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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1 (24)

Published: 2022.05.03
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2022-1


Description:
The issue of the magazine is devoted to the improvement of technological methods of growing crops. A special role is given to the influence of legumes on increasing soil fertility, ecology and environmental protection, methods of pest control and the introduction of ornamental plants and breeding

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SPECIES COMPOSITION OF SOY AGROCENOSE PESTS AND CONTROL OF THEIR NUMBER IN THE RIGHT BANK FOREST STEPPE

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2022-1-9
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Rudska Nina Oleksandrіvna– Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Botany, Genetics and Plant Protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: 3 e-mail: nina.rudska@gmail.com).

Annotation

The article presents the results of research to clarify the species composition of the harmful entomocomplex of soybean agrocenosis in the Right Bank Forest-Steppe.  It was found that the most harmful phytophagous were Etiella zinckenella Tr., Tetranychus urticae Koch. and bedbugs (Miridae). Six periods of development of soybean plants have been identified, which are associated with certain phytophagous complexes, three of which are critical when active protection measures are needed. Depending on the damage to various plant organs, soybean phytophages are conventionally divided into the following groups of pests: nodules, root system, leaves and stems and generative organs. The application of methods and effectiveness of modern chemical and biological drugs and their mixtures against the most dangerous species of arthropods are substantiated. According to the results of our research, we found that spraying soybean crops in the period of the beginning of the formation of beans against acacia fire is the most effective: Dragun, k.e. (1,2 l/ha), Decis f-Lux, 10% m.e. (0,25 l/ha) and a mixture of Dragoon, k.e. with Aktofit, k.e. (0,6 + 1,0 l/ha), the technical efficiency of which was 95,3 and 98,7% (above the standard Zolon, k.e. – 94,5%). At the same time, seed damage decreased by 4,2–5,6 times, and the preserved yield averaged 0,59–0,63 t/ha. Aktofit, k.e., was somewhat inferior in efficiency. (89,4%). When spraying soybean crops against common spider mites, the most effective were Dragun, k.e. (1,2 l/ha), Syntax (0,2 g/l) and a mixture of Syntax, g/l with Aktofit, k.e. Their technical efficiency was 95,2 and 99,7%, respectively (Zolon, k.e. – 87,9%). The saved yield was 0,55 and 0,66 t/ha.

 

Keywords: soybeans, pests, entomocomplex, harmfulness, insecticides, efficiency, yield.

List of references

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2.Pohorila L.H., Rudsʹka N.O (2018). Posivni yakosti nasinnya soyi zalezhno vid pohodnykh umov Pravoberezhnoho Lisostepu Ukrayiny [Sowing qualities of soybean seeds depending on weather conditions of the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine]. Zbirnyk naukovykh pratsʹ NNTS «Instytut zemlerobstva NAAN» – Collection of scientific works of NSC «Institute of Agriculture NAAS» Kyiv. №3. 61–69. [in Ukrainian].

3.Didur I.M., Tsyhansʹkyy V.I., Tsyhansʹka O.I. toshcho (2019). Vplyv systemy dobryv na produktyvnistʹ soyi v umovakh Pravoberezhnoho Lisostepu. [The effect of fertilizer system on soybean productivity in the conditions of right bank forest-steppe]. Ukrayinsʹkyy ekolohichnyy zhurnal – Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. 9 (1). 76–80. [in English].

4.Hpykyn O. A., Lobko B. M. (2010). Shkidlyva i kopycna fayna, bezkhrebetnykh ahpobiotsenozy coyevoho polya v Ukpaïni. [Harmful and useful fauna, invertebrates agbiobiocenoses coevogo field in Ukraine]. Mizhvidomchyy tematychnyy zbipnyk. Zaxyct i kapantyn poclyn – nterdepartmental thematic collection. Protect and quarantine. №46. C. 40. [in Ukrainian].

5.Cekyn M. P., Bepezovcʹka-Bpyhac B. B. (2013). Ocoblyvocti fopmyvannya ctpyktypy shkidlyvoï entomofayny ahpotsenozy coï y Pivnichnomy Ctepy Ukrayiny. [Peculiarities of the formation of the type of harmful entomophagous agnocenosis of the world in the Northern Steppe of Ukraine]. Haykovi dopovidi HUBiP Ukrayiny– Hayk's reports to HubiP1 (37) URL: http://www.nbuv.gov.ua/e-journals/Nd/2013_1/13smp.pdf [in Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019, 2020 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018, 2019, 2020 Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

The ICV for 2020 is visible on the full list of indexed journals at ICI Journals Master List 2020 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in Journal`s Passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=65401&lang=pl

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.