logo

Сільське господарство та лісівництво

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4 (15)

Published: 2019.12.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2019-3-4


Description:
Publications are devoted to the reserch of technological methods of cultivation of crops, preservation of soil fertility, through the cultivation of perennial grasses and legumes, alternatives to the marginal lands utilization, greening agricultural production, the use of selection indices for the identification of source material, reproduction.

Read about journal

THE INFLUENCE OF FERTILIZATION SYSTEM ON PASSING OF HEIGHT PHASES AND DEVELOPMENT OF SOYABEAN SORTS AND ON MAINTENANCE COEFFICIENT INDEX OF PLANTS

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2019-3-4-8
PDF Повернутись

Tsyhanska Olena  –  Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Landscape Management, Forestry, Horticulture and Viniculture of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: lenkatsiganskaya@gmail.com).

Tsyhanskyi Viacheslav  – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior lecturer of the Department of of Plant Production, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).

 

 

Annotation

Soybean is the main high-protein crop of the world crop, it is one of the most common legumes and oilseeds, plays a crucial role in agriculture, technical and processing industry and medicine.  This is a valuable leguminous crop, which is of particular importance in the formation of the domestic market of high-protein feeds, balanced in nutrients and amino acids.  Soybean seeds contain an average of 36 - 45% protein, 19 - 22% - fat, 23 - 28% carbohydrates, significant content of vitamins, enzymes, minerals and other substances.

The worldwide importance of soybean and the main limitations to crop yields. Because of its potential for large-scale production, soybean (Glycine max (L.) has excelled in the world agricultural economy as a major oilseed crop. At present, soybeans are grown primarily for oil extraction and for use as a high protein meal for animal feed. Soybean has a protein content of approximately 40% and an oil content of approximately 20%. This crop is currently being produced around the world. 

Indicate that to obtain increases in soybean yields, it is necessary to understand the interaction between cultivars and the production environment. Based on these factors, crop management can be adjusted to achieve proper development of plants in each production environment. Soybean is very responsive to environmental conditions, and the main climatic factors affecting its crop yields include the photoperiod, which influences the availability of full light, temperature and water availability. Although the effects of various environmental factors interfere with the performance of crops, water restriction is the main limiting environmental factor that contributes to the failure to obtain maximum soybean yields influencing the use of other environmental resources. Two-thirds of world food production through cultivation occurs under water stress. In this context and because of the prospect of global climate change, most crops will be exposed to negative impacts caused by drought.

 

Keywords: height, fertilizer system, linear growth, phenological phases, soybean varieties.

List of references

1.Адамень Ф. Ф. Некоторые научно обоснованные результаты исследований по густоте стояния растений сои и способ сева в условиях Крыма.  Матер. Міжнар. Наук.-практ. Конф. «Україна в світових земельних, продовольчих і кормових ресурсах і економічних відносинах» 11 – 14 грудня. Вінниця, 1995.  С. 341-342.

2.Бабич А. О. Сорти сої і перспективи виробництва її в Україні.  Пропозиція. 2007. № 4.  С. 46-49.

3.Дідур І.М. Вплив вапнування та позакореневих підживлень на урожайність та якість зерна гороху в умовах лісостепу правобережного.  Корми і кормовиробництво. 2011. № 70. С. 86-92.

4.Доспехов Б. А. Методика полевого опыта (с основами статистической обработки результатов исследований). 5-е изд., доп. перераб. М.: Агропромиздат, 1985. 351 с.

5.Лихочвор В. В., Петриченко В. Ф., Іващук П. В. Зерновиробництво. Львів: НВФ «Українські технології», 2008. 624 с.

6.Камінський В. Ф., Голодна А. В., Гресь С. А. Значення погодно-кліматичних умов у виробництві зернобобових культур в Україні. Корми і кормовиробництво. Вінниця, 2004. Вип. 53. С. 38-48.

7.Лещенко А. К. Культура сои. Происхождение, распостранение, ботанические и биологические особенности. К.: Наукова думка, 1978. 263 с.

8.Методика державного сортовипробування сільськогосподарських культур (зернові, круп’яні та зернобобові культури): за ред. В. В. Волкодава.  К., 2001.  69 с.

9.Нагорний В. І. Врожайність і агроекологічна адаптивність сортів сої в умовах північно-східного Лісостепу України. Збірник наукових праць Уманського державного аграрного університету. 2009. Вип. 72.  С. 153-159.

10.Єщенко В. О., Копитко П. Г., Опришко В. П., Костогриз П. В. Основи наукових досліджень в агрономії. Дія, 2005. 288 с.

11.Романько Ю. Вплив кліматичних чинників на реалізацію потенціалу сої різних груп стиглості в умовах північно-східного Лісостепу України. Вісник Львівського національного аграрного університету. 2009. № 13. С. 379-388.

 

All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).