logo

Сільське господарство та лісівництво

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4 (15)

Published: 2019.12.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2019-3-4


Description:
Publications are devoted to the reserch of technological methods of cultivation of crops, preservation of soil fertility, through the cultivation of perennial grasses and legumes, alternatives to the marginal lands utilization, greening agricultural production, the use of selection indices for the identification of source material, reproduction.

Read about journal

STALK LODGING RESISTANCE OF CORN HYBRIDS DEPENDING ON THE PLANTING DATE

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2019-3-4-9
PDF Повернутись

Palamarchuk Vitalii  – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Plant Production, Selection and Bioenergetic cultures (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, е-mail: vd-palamarchuk@ukr.net).

Kolisnyk Oleh – Сandidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Botany, Genetics and Plant Protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).

 

 

Annotation

Purpose. To study the effect of the planting date on the number of the lodged stalks, place of stem breaking and productivity of corn hybrids of various maturity groups. Methods. Field, laboratory, statistical. Results. In the studies, three planting dates were studied, in particular, early date with the soil temperature regime (STR) at the seeding depth of + 8°С, mid date with STR – + 10°С and late date with STR – + 12°С for corn hybrids of different maturity groups (early group – Kharkivskyi 195MV, DКС 2870, DКС 2960, DКС 2949, DКС 2787, DКС 2971 (st), mid-early group – DКС 3476, DКС 3795, DКС 3472, DКС 3420, Pereiaslavskyi 230SV, DКС 3871 (st) and mid group – DК 391, DКС 3511, DК 440, DКС 4964, DКС 4626, DК 315 (st) and their effect on the productivity and number of the lodged stalks after a 15-day overripe in the field after full maturity of kernels. According to the research results, the number of lodged stalks in the group of early hybrids was 11.1%, in the group of mid-early hybrids – 9.0%, and in the group of mid hybrids – 6.2%. So that hybrids with a longer growing season had higher lodging resistance than early forms due to better developed mechanical tissue of the lower stem. A significant change in the number of the lodged stalks was observed in the maturity groups depending on the genetic features of the hybrid (factor B). Hence, over the years of research, in the group of early hybrids, the smallest number of the lodged stalks, was observed in such hybrids as DKC 2960 – 4.9% and DKC 2971 – 7.4%, in the group of mid-early hybrids – DKC 3476 – 4.6% and Pereiaslavskyi 230SV – 8.2%, and in the group of mid hybrids – DKC 4964 – 3.6%, DKC 4626 – 4.9%, DK 391 – 5.1% and DK 440 – 5.8%. The research results also established the effect of the planting date on the productivity and number of the lodged stalks in the studied corn hybrids. Thus, on average over three years, under early planting, the number of the lodged stalks in the group of early hybrids was 17.1%, in the group of mid-early hybrids – 14.3%, and in the group of mid hybrids – 10.4%, whereas when applying the second planting date the number of the lodged stalks was 10.5%, 7.3% and 6.1%, while under late planting date – 5.6%, 5.4% and 2.2%, respectively, for the early, mid-early and mid hybrid group of hybrids. Conclusions. Therefore, according to the research results it can be concluded that later planting date reduces both the total number of the lodged stalks (by 8.2-11.5%) compared with the early sowing and the number of plants that have lodged below the place of cob formation (by 6.6-9.9%). The smallest number of the lodged stalks (6.2%) was observed in the hybrids of the mid group of maturity compared to the mid-early group (9.0%) and early group (11.1%) of hybrids. The same was observed with the number of the plants that have lodged below the cob – 3.3%, 5.8% and 6.0%. There has been established the dependence between the yield and number of the lodged stalks depending on the planting time, so that the yield ranged within 8,4-9,4 t/ha in the group of early hybrids under early planting , 7.2-8.7 t/ha under mid one, 6.4-7.7 t/ha under late one, and the number of fall lodged stalks – 17.1%, 10.5% and 5.6% respectively under early planting, mid planting and late planting, in the mid-early group – 9.7-10.9 t/ha, under mid planting – 8.7-10.0 t/ha, late – 7.2-8.6 t/ha, and the number of the lodged stalks – 14.3%, 7.3 % and 5.4% and mid hybrids –11.5, 10.2 and 9.2 t/ha and 10.4, 6.1 and 2.2%, respectively. According to the factor analysis, it has been established that the planting date makes a significant contribution (17% of the total contribution) to the lodging resistance of plants of corn hybrids. The number of the lodged stalks varies considerably depending on the conditions of heat and moisture supply. An increase in the number of the lodged stalks was observed in 2012 (11.6%), compared to 2011 (10.8%) and 2013 (3.9%) due to the moisture deficiency during the growing season of corn that year.

 

Keywords: grain, corn, hybrid, number of lodged stalks, maturity group, planting date, yield.

