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Сільське господарство та лісівництво

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (18)

Published: 2020.11.29
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, адаптивній селекції, особливостей вирощування овочевих культур, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами, інтродукції декоративних рослин.

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SPECIFIC FEATURES OF FORMATION OF VINNYTSIA FOREST PARK PLANTATIONS RESISTANT TO RECREATIONAL LOADS

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3-13
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Matusiak Mikhailo – PhD of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor, Senior lecturer of the Department of Forestry, Landscape Gardening, Horticulture and Viticulture of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsya, Sonyachna st. 3, e-mail: mikhailo1988@gmail.com).

Annotation

The research conducted was to assess the characteristics of intraspecific and interspecific interaction of the dominant tree species in the forest-park plantations of Vinnytsia green zone, as well as to determine the priority taxation indicators of formation of forest stands with high competitive ability.As a result of the research it was found that the main indicators that directly affect the competitive properties of forest elements are the sanitary condition of forest plantations; the composition of the stand and its storey structure; the undergrowth and underwood availability; biological and ecological features of individual tree species; stand completeness; age of planting; type of forest vegetation conditions; specific features of microclimate and microrelief. The analysis of the sanitary condition of the trial areas shows that the degree of competitive ability of forest plantations with a high number of dead or damaged trees is much lower than that in plantations with better sanitary conditions. The dependence of the competitive ability and the stand growth intensity on its completeness and the type of forest-park landscape was also studied. Thus, closed types of stands are characterized by a high degree of competitiveness. In semi-open types of forest-park landscapes the rate of growth intensity is the highest. The competitive ability of trees in this type of landscape is quite low. After analyzing the temperature regime of different forest parks, it was found that in hot weather the ambient temperature in the forest park is much lower than the air temperature in the open area. Thus, in hot uncomfortable weather, the optimal type of forest for recreation is a closed type of landscape of vertical closure. The air temperature here can be significantly lower (up to 15˚C) compared to the open space, what creates suitable conditions for a comfortable rest. Analysis of the humidity of forest parks showed that under the cover of forest stands humidity is higher than in the open area, thus recommendations for choosing the type of forest landscape for recreation purposes depend on the initial humidity.

 

 

Keywords: recreation, forest parks, intraspecific interaction, forest park landscape, winter hardiness, temperature regime, light intensity, air humidity.

List of references

1.Kyryliuk S., Popkov M. (2000). Pro podil lisiv na hrupy ta katehorii zakhysnosti.[On the division of forests into groups and categories of protection]. Lisovyi ta myslyvskyi zhurnal – Forest and hunting magazine. № 6. 12-13 [in Ukrainian].

2.Kurylo O. V. (2003). Do problemy vprovadzhennia rubok formuvannia landshaftiv u lisoparkovykh chastynakh zelenykh zon mist [To the problem of introduction of fellings of formation of landscapes in forest park parts of green zones of cities]. Naukovyi visnyk Natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu   Scientific Bulletin of the National Agrarian University. K.: NAU.  Issue. 61.  47-54 [in Ukrainian].

3.Rodichkin I. D. (1968). Lisoparky Ukrainy [Forest parks of Ukraine]. K.: Budivelnyk. [in Ukrainian].

4.Svyrydenko V. Ye. (2003). Rekreatsiine lisivnytstvo [Recreational forestry]. K.: NAU.[in Ukrainian].

5.Tiulpanov N. M. (1975). Lesoparkovoe khoziaistvo [Forestry].  Yzd. 2-e, pererab. M.: Stroiyzdat. [in Russian].

6.Kucheryaviy V.P. (2005). Ozelenennya naselenih mіsts [Greening of settlements]. Lvіv: Svіt.[in Ukrainian].

7.Rubtsov L.I. (1964). Proektirovanie sadov i parkov [Designing gardens and parks].M.: Izd-vo lit. po stroitelstvu. [in Russian].

8.Normatyvno-spravochnue materyalu dlia taksatsyy lesov Ukraynu y Moldavyy. (1987).[Normative reference materials for taxation of forests of Ukraine and Moldova] Kyev: Urozhai. [in Russian].

9.Ploshchi probni lisovporiadni. (2006). Metod zakladannia [Square trial forest management. Method of laying]: SOU 02.02-37-476: 2006.  Chynnyi vid 2007-05-01].  K.: Minahropolityky Ukrainy –  Ministry of Agrarian Policy of Ukraine.    (Standart orhanizatsii Ukrainy) [in Ukrainian].

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).