YIELD OF WINTER BARLEY DEPENDING ON THE FERTILIZER SYSTEM
Shcatula Yurii – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate of Professor of the department of agriculture, soil science and agrochemistry of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Sonaychna St. 3., e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Barsky Dmitry – postgraduate student of the Department of Agriculture, Soil Science and Agrochemistry of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, 3 Sonyachna Street, e-mail: Votyk_volodymyr@ukr.net).
The highest and most stable grain yields of winter barley depend on the possibility of using the variety of soil and climatic conditions of cultivation at the maximum level, as well as the ability to overcome adverse meteorological factors that impair plant growth and development. Therefore, new varieties must be characterized by a complex system of biochemical, physiological and economically valuable traits and properties that ensure adaptability to specific growing conditions. In recent years, climate change has become apparent in the central forest-steppe of Ukraine. Autumn and spring periods are often accompanied by drought, air storms. Precipitation is uneven, which is typical for the zone of unstable moistu. Winter barley can give high grain yields only on fertile soils and for the application of a sufficient amount of fertilizers. Therefore, in modern intensive technologies, the use of mineral fertilizers has an important place. It is especially important to carry out nitrogen fertilization of crops, which should be moderate in autumn and during tillering and the formation of elements of the yield structure. Plants assimilate nitrogen most intensively during the period of active growth - from the spring tillering phase to the heading phase. Introduction of diammofosk N10P26K26 + N34 for top dressing in the phase of the beginning of tillering + N46 the beginning of the emergence of plants into the tube under pre-sowing cultivation for growing winter barley winter barley plants and foliar feeding with urea at a dose of N8 + microfertilizer Ecolist at a rate of 4,0 l/ha contributed to the opportunity to obtain grain yield of winter barley varieties Atlant Mironovsky at the level of 6,81 t/ha, Paso variety – 7,29 t/ha, which is more for the control plots without fertilization, by 4,97-5,23 t/ha.
1.Demy`dov O. A., Gudzenko V. M., Vasy`l`kivs`ky`j S. P. (2016). Vply`v meteorologichny`x umov vegetacijnogo periodu na vrozhajnist` yachmenyu ozy`mogo v Lisostepu Ukrayiny`. [Influence of meteorological conditions of the growing season on winter barley yield in the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine]. Sortovy`vchennya ta oxorona prav na sorty` rosly`n − Variety research and protection of plant variety rights. № 4 (33). 39–43. [in Ukrainian].
2.Dospexov B. A. (1985). Metody`ka polevogo opыta (s osnovamy` staty`sty`cheskoj obrabotky` rezul`tatov y`ssledovany`j). [Methods of field experience (with the basics of statistical processingp of research results)] 5-e y`zd., dop y` pererab. M. Agropromy`zdat. [in Russian].
3.Dyakov M. G., By`stry`cz`ky`j V. O. (2010). Sprava potrebuye vdoskonalennya. [The case needs improvement]. Nasinny`cztvo − Seed production. №1. 15–18. [in Ukrainian]
4.Gorodnij M.M., Gry`shhenko O. V., Gengalo O. M. (2013). Vy`kory`stannya novy`x dobry`v iz shy`roky`m spektrom diyi. [Use of new fertilizers with a wide range of action]. Naukovi praci Insty`tutu bioenergety`chny`x kul`tur i czukrovy`x buryakiv : zb. nauk. pracz`. − Scientific works of the Institute of Bioenergy Crops and Sugar Beets: Coll. Science. K.: FOP Korzun Yu.D., Issue 17, Vol. II. 36-44. [in Ukrainian]
5.Gamayunova V. V., Panfilov A. V. (2020). Vply`v udobrennya na nakopy`chennya nadzemnoyi masy` rosly`namy` yachmenyu yarogo [Influence of fertilizer on accumulation of aboveground mass by plants of spring barley]. Naukovi gory`zonty`−Scientific horizons. № 5 (90). 7–14. [in Ukrainian]
6.Voloshhuk I. S. (2018). Pogodni umovy` yak chy`nny`k vy`znachennya zon ekologichnogo nasinny`cztva psheny`ci ozy`moyi [Weather conditions as a factor in determining the zones of ecological seed production of winter wheat]. Peredgirne ta girs`ke zemlerobstvo i tvary`nny`cztvo − Foothill and mountain agriculture and animal husbandry. Issue 64. 31–43. [in Ukrainian].
