Agriculture and forestry


Issue №: 1 (32)

Published: 2024.02.27
DOI: DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2024-1

The issue of the magazine is dedicated to the improvement of technological methods of growing agricultural crops. A special role is given to the influence of leguminous crops on increasing soil fertility, leguminous breeding, ecology and environmental protection, methods of combating pests

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DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2024-1-14
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Tkachuk Оleksandr Petrovich − doctor of agricultural sciences, professor, head of the department of ecology and environmental protection of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. (Soniachna Str. 3, Vinnitsa city, 21008. tel. 0679546095. e-mail: tkachukop@ukr.net).

Bondarenko Mykhailo Ihorovych − graduate student of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. (Soniachna Str. 3, Vinnytsia, 21008. tel. 0978081125. email: bondarenkomikhailo2011@gmail.com).


In most farms that use intensive crop cultivation technologies, corn makes up 40% of the sown area structure. And this, in turn, can lead to its re-growing. The saturation of short-rotation crop rotations with corn in farms is more than 30%, which is three times higher than scientifically based calculations. Therefore, with such a share of corn in the crop rotation, part of its area is sown again in the same field. Corn tolerates repeated cultivation on the same field for three to four years. But under such conditions, in order to guarantee high and stable corn yields, it is necessary to increase the application rates of mineral fertilizers and strengthen the chemical protection of crops against harmful organisms. Scientific evidence indicates that maize in a monoculture requires 35-55 kg/ha more nitrogen than that grown after a better predecessor. With such intensive fertilization of repeated crops of corn with mineral fertilizers, toxic substances contained in fertilizers may accumulate in the grain. A high risk of accumulation of heavy metals: lead, cadmium, copper and zinc, which are present in mineral fertilizers. The purpose of the research is to study the intensity of accumulation of heavy metals in the soil and grain during repeated cultivation of corn in the same field. Laboratory studies were carried out in the certified and accredited laboratory of the Vinnytsia branch of the Institute of Soil Protection of Ukraine of the Derzhgruntokhorona State University. The content of heavy metals in soil and grain was determined: lead, cadmium, copper and zinc. During the repeated cultivation of corn, to ensure a high and stable yield of its grain, the rate of mineral fertilizers was increased by 30%: from N45P45K45 to N65P65K65. With such an increase, the content of mobile forms of lead in the soil increases by 4.2 times, but the content of mobile forms of cadmium decreases by 10%, copper by 19.6%, and zinc by 23%. Exceeding the maximum allowable concentration of heavy metals in the soil was not detected in any variant. We found that when corn was re-grown on the same plot, the content of copper as a trace element decreased by 19.6%, and zinc by 23.0%. Such a decrease in the content of microelements in the soil indicates the unidirectional absorption of these substances by corn plants during two years of cultivation and requires compensation of these elements in the form of microfertilizers. During repeated cultivation of corn, the content of lead in its grain decreased by 8.2%, cadmium - by 14.3%, copper - by 2.0%, zinc - by 24.8%. Exceeding the MPC of lead in corn grain during its one-time and repeated cultivation with a value of 1.7 MPC and 1.6 MPC, respectively, was established. During one-time cultivation of corn, the coefficient of accumulation of lead and cadmium in its grain was 4.6 times and 4.3% higher, respectively, than during two-time cultivation, zinc - by 2.4%, and copper - on the contrary, it was higher than during two-time cultivation of corn by 17.9%. The total rate of heavy metal contamination of the soil during repeated cultivation of  corn was 16.5% higher than during one-time cultivation, but was at a safe level. In the grain of repeated cultivation of corn, the total indicator was 2.2 times lower than that of one-time cultivation.

Keywords: corn, repeated cultivation, soil, grain, pollution, heavy metals, fertilizers.

List of references

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.


Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List   ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 


According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the decision of the National Council of Television and Radio Broadcasting of Ukraine dated 25.04.2024 No. 1337 scientific journal “Agriculture and Forestry” has the ID of the Media R30-05174.