THE INFLUENCE OF TECHNOLOGICAL METHODS OF CULTIVATION ON THE FORMATION OF STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS OF THE CROP OF VEGETABLE PEAS IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE RIGHT-BANK FOREST-STEPPE
Didur Ihor – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).
Mostovenko Voldemar – postgraduate student of the Soil Management, Soil Science and Agrochemistry Department, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).
One of the most common annual legumes is vegetable peas, commonly known as "green peas". This crop is capable of meeting its own nitrogen requirements of 60-70% and leaving up to 60-80 kg / ha of biological nitrogen in the soil, making it an excellent precursor for most crops.Seed treatment with boron and molybdenum and rhizotorphine helped to increase the length of the stem.
In the technology of pea cultivation vegetable variety factor is central among other technological elements. The main method of production intensification is the adaptation of technologies for growing peas of vegetables for a particular variety. Ukraine has optimal soil and climatic conditions for growing both cereals, vegetables, and sugar peas.
It generally provided better aeration of crops due to better light, which amounted to 87.9 cm for boron treatment and 88.5 cm for molybdenum treatment, increasing the number of seeds in beans from 7 to 8 pcs. However, the weight of 1,000 seeds decreased slightly, both for boron treatments up to 156.5 and for molybdenum treatments up to 154.3 g. In addition, the use of foliar fertilizers Nanovit Mono Bohr in the budding phase contributed to increasing the length of the stem to 91.2 cm, the number of seeds in beans to 9 pcs, the weight of 1,000 seeds to 161.4 g, and the yield level to 7.5 t / ha. In order to obtain the maximum yield of peas vegetable varieties of Skinado and Sommerwood at the level of 7-8 t / ha in the conditions of Vinnytsia it is necessary to add mineral fertilizers N40K60R60, (phosphoric and potash - under the basic cultivation of soil, nitrogen - under pre- sowing cultivation).
Before planting vegetable peas, seed treatment with risotrophin, boron, molybdenum and as extra-root nutrition is carried out by Nanovite Mono Bor - 1 l / ha and Molybdenum Nanovite - 0.5 l / ha in the budding phase.
Treatment of seeds with boron and molybdenum contributes to increasing the length of the stem, which in general provides better aeration of crops due to better lighting. Further study of the factors of intensification of the technology of growing vegetable peas, in particular, on the implementation of foliar infusions in the phase of seeding began to be needed.
Keywords: vegetable peas, varietal, boron, molybdenum, risotorphine, foliar nutrition.
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Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
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According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.