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Сільське господарство та лісівництво

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (18)

Published: 2020.11.29
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, адаптивній селекції, особливостей вирощування овочевих культур, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами, інтродукції декоративних рослин.

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SOIL MULCHING AS AN AGRICULTURAL METHOD FOR GROWING ZUCCHINI IN CONDITIONS OF RIGHT BANK FOREST-STEPPE

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3-9
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Palamarchuk Inna Ivanivna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of forestry, landscape gardeniing, horticulture and viticulture, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str.3, e-mail: pal_inna@vsau.vin.ua).

Annotation

It has been established that the mulching materials was carried out by influence on the biometric parameters of plants and the production of zucchini yield in the years of research. According to research results, the greatest length of stem in the flowering stage was observed in plants mulching soil with black agro-textile and plastic film, black perforated, varieties Zolotynka – and 63,6 – 61,3 cm, varieties Chaklun and 62,4 – 61,0 cm, where the increase relative to the control was 3,3–5,6 cm. The greatest number of leaves at flowering stage was observed in varieties Zolotynka for soil mulching with black agro-textile – 22,5 PCs/plant, black perforated polyethylene film – 24,0 PCs./plant, which is 4,8 – 6,3 PCs/plant more of the variant without mulch. The variety Chaklun, a significant difference was on the options for soil mulching with black agro-textile – 23,0 PCs/plant and black polyethylene film perforated to 23,5 PCs/plant, 5,4 and 5,9 PCs/plant more control.

An important indicator in evaluating biometric parameters of the zucchini is leaf area. The highest it has been for mulching the soil with black agrotextile and plastic film, black perforated, varieties Zolotynka to 6,8 and 7,1 thousand m2/ha, varieties the Sorcerer – 8,2 and 8,5 thousand m2/ha, of 0,7–1,0 and 0,8–1,1 thousand m2/ha more control. Large productivity on average was noted for mulching the soil with black agro-textile  and  plastic film, black perforated, varieties Zolotynka – of 49,7 and 53,3 t/ha, 7,3 and 10,9 t/ha more control. The variety Chaklun all the studied variants had significantly higher yields, but the highest it has been for mulching the soil with black Agro-textile and plastic film, black perforated – between 90,0 and 97,8 t/ha, respectively, and 20,2 to 28,0 t/ha more in comparison with the control. The greatest number of fruits was noted for mulching the soil with black agro-textile and plastic film black perforated : y grade Zolotynka – 14,7–14,6 PCs/plant, varieties the Chaklun of 26,6–29,8 per PCs/plant.  The highest fruit weight was observed in varieties Zolotynka for soil mulching with black agro-textile – 303 g, a polyethylene film, black perforated – 314 g sawdust and – 302 g, which is 15,0–27,0 g more control. The variety Chaklun large mass of the fetus had options for mulching the soil with black agro-textile – 305 g and black perforated polyethylene film – 319 g, which exceeded the control at 14-28 g. The diameter of the fruit greatly from the use of mulching materials did not change, but their use was noted a positive trend. So, for the sorts Zolotynka the diameter of the fruit for soil mulching with different materials grew by 0,1–0,3 cm, for a variety of Chaklun – 0,1-0,2 see.

 

Keywords: zucchini, variety, multi-valley material, biometrics, productivity.

List of references

1.Bondarenko H. L. (2001). Metodyka doslidnoi spravy v ovochivnytstvi i bashtannytstvi [Methodology of experimental work in vegetable and melon]. Kh.: Osnova. [in Ukrainian].

2.DSTU 318 91 (2010). Kabachki svezhie. Tehnicheskie usloviya: Vveden [The zucchini is fresh. Specifications]. 01.01.92. K: izd. ofitsialnoe. [in Ukrainian].

3.Kovalyov N. G. (1998). Selskohozyaystvennyie materialyi (vidyi, sostav, svoystva) [Agricultural materials (types, composition, properties)]. M.: IK «Rodik».  URL: http : // www.pimr.poznan.pl / biul / 2007_2_LSAZ.pdf. [in Russian].

4.Kurpenov B. K. Analiz sposobov i sredstv mulchirovaniya pochvyi [Analysis of ways and means of mulching the soil]. URL: http:// vestnik.kazntu.kz / files/newspapers/ 28 / 614 / 614.pdf [in Russian].

5.Olena Basanets 9 porad dlya efektivnogo zberezhennya ta vikoristannya vologi u GruntI. [9 tips for effective preservation and use of soil moisture]: URL: https: //superagronom.com/articles/49-9-porad-dlya-efektivnogo-zberejennya-ta-vikoristannya-vologi-u-grunti [in Ukrainian].

6.Palamarchuk I. I. (2018). Vpliv mulchuvannya gruntu na urozhaynist plodiv kabachka v umovah Lisostepu Pravoberezhnogo Ukrayini [The influence of mulching the soil on fruit yield of zucchini in the conditions of forest-Steppe of right-Bank Ukraine]. Visnik Lvivskogo natsionalnogo agrarnogo universitetu – Bulletin of Lviv national agrarian University, 22 (2). 74-78 [in Ukrainian].

7.Palamarchuk I. I. (2013). Efektivnist zastosuvannya vodoutrimuyuchih granul Akvod pri viroschuvanni kabachka za mulchuvannya Gruntu v Pravoberezhnomu Lisostepu Ukrayini [The efficacy of podotremata granules Aquad when growing squash for soil mulching in the right Bank forest-steppe of Ukraine]. Zbirnik naukovih prats «Naukovi dopovidi NUBIP Ukrayini» – Collection of scientific papers "Scientific reports, NULESU". [in Ukrainian].

8.Palamarchuk I. I. (2013). ProduktivnIst ta dinamika plodonoshennya kabachka za mulchuvannya Gruntu v umovah Pravoberezhnogo Lisostepu [Productivity and dynamics of zucchini fruit-bearing for soil mulching in the right Bank forest-Steppe conditions]. Mizhvidomchiy tematichniy naukoviy zbirnik. Institut ovochivnitstva i bashtannitstva – Interdepartmental thematic research collection. Institute of vegetables and melons. 59. 226–234 [in Ukrainian].

9.Palamarchuk I.I. (2018). Formuvannya vrozhayu plodiv kabachka zalezhno vid mulchuvannya gruntu v umovah Lisostepu Pravoberezhnogo Ukrayini [The formation of the fruit yield of zucchini depending on the mulching of the soil under conditions of forest-Steppe of right-Bank Ukraine]. Zbirnik tez Vseukrayinskoyi naukovo-praktichnoyi konferentsiyi «Organichne agrovirobnitstvo: osvita i nauka.». NMTs «Agroosvita» – Abstracts of Ukrainian scientific-practical conference "Organic agriculture: science and education.". Nmts "Agrosvit", 71-74 [in Ukrainian].

10.Saikia S., Saikia A., Shadeque A., Gogoi S. (1997). Field performance of okra as influenced by low density plastic mulches.  Ann of Biol. 13 (2). 253–257 [in English].

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).