logo

Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1 (20)

Published: 2021.03.30
DOI: 0.37128/2707-5826-2021-1


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування польових культур. Особливостей вирощування овочевих культур, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, адаптивній селекції. Особливостям росту й розвитку лісових порід, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами.

Read about journal

WAYS OF STORING CORN GRAIN IN STORAGE OF VARIOUS TYPES

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-12
PDF Повернутись

Kirpa Mykola − Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor, Deputy Director for Research of the State Institution Institute of Grain Crops of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine (49027, Dnipro, Volodymyra Vernadskoho St., 14).

Stasiv Oleh − Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Director of the Institute of Agriculture of the Carpathian Region of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine (81115, Lviv region, Pustomyty district, Obrosheno village).

Bazileva Yuliya − Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, State Institution Institute of Grain Crops of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine (49027, Dnipro, 14 Volodymyra Vernadskoho Street).

Kolisnyk Oleh − Сandidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Botany, Genetics and Plant Protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).

Annotation

The relevance of the study to establish methods of storing corn grain is related to the problem that exists in the technology of storage of crops of different crops. Methods and material and technical base with preservation do not fully take into account the characteristics of individual crops as objects of storage, which leads to loss of products and deterioration of its quality. There is also no technical and technological assessment of new methods of storage and granaries, including metal type. The article presents the results of research, which revealed the peculiarities of storage of corn grain in metal granaries. The temperature regime, which is formed in different places of the embankment and grain quality indicators - humidity, purity, acidity, viability (germination) depending on the thermal protection of the storage are established. Layers of grain embankment were found in the warehouse, where unfavorable conditions for preservation and stable condition of products are created. The technical and technological assessment was carried out and the efficiency of different granaries was determined depending on the storage and the direction of its use. As a result of the conducted researches the technical and technologicalcharacteristic of various ways applied to storage of grain is made, their advantages and lacks are established. For the purpose of safe storage in metal granaries it is recommended to carry out their thermal protection by drawing heat-insulating material on external walls of storage. For long-term storage of corn grain stocks, its humidity should not exceed 12% with the removal of the total mass of the unstable fraction. In the long run, it is necessary to reduce the storage of grain in a controlled gaseous environment, as one that increases a high degree of preservation of products and their quality.

Keywords: storage methods, types of granary and their thermal protection, corn grain, quality, temperature regime.

List of references

1.Mashyny, ahrehaty ta kompleksy dlya pislyazbyral`noyi obrobky I zberihannya zernovykh kul`tur: posibnyk (2011). [Machines, units and complexes for post-harvest processing and storage of grain crops]. / [Kolektyv avtoriv]; za red. V. I. Kravchuka; M-voahrar. polityky ta prod-va Ukrayiny; UkrNDIPVTim. L. Pohoriloho. Doslidnyts`ke: UkrNDIPVTim. L. Pohoriloho, (Seriya «Sil`s`kohospodars`ka tekhnika KHKHI: monitorynh, vyprobovuvannya,prohnozuvannya»). [in Ukrainian].

2.Kyrpa M. YA. (2010). Naukovo-praktychni tendentsiy i rozvytku tekhnolohiy ta systemy mashyn dlya pervynnoyi obrobky I zberihannya zerna. [Scientific and practical trends in the development of technologies and systems of machines for primary processing and storage of grain]. Naukovi pratsi ONAKHT. Naukove vydannya, seriya Tekhnichni nauky − Scientific works of ONAHT. Scientific publication, series Technical Sciences. Issue 38. Vol 1. 147 – 150. [in Ukrainian].

3.Mashynyi obladnannya dlya zberihannya ta kompleksnoyi obrobky zerna (2014). [Machines and equipment for storage and complex processing of grain]. / A. S. Kobets`, YU. O. Chursinov, S. A. Chernykh, M. P. Sabadash, N. V. Hrekova, V. P. Kanunnikov Dnipropetrovs`k: DDAEU. [in Ukrainian].

4.Shapovalenko O. I., Dmytruk YE. A., Sharan A. V., Hrehirchak N. M., Shtyka YA. A., Chernyshevych O. I. (2010). Doslidzhennya protsesu zberihannya zerna v hermetychnykh umovakh [Research of grain storage process in hermetic conditions]. Naukovi pratsi ONAKHT. Naukove vydannya, seriya Tekhnichni nauky − Scientific works of ONAHT. Scientific publication, series Technical Sciences. Issue 38. Vol. 1. 116 – 122. [in Ukrainian].

