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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (22)

Published: 2021.10.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-3


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено удосконаленню технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу зернобобових культур на підвищення родючості грунту, селекції бобових, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами та інтродукції декоративних рослин.

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PRODUCTIVITY OF SUNFLOWER HYBRIDS DEPENDING ON THE ELEMENTS OF THE GROWING TECHNOLOGY

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-3-3
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Palamarchuk Vitalii Dmytrovych – Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of plant production, selection and bioenergetic cultures Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Sonyachna st., 3 email: vd-palamarchuk@ukr.net).

Pidlubnyi Vladyslav Fyodorovych – Assistant of the Department of Computer Science and Economic Cybernetics, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, 3 Sonyachna Street, email: vladpodlubny@gmail.com).

Annotation

The article deals with the solution of significant scientific issues - increasing the yield of sunflower hybrids by optimizing the basic elements of cultivation technology. The research was conducted in the period of 2018-2019 and 2019-2020 in the experimental field of VNAU on the basis of SRF “Agronomichne”, which is located in the village of Agronomichne, Vinnytsia region. Researches devoted to the effects of foliar fertilization invastigated two hybrids of sunflower of the middle-early maturity group: Bosphor and Sanai MR, the study of the impact of sowing dates and the system of basic tillage early-ripe Antey, medium-early NA sumo 2017 and medium-ripe Tutti. The soil in the experimental plot is gray forest medium loam. According to the results of measurements, the shift of sowing dates towards later years in the conditions of research caused a decrease in plant height (by 4.0-18.0 cm) of all studied forms, in comparison with the early sowing period. As for the location on the stem of the basket, mostly all plants they leaned down, except for plants of the hybrid Antey in late sowing and NA sumo 2017 - in the second, in which the baskets were located at an angle of 45oC to the soil surface. During the harvest in all variants, the seeds from the baskets were threshed very well. The largest diameter of the basket was formed in hybrids Antey, NS sumo 2017 and Tutti for sowing in the second term (April 29 - May 5 at a soil temperature of + 10-12 ° C) and was, respectively, 16.4; 16.3 and 16.5 cm. In the hybrid NS sumo 2017 this figure was almost the same for both the first and second sowing dates - 16.3 and 16.2 cm. The weight of 1000 grains and the weight of seeds from one basket was the largest (39.6- 53.5 g) in all studied hybrids during the first sowing period. However, the number of seeds in the basket varied over time depending on the hybrid. Thus, the largest number of seeds in the basket was in the hybrid Antey for sowing in the second term – 1255 pcs., Hybrid NS sumo 2017 – in the third term (1593 pcs.) And hybrid Tutti - for sowing in the first term (1257 pcs.). The highest yield of hybrids Antey, NS sumo 2017, Tutti was obtained for sowing in the early period (April 18-22) – respectively 3.54 t / ha, 3.31 t / ha, 3.50 t / ha. Implementation of foliar fertilization with microfertilizer Avangard R Sunflower in the phase of 6-8 pairs of sunflower leaves promotes productivity in the hybrid Bosphorus – 3.08 and Sanai MR - 2.99 t / ha, which is 12.43 and 11.17% more than in the control. The highest yield was established, on average for two years, was for board tillage - early-maturing hybrid Antey – 2.72 t / ha, medium-early sumo 2017 - 2.79 t / ha and medium-ripe Tutti – 3.05 t / ha, which by 0.32 t / ha, 0.19 and 0.24 t / ha, respectively, exceeded the yield of the experiment with surface treatment. With flat cultivation, the yield of sunflower hybrids averaged over two years - early ripening Antey - 2.58 t / ha, medium-early sumo 2017 - 2.63 t / ha and medium-ripe Tutti - 2.87 t / ha. Concerning the oil content depending on the sowing date, it should be noted that the highest oil content was observed in the studied hybrids Antey (49.3%) and Tutti (50.3%) when using the second sowing period April 29 – May 5 -12 ° C)), and in the hybrid NS sumo 2017 the highest oil content was observed when applying the early sowing period (I - April 18-22 (+ 6-8 ° C) - 50.2%. Seed husk was the highest in the hybrid Tutti - 22.05-23.25%, the smallest in the precocious hybrid Antey - 20.55-21.65%, and the smallest in the hybrid NS sumo 2017 - 20.50-21.65%. Sowing dates did not significantly affect the seed husk by years of research in all hybrids.

