Agricultural Science. № 3. 27-29. [in Ukrainian].
7.Kurdyukova O. M., Tyschuk O. P. (2018). Wintering weeds and features of improving their control in crops. [Wintering weeds and features of improving their control in crops]. Karanty`n i zaxy`st rosly`n − Quarantine and plant protection. № 4–5. 5-7. [in Ukrainian].
8.Kurdyukova O. M., Tyschuk O. P. (2019). Weed infestation with weed seeds and measures to reduce it. [Weed infestation with weed seeds and measures to reduce it]. Zaxy`st i karanty`n rosly`n − Plant protection and quarantine. Issue. 65. [in Ukrainian].
9.Manko Yu. P. (2000). Problema potencijnoyi zabur'yanenosti rilli ta napryamy` yiyi vy`rishennya v zemlerobstvi [The problem of potential weediness of arable land and directions of its solution in agriculture]. Osobly`vosti zabur'yanennya posiviv i zaxy`st vid bur'yaniv u suchasny`x umovax: materialy` 2-yi naukovo-teorety`chnoyi konferenciyi gerbologiv. Kyiv, March 1-2. [in Ukrainian].
10.Pavlenko V. P., Petrov N. Y., Melnikova A. V. (2003). Texnology`y` y` sredstva vozdelыvany`ya nuta. [Technologies and means of cultivation of chickpeas]. Volgograd. Volgogradskaya gosudarstvennaya sel`skoxozyajstvennaya akademiya. [in Russian].
11.Tribel S. O., Sigareva D. D., Sekun M. P. (2001) and others. Metody`ka vy`probuvannya i zastosuvannya pesty`cy`div [Methods of testing and application of pesticides]. Za red. prof. S. O. Try`belya. K. Svit. [in Ukrainian].
12.Shevnikov M. Ya. (2004). Sposoby` i normy` vy`sivu soyi v umovax Livoberezhnogo Lisostepu Ukrayiny`. [Methods and norms of soybean sowing in the conditions of the Left-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine]. Visny`k Poltavs`koyi derzhavnoyi agrarnoyi akademiyi − Bulletin of the Poltava State Agrarian Academy. №3. 79-84. [in Ukrainian].
13.Shevnikov M. Ya., Milenko O. G. (2015). Mizhvy`dova konkurenciya ta zabur'yanenist` posiviv soyi zalezhno vid modeli agrofitocenozu [Interspecific competition and weed infestation depending on the agrophytocenosis model]. Visny`k agrarnoyi nauky` Pry`chornomor'ya − Bulletin of Agrarian Science of the Black Sea Region. Issue. 3. 116-123. [in Ukrainian].
14.Shkatula Yu.M. (2019). Vply`v gerbicy`div ta sty`mulyatoriv rostu na zabur'yanenist` ta biometry`chni pokazny`ky` rosly`n kvasoli [Influence of herbicides and growth stimulants on weed infestation and biometrics of bean plants]. Zbirny`k naukovy`x pracz` VNAU. Sil`s`ke gospodarstvo ta lisivny`cztvo − Collection of scientific works of VNAU Agriculture and forestry ". №12. 205–213 [in Ukrainian].
15.Shkatula Yu. M., Votik V. O. (2020). Shlyaxy` pidvy`shhennya vrozhajnosti nasinnya nutu. [Ways to increase the yield of chickpea seeds.]. Zbirny`k naukovy`x pracz` VNAU. Sil`s`ke gospodarstvo ta lisivny`cztvo − Collection of scientific works of VNAU. Agriculture and forestry. № 17. 195–208 [in Ukrainian].
Topics of the Journal:
Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:
Plant production, current state and prospects for development.
Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.
Feed production, current state and prospects for development.
Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.
Protection of plants.
Soil managment and soil quality improvement.
Forestry and gardening.
Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.
Ecology and environmental protection.
Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.
Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.
Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.
Directions and efficiency of crop production
Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.
Production of renewable energy from biological resources.
Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.
Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.
Horticulture and viticulture.
Processing and storage of crop products.
Beekeeping, current status and development trends.
Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.
Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.
Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.
The young scientist opinion.
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).
Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry". (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.
The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the Index Copernicus evaluation process positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018 (international citation database). Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018. ICV for 2018 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details? Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401; https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.