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space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4 (15)

Published: 2019.12.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2019-3-4


Description:
Publications are devoted to the reserch of technological methods of cultivation of crops, preservation of soil fertility, through the cultivation of perennial grasses and legumes, alternatives to the marginal lands utilization, greening agricultural production, the use of selection indices for the identification of source material, reproduction.

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THE INFLUENCE OF TECHNOLOGICAL METHODS OF CULTIVATION ON THE FORMATION OF STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS OF THE CROP OF VEGETABLE PEAS IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE RIGHT-BANK FOREST-STEPPE

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2019-3-4-2
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Didur Ihor – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).

Mostovenko Voldemar – postgraduate student of the Soil Management, Soil Science and Agrochemistry Department, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).

 

Annotation

One of the most common annual legumes is vegetable peas, commonly known as "green peas". This crop is capable of meeting its own nitrogen requirements of 60-70% and leaving up to 60-80 kg / ha of biological nitrogen in the soil, making it an excellent precursor for most crops.Seed treatment with boron and molybdenum and rhizotorphine helped to increase the length of the stem. 

In the technology of pea cultivation vegetable variety factor is central among other technological elements.  The main method of production intensification is the adaptation of technologies for growing peas of vegetables for a particular variety.  Ukraine has optimal soil and climatic conditions for growing both cereals, vegetables, and sugar peas.

It generally provided better aeration of crops due to better light, which amounted to 87.9 cm for boron treatment and 88.5 cm for molybdenum treatment, increasing the number of seeds in beans from  7 to 8 pcs.  However, the weight of 1,000 seeds decreased slightly, both for boron treatments up to 156.5 and for molybdenum treatments up to 154.3 g.  In addition, the use of foliar fertilizers Nanovit Mono Bohr in the budding phase contributed to increasing the length of the stem to 91.2 cm, the number of seeds in beans to 9 pcs, the weight of 1,000 seeds to 161.4 g, and the yield level to 7.5 t / ha. In order to obtain the maximum yield of peas vegetable varieties of Skinado and Sommerwood at the level of 7-8 t / ha in the conditions of Vinnytsia it is necessary to add mineral fertilizers N40K60R60, (phosphoric and potash - under the basic cultivation of soil, nitrogen - under pre- sowing cultivation).

Before planting vegetable peas, seed treatment with risotrophin, boron, molybdenum and as extra-root nutrition is carried out by Nanovite Mono Bor - 1 l / ha and Molybdenum Nanovite - 0.5 l / ha in the budding phase.

Treatment of seeds with boron and molybdenum contributes to increasing the length of the stem, which in general provides better aeration of crops due to better lighting. Further study of the factors of intensification of the technology of growing vegetable peas, in particular, on the implementation of foliar infusions in the phase of seeding began to be needed.

Keywords: vegetable peas, varietal, boron, molybdenum, risotorphine, foliar nutrition.

Keywords: vegetable peas, varietal, boron, molybdenum, risotorphine, foliar nutrition.

List of references

1.Rozvadovskyi A.M. (2000). Intensyvna tekhnolohiia vyroshchuvannia ovochevoho horokhu [Intensive technology of vegetable pea cultivation]. K.: Urozhai [in Ukrainian].

2.Overchenko B. (2001). Vyroshchuite horokh! Prote ne vsiudy… [Grow Peas! However, not everywhere]. Propozytsiia – Offer. 3. 45-46 [in Ukrainian].

3.Stryhun V.M., Stryhun L.V. (2014).  Novi  sorty horokhu ovochevoho dlia konservnoi promyslovosti [New varieties of vegetable peas for canning industry].  Bioresursy i pryrodokorystuvannia – Bioresources and nature management.  Vols 6. 1-2. 54-57. [in Ukrainian]. 

4.Shevchenko A.M., Chekryhin P.M. (2000). Napriamy vdoskonalennia selektsii horokhu [Directions of improvement of selection of peas].  Visnyk ahrarnoi nauky – Bulletin of Agrarian Science.  12. 31-32. [in Ukrainian].

5.Grabowska K. (2004). Matematyczne modelowanie plonowania grochu siewnego na podstawie czynnikow meteorologicznych. Dissertations and monographs (Poland), Olsztyn,  Vol. 99. 86 p. [in Polish].

6.Lemishko S. M. (2018). Efektyvnist vykorystannia biopreparativ ta stymuliatoriv rostu u posivakh horokhu v umovakh Pivnichnoho Stepu Ukrainy [Efficiency of use of biopreparations and growth stimulants in pea crops under the conditions of the Northern steppe of Ukraine]. Zernovi kultury – Grain Cultures. Vols 2,  1. 82-87. [in Ukrainian].

7.Shevchenko A. M., Shevchenko I. A. (2007). Vysokoadaptyvni sorty polovykh kultur [Highly adaptive varieties of field crops]. Visnyk ahrarnoi nauky – Bulletin of Agrarian Science  1. 21-23. [in Ukrainian].

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10.Zynchenko A.Y., Karasiuk Y.M. (1988). Intensivnaya tehnologiya vozdelyivaniya zernovyih i tehnicheskih kultur [Intensive technology of cultivation of grain and industrial crops].  Kyiv: Vyshcha shkola.  [in Russian].

11.Almashova V.S.,  Voitashenko D.P.  2013  Vplyv obrobky nasinnia borom, molibdenom i ryzotorfinom na vodospozhyvannia horokhu ovochevoho za umov zbalansovanoho pryrodokorystuvannia [Influence of seed treatment with boron, molybdenum and risotorphine on water consumption of vegetable peas in the conditions of balanced use of nature]. Zroshuvane zemlerobstvo. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats. – Irrigated agriculture. Collection of scientific works. Issue. 59.  99-101. [in Ukrainian].

12.Almashova A.S., Hamaiunova V.V. (2007). Ahroekolohichni aspekty okremykh pryiomiv vyroshchuvannia horokhu ovochevoho  na pivdni Ukrainy [Agro-ecological aspects of separate methods of growing vegetable peas in the south of Ukraine]. Visnyk ahrarnoi nauky Prychornomoria – Bulletin of agrarian science of the Black Sea region. Issue 2. 246-251. [in Ukrainian].

13. Didur I. M. (2011). Vplyv  vapnuvannia ta pozakorenevykh pidzhyvlen na urozhainist ta yakist zerna horokhu v umovakh Lisostepu Pravoberezhnoho [Influence of liming and foliar nutrition on the yield and quality of pea grains in the conditions of the Forest-steppe of the Pravoberezhny]. Kormy i kormovyrobnytstvo – Forage and feed production. Issue. 70. 86-93. [in Ukrainian].

14. Telekalo N.V. (2019).  Efektyvnist  vykorystannya bakterialnyx preparativ pry vyroshhuvanni goroxu posivnogo [Effective use of bacterial preparations in the cultivation of peas]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo.– Collection of scientific works. Agriculture and forestry. 2019. 14. 127-140 [in Ukrainian].

 

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).