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Сільське господарство та лісівництво

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1 (16)

Published: 2020.05.28
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-1


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Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, адаптивній селекції, інтродукції малопоширених декоративних видів, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, зокрема, впливу хімізації на забруднення грунту та зернової продукції пестицидами, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами.

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STUDY OF SOURCE MATERIAL FOR EDAPHIC SELECTION OF ALFALFA

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-1-10
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Mamaliha Vasyl – Сandidate of Biology Sciences, Professor of the Department of Botany, Genetics and Plant Protection of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna St., 3. e-mail: stepanovich112@i.ua).

Buhayov Vasyl – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Staff Scientist, the Head of the Selection of Green Crops Department of Institute of Forage and Agriculture of Podillia NAAS of Ukraine (21100, Vinnytsia, Yunost Avenue, 16. e-mail: bugayovvd@ukr.net).

Horenskyi Vitalii – Сandidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Researcher of the Department of Fodder Crop Selection of the Institute of Fodder and Agriculture of Podolia NAAS of Ukraine (21100, Vinnytsia, Yunost Avenue, 16. e-mail: e-mail: gorenskij.vitalij@ukr.net).

Annotation

The study of collectible samples of alfalfa of different ecological and geographical origin on the harvest of dry matter and seeds against the background of increased acidity of soil solution (pH 5.20-5.53) made it possible to highlight the promising beyond these indicators samples that can be used in further breeding work.

Comparison of the height of alfalfa plants in the first slope and feed productivity in general for 2019 shows that there is no direct correlation between these values. For example, the Galaxie variety, which was itself visopory and exceeded the standard by 12cm, was only in fourth place for the dry crop, and the Olga and Media varieties, which exceeded the standard by 9cm, were only eighth and seventh in the dry material. However, for the selection of varieties that combine these two traits, donors may be samples that behind the harvest of dry matter and the height of plants for three years of research reliably exceeded the standard: Banat, Vavilovka (Rodnichok), Feraks 58, Galaxie and Ferax 28.

Not all samples form the maximum of green mass in the first slope, so there is no definite pattern between the height of plants in the first slope and the collection of dry matter for the entire growing season.

The highest yield of dry matter on average for three years of research was obtained from varieties Vavilovka (Rodnichok) (Ukraine) (1.42 kg/m2), Banat (Serbia) (1.36 kg/m2) and Posevnaya 3022 (Uzbekistan) (1.22 kg/m2) at the harvest of the Sinyuha-standard grade 1.08 kg/m2.

The best in seed productivity were samples of Jidrune (Lithuania) (31.9 g/m2), Feraks 58 (Canada) (29.9 g/m2), Tibet (Kazakhstan) (28.5 g/m2), Radoslawa (Ukraine) (28.2 g/m2), Kishvardi 27 (Hung.) (27.7 g/m2), Olga (26.5 g/m2) and Vavilovka (Rodnichok) (Ukraine) (26.2 g/m2) with a yield of standart of 23.5 g/m2.

Particular attention is paid to the variety Ferax 58 (Canada), which for all the years of research reliably exceeded the standard for seed harvest and was at the level of the standard or exceeded it in the yield of dry matter.

Further breeding work will use samples that reliably exceeded the standard for the average of three years of research for the collection of dry matter and the seed crop respectively: Ferax 58 (10% and 27%), Radoslawa (7% and 20%), Olga (11% and 13%), In addition, these samples exceeded the standard for plant sisoin in the first slope in 2019 by 31%, 11%, 8% and 55%, respectively.

Keywords: alfalfa sowing, selection, sample, variety, dry matter crop, seed harvest.

List of references

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2.Honcharov P.L., Lubenets P.A. (1985). Byolohycheskye aspektы vozdelыvanyia liutsernы. [Biological aspects of alfalfa cultivation]. Novosybyrsk: Nauka. [in Ukrainian].

3.Tereshchenko N.M. (1985). Sozdanye sortov liutsernы s vыsokoi semennoi produktyvnostiu v uslovyiakh yuha Ukraynы [Creation of alfalfa varieties with high seed productivity in southern Ukraine]. Avtoref. dys. dokt.s.-kh.nauk 06.01.05, Vsesoiuznыi selektsyonno-henetycheskyi instytut. Odessa. [in Ukrainian].

4.Zhuchenko A.A. (2000). Adaptyvnaia selektsyia rastenyi (Эkoloho-henetycheskye osnovы) [Adaptive plant breeding (Ecological and genetic basis)]. M.: Y-vo RUDN, 2000. Vols. 1. [in Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).