Keywords: sunflower, productivity, oil, husk, sowing dates, main tillage, nutrients, achenes.

List of references

1. Palamarchuk V.D., Polishchuk I.S., Kalenska S.M., Yermakova L.M. (2013). Biolohiia ta ekolohiia silskohospodarskykh roslyn: Pidruchnyk. [Biology and ecology of agricultural plants: Textbook]. Vinnytsia [in Ukrainian].

2. Mazur V.A., Palamarchuk V.D., Polishchuk I.S., Palamarchuk O.D. (2017). Novitni ahrotekhnolohii u roslynnytstvi: Pidruchnyk [The latest agricultural technologies in crop production: Textbook]. Vinnytsia. [in Ukrainian].

3. Palamarchuk V.D., Klymchuk O.V., Polishchuk I.S., Kolisnyk O.M., Borivskyi A.F. (2010). Ekoloho-biolohichni ta tekhnolohichni pryntsypy vyroshchuvannia polovykh kultur: Navchalnyi posibnyk [Ecological, biological and technological principles of growing field crops: Textbook]. Vinnytsia. [in Ukrainian].

4. Vasilev D.S. (1990). Podsolnechnik. [Sunflower]. M.: Agpromizdat. [in Russian].

5. Nasinnytstvo soniashnyka. Naukovo-metodychne vydannia (2003). [Sleepyhead's infestation. Scientifically methodical vision]. Za red. V.I.Soroky., P.K. Pasichnyka, M.M. Havryliuka, V.V. Kyrychenka i in. X.: Mahda LTD. [in Ukrainian].

6. Alimov D.M., Shelestov Yu.V. (1995). Tekhnolohiia vyroshchuvannia produktsii roslynnytstva. [Technology of growing crop products]. K.: Vyshcha shkola. [in Ukrainian].

7. Palamarchuk V.D. (2020). Pozakorenevi pidzhyvlennia u suchasnykh tekhnolohiiakh vyroshchuvannia hibrydiv soniashnyku [Foliar feeding in modern technologies for growing sunflower hybrids]. Ahrobiolohiia – Agrobiology. 1(157), 137-144. [in Ukrainian].

8. Protsenko V.I. (2000). Soniashnyk. Selektsiia, nasinnytstvo ta tekhnolohiia vyroshchuvannia. Monohrafiia. [Sunflower. Breeding, seed production and cultivation technology. Monograph]. Sumy: Universytetska knyha. [in Ukrainian].

9. Poliakov Ya.K. (1990). Vyroshchuvannia soniashnyka [Growing sunflowers]. Khliborob Ukrainy − Farmer of Ukraine. 7. Р. 23-24. [in Ukrainian].

10. Rozhkov O.A. ta in. (2016). Doslidna sprava v ahronomii: navchalnyi posibnyk [Research in agronomy: a textbook]. Kh.: Maidan. Knyha 1. [in Ukrainian].

11. Rozhkov A.O. ta in. (2016). Doslidna sprava v ahronomii knyha druha: Statystychna obrobka rezultativ ahronomichnykh doslidzhen: navchalnyi posibnyk [Research in agronomy book two: Statistical processing of agronomic research results: a textbook]. Kh. Knyha 2. [in Ukrainian].

12.Metodyka derzhavnoho sortovyprobuvannia silskohospodarskykh kultur (2002). [Methods of state variety testing of crops]. Za red. V. V. Volkodava. K.: Derzhavna komisiia Ukrainy po vyprobuvanniu ta okhoroni sortiv roslyn. [in Ukrainian].

13.Moiseichenko V.F., Yeshchenko V.O. (1994). Osnovy naukovykh doslidzhen v ahronomii [Fundamentals of scientific research in agronomy]. K.: Vyshcha shkola. [in Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.