List of references

1. Prokopenko O. M. (2016). Roslynnytstvo Ukrainy [Crop production of Ukraine]. Statystychnyi zbirnyk – Statistical yearbok.  Kyiv. [in Ukrainian].

2. Andriienko O., Andriienko A., Kuzmych V. (2017). Vydy ta prychyny vyliahannia kukurudzy – yak yim zapobihty [Types and causes of corn lodging – how to prevent them]. Propozytsiia – Рroposition, 4, 82-90. [in Ukrainian].

3. Palamarchuk V., Telekalo N. (2018). The effect of seed size and seeding depth on the components of maize yield structure. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 24. 5. 783-790. [in English].

4. Mazur V.A., Palamarchuk V.D., Polishchuk I.S., Palamarchuk O.D. (2017). Novitni ahrotekhnolohii u roslynnytstvi: Pidruchnyk. [Advanced agrotechnologies in crop production: Textbook]. Vinnytsia. [in Ukrainian].

5. Evtushenko Y. V., Gridnova N. M., Kurasov V. S. (1999). Kosvennyy metod otsenki kukuruzy na ustoychivost k poleganiyu [Indirect method of evaluation of corn lodging resistance] . Kukuruza i sorgo – Corn and Sorghum, 1, 2-4. [in Russian].

6. Zelenskiy M.A., Gora I.B. (1991). Vozdushnyye korni kak faktor ustoychivosti rasteniy k poleganiyu [Air roots as a factor of plant lodging resistance]. Vіsnik agrarnoї nauki – Bulletin of Agrarian Science, 10, 29-30. [in Ukrainian]

7. Palamarchuk V.D. (2006). Zalezhnist stiikosti do vyliahannia roslyn samozapylenykh linii kukurudzy vid morfolohichnykh oznak [Dependence of the lodging resistance  of   self-pollinated  corn  lines  on  the  morphological  characteristics].  Kormy i 

kormovyrobnytstvo. – Feeds and feed production.  Issue 57. 67-71. [in Ukrainian].

8. Palamarchuk V. D., Mazur V. A., Zozulia O. L. (2009). Kukurudza selektsiia ta vyroshchuvannia hibrydiv [Corn Selection and Growing of Hybrids]. Vinnytsia [in Ukrainian].

9. Zozulia O. L., Palamarchuk V. D. (2006). Otsinka vykhidnoho materialu kukurudzy pry selektsii na stiikist do vyliahannia [Estimation of the primary material of corn when breeding for lodging resistance]. Zbirnyk materialiv studentskoi naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii. – Collection of materials of the student's scientific-practical conference.  Vinnytsia [in Ukrainian].

10. Palamarchuk V. D., Mazur V. A. (2009). Vplyv tryvalosti fenolohichnykh faz na stiikist kukurudzy do vyliahannia [The effect of the duration of phenological phases on corn 

lodging resistance]. Visnyk Lvivskoho derzhavnoho ahrarnoho universytetu. Seriia „Ahronomiia”. – Visnyk of Lviv State Agrarian University. Agronomy series. 13, 358-362 [in Ukrainian].

11. Lebid Y.M., Tsykov V.S., Pashchenko Yu.M. et.al. (2008). Metodyka provedennia polovykh doslidiv z kukurudzoiu. Dnipropetrovsk [Methodology of conducting field experiments with corn]. Dnipropetrovask [in Ukrainian].

12. Vovkodav V.V. (2001). Metodyka derzhavnoho sortovyprobuvannia silskohospodarskykh kultur (zernovi, krupiani ta zernobobovi). [The method of state variety testing of agricultural crops (grain, cereals and leguminous plants)]. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

13. Melnyk S. (2016). Metodyka provedennia ekspertyzy sortiv roslyn hrupy zernovykh, krupianykh ta zernobobovykh na prydatnist do poshyrennia v Ukraini. (Ministerstvo ahrarnoi polityky ta prodovolstva Ukrainy. Ukrainskyi instytut ekspertyzy sortiv roslyn). [The method of expert examination of plant varieties of grains, cereals and legumes for suitability for distribution in Ukraine. (Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine, Ukrainian Institute of Plant Varieties Examination)]. [in Ukrainian].

14. Statistica 6 [Elektronnyi resurs]: Paket prohram dlia statystychnoho analizu danykh. 1 elektron, opt. dysk (CD-ROM). [Software package for statistical analysis of data. 1 electron, opt. CD (CD-ROM)]. [in Russian]

15. Drozdov V. I. (2013). Instruktsiya po ispolzovaniyu paketa Statistica 6.0. [Instructions for using Statistica 6.0.]. Kursk: Yugo-Zapadnyy gosudarstvennyy universitet. [in Russian].

rain, corn, hybrid, number of lodged stalks, maturity group, planting date, yield.

 

All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).