7.Katalog novy`x sortiv ta gibry`div Selekcijno-genety`chnogo insty`tutu (2019). [Catalog of new varieties and hybrids of the Breeding and Genetic Institute]. Odesa. [in Ukrainian].
8.Kly`my`shy`na R. I. (2012). Produkty`vnist` yachmenyu ozy`mogo zalezhno vid udobrennya ta norm vy`sivu nasinnya [Productivity of winter barley depending on fertilizer and seeding rates]. Visny`k agrarnoyi nauky`− Bulletin of Agricultural Science. №10. 76–79. [in Ukrainian].
9.Ly`xochvor V. V. (2008). Mineral`ni dobry`va ta yix zastosuvannya [Mineral fertilizers and their application]. L`viv. NVF. Ukrayins`ki texnologiyi. [in Ukrainian].
10.Mazur V. A., Pancy`reva G. V., Kopy`tchuk Yu. M. (2020). Zberezhennya rodyuchosti gruntu za racional`nogo vy`kory`stannya sy`stemy` udobrennya i normy` vy`sivu ozy`moyi psheny`ci. [Preservation of soil fertility with rational use of fertilizer system and sowing rate of winter wheat]. Sil`s`ke gospodarstvo ta lisivny`cztvo − Сollection of scientific works of VNAU. Agriculture and forestry. Issue 2. №17. 5-14. [in Ukrainian].
11.Prodan Y`. 2016. Эksportnыj kren yachmenya [Export roll of barley]. Zerno Grain. № 2 (URL: https: // www.zerno-ua.com/journals / 2016 / fevral-2016-god) [in Russian].
12.Sanin V. A. (2010). Pozakoreneve pidzhy`vlennya dobry`vamy` «Basfoliar» shho mistyat` makro- ta mikroelementy` – efekty`vny`j element intensy`vnoyi texnologiyi vy`roshhuvannya ozy`my`x zernovy`x kul`tur. [Foliar fertilization with Basfoliar fertilizers containing macro- and microelements is an effective element of intensive technology of growing winter grain crops]. Agronom − Agronomist. № 1(27). 32–33. [in Ukrainian].
13.Sanin Yu. V., Sanin V. A. (2013). Osobly`vosti pozakorenevogo pidzhy`vlennya sil`s`kogospodars`ky`x kul`tur mikroelementamy`[Features of foliar feeding of agricultural crops with microelements]. Agronom − Agronomist. №1. 34–38. [in Ukrainian].
14.Sheudzhen A.X., Kurkaev V. T., Kotlyarov N.S. (2004). Py`tany`e y` udobreny`e zernovыx, zernobobovыx y` texny`chesky`x kul`tur [Nutrition and fertilization of cereals, legumes and industrial crops]. GURY`PP «Adыgeya». Majkop. [in Russian].
15.Yarchuk I. I., Bozhko V. Yu., Moroz O. O. (2015). Zy`mostijkist` ta produkty`vnist` sortiv yachmenyu ozy`mogo zalezhno vid strokiv sivby` ta normy` vy`sivu [Winter hardiness and productivity of winter barley varieties depending on sowing dates and sowing rates]. Visny`k Poltavs`koyi derzhavnoyi agrarnoyi akademiyi − Bulletin of the Poltava State Agrarian Academy. №3. 54-57. [in Ukrainian].
Topics of the Journal:
Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:
Plant production, current state and prospects for development.
Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.
Feed production, current state and prospects for development.
Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.
Protection of plants.
Soil managment and soil quality improvement.
Forestry and gardening.
Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.
Ecology and environmental protection.
Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.
Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.
Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.
Directions and efficiency of crop production
Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.
Production of renewable energy from biological resources.
Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.
Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.
Horticulture and viticulture.
Processing and storage of crop products.
Beekeeping, current status and development trends.
Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.
Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.
Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.
The young scientist opinion.
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).
Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry". (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.
The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database). Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018. ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?
Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401; https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.