5.Voblykov E. M., Bukhantsov V. A., Maratov B. K., Prokopets A. S. (2001). Posleuborochnaya obrabotka y khranenye zerna [Post-harvest handling and storage of grain]. Rostovn /D: yzdatel`skyy tsentr «MarT». [in Ukrainian].

6.Kyrpa M. YA. Napryamky enerhozberezhennya v tekhnolohiyakh vyrobnytstva I zberihannya zerna [Directions of energy saving in grain production and storage technologies]. Naukovi pratsi ONAKHT. Naukove vydannya, seriya Tekhnichni nauky − Scientific works of ONAHT. Scientific publication, series Technical Sciences. Issue 38. Vol. 1. 107 – 154. [in Ukrainian].

7.Sinha R. N., W. E. Muir. (1975) Grain storage: part of system. Khranenyezerna. Per. s anhl. V. Y. Dashevskoho [y dr.]. Pod red. y s predysl. N. P. Kozymynoy. M., «Kolos», 1975. 424 s. [in English].

8.M. Dzh. Nésh. (1981). Konservyrovanye y khranenye sel`skokhozyaystvennykh produktov [Preservation and storage of agricultural products]: Spravochnaya knyha / Per. s anhl. N. A. Habelovoy, N. V. Hadelyya; Pod red. y s predysl. V. Y. Anyskyna. M.: Kolos. [in Russian].

9.Budyuk L. F., Strakhova T. V., Steblovs`ka A. V., Shpak V. M. (2010). Doslidzhennya temperatury zernovoyi masy pry zapovneni metalevykh sylosiv. [Pre-adjustment of the temperature of the grain mass at storage of metal silos]. Naukovi pratsi ONAKHT. Naukove vydannya, seriya Tekhnichni nauky − Scientific works of ONAHT. Scientific publication, series Technical Sciences. Issue 38, Vol. 1. 151 – 154. [in Ukrainian].

10.Kyrpa N. YA. (2008). Khranenye zerna y factory eho dolhovechnosty. Khranenye y pererabotka zerna [Grain storage and factors of its durability. Storage and processing of grain]. Dnepropetrovsk. №3 (105). 31 – 33. [in Russian].

11.Polyvoda V. V. (2010). Modelyrovanye protsessa dyffuzy yuhlekysloho haza pry postroenyy avtomatyzyrovannoy systemy upravleny yak hranenyem zerna [Simulation of the carbon dioxide diffusion process in the construction of an automated grain storage control system]. Naukovi pratsi ONAKHT. Naukove vydannya, seriya Tekhnichni nauky − Scientific works of ONAHT. Scientific publication, series Technical Sciences. Issue 38, Vol 1. 346 – 351. [in Russian].

12.Stankevych H. M., Budyuk L. F., Shpak V. M. (2009). Doslidzhennya formuvannya shariv zernovoho nasypu v metalevykh sylosakh velykoyi yemnosti [Research of formation of layers of a grain embankment in metal silos of big capacity]. Naukovi pratsi ONAKHT. Naukove vydannya, seriya Tekhnichni nauky − Scientific works of ONAHT. Scientific publication, series Technical Sciences. Issue 36. Vol. 1. 101 – 103. [in Ukrainian].

13.HOST 10844-74 Zerno: (1980) Metodo predelenyya kyslotnosty po boltushke. Zernovye, bobovye y maslychnyekul`tury [Grain: Method for determining acidity by talker. Cereals, legumes and oilseeds]. M.: Yzdatel`stvo standartov. [in Russian].

14.DSTU 4138-2002. (2003). Nasinnya sil`s`kohospodars`kykh kul`tur. Metody vyznachennya yakosti. [Seeds of agricultural crops. Methods for determining quality] [Chynnyy vid 2004–01–01]. Vyd. ofits. Kyyiv: DerzhspozhyvstandartUkrayiny. [in Ukrainian].

15.Metody cheskyeu kazanyya po dlytel`nomu khranenyyu semyan (1991). [Methodical instructions on long-term storage of seeds] sost. N. V. Zhukova, N. H. Khoroshaylov; pod red. prof. N. H. Khoroshaylova. Lenynhrad [in Russian].

All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.