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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (22)

Published: 2021.10.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-3


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено удосконаленню технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу зернобобових культур на підвищення родючості грунту, селекції бобових, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами та інтродукції декоративних рослин.

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USE OF MICRO FERTILIZERS AND PREPARATIONS IN GROWING PEAS IN THE SOUTHERN STEPPE ZONE OF UKRAINE

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-3-2
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Palamarchuk Vitalii – Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Plant Production, Selection and Bioenergetic cultures (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, е-mail: vd-palamarchuk@ukr.net).

Kovalenko Oleg Anatolyevich – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of plant growing and landscape gardening in Nikolaev National Agrarian University (54020, Nikolaev, st. Georgi Gongadze, 9. email: kovalenko_oleh@ukr.net).

Annotation

The article highlights the results of studying the impact of foliar fertilization with microfertilizers “Nanomix”, “Rostock”, “Reacom”, “Kvantum”, bacterial preparations “Azotofit”, “Phytocid”, “Biocomplex-BTU” and “Organic- balance"”on the yield of peas Oplot. The field research was conducted under the conditions of the educational-scientific and practical center of Mykolaiv National Agrarian University of the Southern Steppe Zone of Ukraine. The soil of the experimental field is the southern blacksoil of medium-loamy weakly saline. For pea sowing, grainy sowing was used СЗ-3,6 ASTRA with a sowing rate of 220 kg/ha (800000 pieces of germinating seeds per 1 hectare). The depth of seed seeding was – 5-6 cm. Seeds treated with Vitavax200 FF disinfectant (2.5-3 l / t) were used for sowing. Different variants of applying preparations in the phase of branching, budding and joint processing of plants have been researched. The efficiency of foliar fertilization preparations on the formation of pea yield has been analysed. The maximum yield of peas was formed using foliar fertilization with microfertilizer Nanomix in the phase of branching and budding in conjunction with the biological product Organic-balance and was 2.74 t / ha. With the use of biologicals on the background of microfertilizer Nanomix, the best option for the formation of crop yields of peas (2.56 t / ha) was foliar feeding in the branching phase + budding phase. By factor B, the best option was fertilization with Nanomix in the branching phase + budding phase, with a yield of 2.63 t / ha, and among the biological products for foliar feeding was Organic Balance, which formed an average yield of 2.58 t / ha. Our calculated polynomial correlation-regression dependences of pea yield on the use of Nnomix microfertilizer and biological preparations at different phases of plant treatment have showed that there is a very strong relationship between these formulations, which have been taken for the research and the yield. The coefficient of determination (R2) ranges from 0.651 to 0.940 with the use of Azotofit, from 0.658 to 0.903 - Phytocid, from 0.687 to 0.706 - Biocomplex and from 0.922 to 0.956 - Organic balance varies from 0.651 to 0.956, which is on a scale Cheddock characterized by such a statistical relationship as medium and strong. As a result of our research on the use of preparations and microfertilizers for foliar feeding of vegetative pea plants in different phases of its growth, the best options were using microfertilizers Reacom and Kvantum in the branching phase and the tank mixture of microfertilizers Reacom and Kvantum with Biocomplex-BTU and Organic balance in the budding phase. These options provided a pea yield of 2.86-2.91 t / ha.

Keywords: peas, foliar fertilization, microfertilizers, bacterial preparations, yield.

List of references

1. Mazur V.A., Palamarchuk V.D., Polishchuk I.S., Palamarchuk O.D. (2017). Novitni ahrotekhnolohii u roslynnytstvi [The latest agricultural technologies in crop production]. [in Ukrainian].

2. Palamarchuk V.D., Kalenska S.M., Yermakova L.M., Polishchuk I.S., Polishchuk M.I. (2015). Systemy suchasnykh intensyvnykh tekhnolohii u roslynnytstvi [Systems of modern intensive technologies in crop production]. Vinnytsia: FOP Rohalska I.O. [in Ukrainian].

3. Hamaiunova V. V., Kovalenko O.A., Khonenko L.H. (2018). Suchasni pidkhody do vedennia zemlerobskoi haluzi na zasadakh biolohizatsii ta resursozberezhennia [Modern approaches to the management of the agricultural sector on the basis of biologization and resource conservation]. Ratsionalne vykorystannia resursiv v umovakh ekolohichno stabilnykh terytorii: kolektyvna monohrafiia [Rational use of resources in the conditions of ecologically stable territories: a collective monograph]. Poltava: TOV NVP «Ukrpromtorhservis». Р. 232-342. [in Ukrainian].

4. Kovalenko O.A. Kliuchnyk M.A., Chebanenko K.V. (2015). Zastosuvannia biopreparativ dlia obrobky nasinnievoho materialu pshenytsi ozymoi [The use of biological products for the treatment of seeds of winter wheat]. Naukovi pratsi. Ekolohiia. [Scientific works. Ecology]. V. 244. Tom 256. Р. 74-77. [in Ukrainian].

5. Palamarchuk, V.D., Polishchuk, I.S. & Yermakova, L.M. et al. (2013). Biolohiia ta ekolohiia silskohospodarskykh Roslyn [Biology and ecology of agricultural plants]. Vinnytsia: FOP Danyliuk [in Ukrainian].

6. Ostapchuk M.O., Polishchuk I.S., Mazur O.V., Palamarchuk V.D. (2016). Mikrobiolohichni osnovy ahrotekhnolohii [Microbiological bases of agrotechnologies]. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo - Agriculture and forestry. 3. Р. 32-43. [in Ukrainian].

7. Dospehov B.A. (1985). Metodika polevogo opyita [Field experiment technique]. M.: Kolos. [in Russian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.