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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1 (24)

Published: 2022.05.03
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2022-1


Description:
The issue of the magazine is devoted to the improvement of technological methods of growing crops. A special role is given to the influence of legumes on increasing soil fertility, ecology and environmental protection, methods of pest control and the introduction of ornamental plants and breeding

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THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE USE OF BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS IN WINTER WHEAT CROPS IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE RIGHT-BANK FOREST-STEPPE

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2022-1-7
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Pinchuk Natalya Vladimirovna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of botany, genetics and plant protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: pnv@vsau.vin.ua).

Verheles Pavel Nikolaevich – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of botany, genetics and plant protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, pasha425@vsau.vin.ua).

Kovalenko Tatyana Methodivna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of botany, genetics and plant protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: ktm@vsau.vin.ua).

Amons Sergey Eduardovich – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of botany, genetics and plant protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: dorosh@vsau.vin.ua).

 

Annotation

This article presents the results of studies of the effectiveness of the use of biological products in winter wheat crops. The positive effect of pre-sowing seed inoculation with biological products Azotofit and Help Growth on the germination capacity of winter wheat seeds of the Skagen variety has been established which was 3-4% higher than the control and contributed to an increase in the number of nodal roots by 56% and 50%, respectively, the plant density was 13-9 pcs / m2 more than in the control. In the variants Azotofit and Help Growth, productive tillering was higher by 0.3-0.2 stems / plant. compared with the control, and the infestation of plants by root rot was 6.6-4.7%, respectively. It was established that an increase in winter hardiness as a result of pre-sowing inoculation of winter wheat seeds, which was 93.2-94.5%, respectively, which was 2.7-4% higher than the control indicator and overwintering of plants, which was 546-521 pcs / m2, which 111-85 pieces / m2 more compared to the control. The combination of pre-sowing inoculation with biological products Azotofit, Help Growth and feeding with Organic Balance (during spring tillering) had a positive effect on the bushiness of plants and their productivity, which, in the variant providing for pre-sowing inoculation of seeds with the biological product Azotofit and feeding with Organic Balance, was 580 which is 102 pcs / m2 higher than the control indicator. The use of the studied preparations contributed to the better spring tillering of winter wheat plants and the number of productive stems, in particular, the combination of pre-sowing inoculation, respectively, with the biological products Azotofit and Help. Growth and feeding Organic balance (during the spring tillering period), the number of productive stems is 535-540 pcs / m2, which is 112-117 pcs / m2 more than in the control. The use of the studied biological products had a positive effect on the elements of the structure of the crop, in particular, an increase in the number of grains per spike, the mass of grain per spike and the mass of 1000 grains was noted, which ultimately contributed to obtaining the highest yield of winter wheat, which in the application of Azotofit and Help Growth was 5.64-5.82 t / ha, respectively, which is 0.48-0.66 t / ha more than in the control. When feeding in the tillering phase with Organic, the yield balance was 5.63 t / ha, which is 0.47 t / ha higher than in the control. With a combination of presowing inoculation, respectively, with the biological products Azotofit and Help Growth and feeding Organic balance (during the spring tillering period), the yield was 6.21-6.38 g, which is 1.09-1.22 t / ha more than in the control.

 

Keywords: winter wheat, biological product, yield, grain quality.

List of references

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2.Mazur V.A., Tkachuk O.P., Yakovetsʹ L.A. (2020). Ekolohichna bezpeka zernovoyi ta zernobobovoyi produktsiyi [Ecological safety of grain and legume products]. Monohrafiya. VNAU. Vinnytsya. Tvory. [in Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019, 2020 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018, 2019, 2020 Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

The ICV for 2020 is visible on the full list of indexed journals at ICI Journals Master List 2020 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in Journal`s Passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=65401&lang=pl

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.