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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (22)

Published: 2021.10.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-3


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено удосконаленню технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу зернобобових культур на підвищення родючості грунту, селекції бобових, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами та інтродукції декоративних рослин.

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RESEARCH OF INNOVATIONS IN FEED PRODUCTION - PANNONICA PEAS (VICIA PANNONICA СRANTZ)

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-3-4
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Hetman Nadiia Yakivna –  Doctor of Agricultural Sciences of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, Associate Professor at the Department of Plant Production, Crop Breeding and Bioenergy Crops (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna St.3,e-mail: nadia.getman52@gmail.com).

Annotation

Indicators of productivity of a mixture of Lathyrus pannonicus with Triticosecale, as an innovative product in fodder production, have been introduced. Observations have shown that in the interphase period from full sprouting-budding of Lathyrus pannonicus Triticosecale were in the phase of full earing. According to the average daily increase in green mass, a variant was noted in which 75% of Triticosecale (115.2 kg / ha) and 50% of Lathyrus pannonicus (65.2 kg / ha per day) were sown. In Lathyrus pannonicus with different sowing rates, the average daily yield increase decreased to 55.8–59.4 kg / ha against the background of N45P45K45, and for the dose of mineral fertilizers N30P30K30 it was 44.5–49.2 kg / ha. As the dominant crop of the phytocenosis, Triticosecale has the same tendency, where the growth, respectively, reached 107.0–112.8 and 95.7–101.9 kg / ha per day. It was found that option 6 dominated in the yield of green mass, which provided 46.2 and 8.77 t / ha of dry matter with a seeding rate ratio of 75: 50% against the background of mineral fertilizers N45P45K45. The increase in the yield of green mass was by 10.8 and 12.0% of dry matter for option 3 (50: 50%), as well as by 16.7 and 11.0%, respectively, compared to the background N30P30K30. Lathyrus pannonicus provided single-species sowing 17.72-21.35%. The indicators of the chemical composition of Lathyrus pannonicus changed when grown in a mixture with Triticosecale. With the maximum dose of mineral fertilizers and a ratio of seeding rates of 50: 50%, it was 20.15%, or increased by 2.79% than against the background of N30P30K30, or was lower than single-species sowing by 1.20%. Fluctuations in crude protein content between seeding rates and fertilizers were 0.16–1.11 and 2.42–3.29%, respectively. The content of crude fiber in mono-sowing of peas was 26.09–27.72%, and in binary mixtures it increased by 2.20–2.63%. Depending on the studied, the proportion of crude fiber decreased from 3.35 to 26.78%. The total percentage of crude protein in dry matter was caused by the proportion of Lathyrus pannonicus and Triticosecale in the botanical composition. With the application of mineral fertilizers in a dose of N45P45K45, the content of crude protein in var.6 was 14.69%, which is explained by the high percentage   of the   cereal  component in the herbage and the low content of crude protein. By means of exchange experiments, the high digestibility of plant raw materials of a mixture of Triticosecale with Lathyrus pannonicus was determined.

 

Keywords: Lathyrus pannonicus, Triticosecale, fertilizers, sowing rate, yield, crude protein, crude fiber.

List of references

1.Veklenko Yu.A., Didur I.M. (2016). Sumishky` goroshku pannons`kogo  iz try`ty`kale ozy`my`m  – innovaciya dlya stabil`nogo kormovy`robny`cztva [Mixtures of Pannonian peas with winter triticale are an innovation for stable fodder production]. Materialy` mizhnar. nauk. konf. «2016: Zernobobovi kul`tury` ta soya dlya stalogo rozvy`tku agrarnogo vy`robny`cztva Ukrayiny`». Vinny`cya. 11-12 serpnya. 87-89. [in Ukrainian].

2.Zhukov V.P., Ly`xach S.M., Gonchar L.O. (2016). Pozhy`vna cinnist` sy`losu sumishok vy`ky` pannons`koyi z ozy`my`my` zlakovy`my` kul`turamy`[The nutritional value of silage is a mixture of Pannonian vetch with winter cereals]. Materialy` mizhnar. nauk. konf. «2016: Zernobobovi kul`tury` ta soya dlya stalogo rozvy`tku agrarnogo vy`robny`cztva Ukrayiny`». Vinny`cya. 11-12 serpnya, 150-151. [in Ukrainian].

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7.Lithourgidis A.S., Vasilakoglou I.B., Dhima K.V., Dordas C.A. (2006). Forage yield and quality of common vetch mixtures with oat and triticale in two seeding ratios. Field Crops Research. 99. 106-113. [In English].

8.Guido Haas, Heike Brand and Mirea Puente de la Vega. (2007). Nitrogen from hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth) as winter green manure for white cabbage in organic horticulture. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture. Vol. 25, P. 37-53. [In English].

9.Khoshnood Alizadeh, and Jaime A. (2013). Teixeira da Silva. Mixed cropping of annual feed legumes with barley improves feed quantity and crude protein content under dry-land conditions. Maejo Int. J. Sci. Technol. 7 (01). 42-47. [In English].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019, 2020 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018, 2019, 2020 Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

The ICV for 2020 is visible on the full list of indexed journals at ICI Journals Master List 2020 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in Journal`s Passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=65401&lang=pl

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.