THE STATEMENT AND PERSPECTIVE GROWING OF THE CORN IN MOLDOVA REPUBLIC
Shinkaruk V. – Director of ICS Chimagromarketing SRL, Moldova (str. Tighina, 65, of. 414 MD2001 Chisinau, Chisinau Municipality).
Tabakari R. – Lecturer at the State Agrarian University of Moldova (Strada Mirceşti 42, Chişinău, Moldova).
Polishchuk M. – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Agriculture, Soil Science and Agrochemistry, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Melnik V. – student of the State Agrarian University of Moldova (Strada Mirceşti 42, Chişinău, Moldova).
The article presents data on the structure of sown areas of field crops of Moldova, gross production and yield level of the most common crops. The analysis of the change of the sown areas of production of cereals and leguminous crops is made, the share of the latter remains very low over the last 10 years. It is noted that the share of cereals and legumes by 2017 declined to 61.1%, and the share of sunflower rose to 22.8-31%.
The main leguminous crops in the Republic of Moldova is maize, which in the structure of the sown areas for growing cereals ranges from 27.4 to 33.5% at low levels with world indicators and yield levels. The analysis of the futures price for maize has shown a decrease in recent years. One of the reasons for the low level of corn grain yield is its small-scale production, with 260 hybrids of the best world and own originators in the catalog of plant varieties of the Republic of Moldova. However, manufacturers do not fully utilize the best hybrids to sow seeds, but focus on its pricing policy.
To improve the state of maize production, Chimagromarketing promotes the development of the latest cultivation technologies for the attraction of sowing materials of Hungarian breeding hybrids, whose yield potential is at 8-9.5 t/ha. Universităţii Agrare de Stat Din Moldova.Taking into account the current state of corn production in Moldova and assessing the prospects for the development of corn production in the country, Chimagromarketing is trying to help solve the difficulties faced by the country's farmers. Starting from 2019, financially affordable and high-quality sowing material for maize hybrids of Hungarian selection, the well-known State management agency of the Ministry of Agriculture of Hungary, the Szeged Institute of Grain Management “GabonaKutato”, has been offered to all agricultural producers. According to the results of a variety test in Moldova, maize hybrids GKT 288 and GKT 3213 showed grain yields in the range of 8-9.5 t / ha. Hybrid GKT 3213 received registration throughout the republic, and GKT 288 - in the zones "North" and "Center".
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Topics of the Journal:
Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:
Plant production, current state and prospects for development.
Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.
Feed production, current state and prospects for development.
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Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.
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Beekeeping, current status and development trends.
Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.
Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.
Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.
The young scientist opinion.
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).