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space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4 (15)

Published: 2019.12.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2019-3-4


Description:
Publications are devoted to the reserch of technological methods of cultivation of crops, preservation of soil fertility, through the cultivation of perennial grasses and legumes, alternatives to the marginal lands utilization, greening agricultural production, the use of selection indices for the identification of source material, reproduction.

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PLASTICITY AND STABILITY OF LEGUMINOUS CROPS ACCORDING TO ECONOMICALLY VALUABLE TRAITS AND SELECTION INDICES

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2019-3-4-10
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Mazur Oleksandr  – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Plant Production, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: selection@vsau.vin.ua).

Mazur Olena – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Аssistant of the Department of Plant Growing, Breeding and Bioenergetic Cultures, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).

 

Annotation

Creating modern competitive varieties of crops requires a breeder combination in one genotype of high genetic potential with a favorable response rate to environmental conditions.  The high variability of traits, due to the diversity of genotypes, indicates the possibility of their change in the desired direction at different stages of the breeding process.

The varieties of common beans were distinguished by the number of productive nodes,i.e. UD0302642 – 5.2 pcs., UD0302683 – 4.8 pcs., UD0303533 – 4.75 pcs.  These regression coefficients were classified as highly plastic – (bi> 1).  The highest indexes of the selection index (seed weight / number of beans per plant) were obtained from the common bean varieties, i.e. UD0300658 – 0.8, UD0302746 – 0.69, UD0302256 and UD0300565 – 0.62.  These varieties belong to different genotypes in response to hydrothermal regime change.  The highest indexes of selection index (seed weight / number of seeds per plant) provided varieties of common beans, which were characterized by high response to the improvement of hydrothermal regime, UD0300658 – 0.27, UD0300232 – 0.21 and UD0302256 – 0.2.

The number of productive nodes is an important feature that determines the grain productivity of soybean varieties, the number of productive units determines the number of beans and seeds per plant. According to the number of productive nodes on the plant, soybean variety samples were distinguished, i.e. UD0202563 – 14.0 pcs., UD0200983 –  13.6 pcs., UD0202201 –  13.6 pcs., UD0202529 –  13.6 pcs. The high number of seeds on the plant, as well as the number of beans, provided varieties of soybeans, which were highly plastic in response to the improvement of the hydrothermal regime and conservative to change agrophone cultivation.  The high-plastic varieties included UD0202201, UD0202563, UD0202566. Conservative agrophone replacement cultivation included UD0200983 and UD0202529.  Higher grain productivity was provided by soybean varieties: UD0202566 – 5.6 g, UD0202201 –  5.5 g, UD0202557 –  5.4 g, UD0202529 – 5.4 g. These varieties according to the parameters of adaptability and stability were treated as highly plastic UD0202566,  UD0202201, UD0202557, so with a conservative reaction to the change in cultivation agrophone –  UD0202529.

 

Key words: varieties of beans, soybeans, adaptability parameters, plasticity coefficient, agronomic stability, stability variant.

 

 

Keywords: varieties of beans, soybeans, adaptability parameters, plasticity coefficient, agronomic stability, stability variant.

List of references

1.Kuzmina S.P., Kazyidub N.G., Demyanenko K.A., Burlakov A.A. (2016) Ekologicheskaya plastichnost kollektsionnyih obraztsov nuta v yuzhnoy Lesostepi Omskoy oblasti. [Ecological plasticity of chickpea collection samples in the southern forest-steppe of Omsk region].  Mezhdunarodnyiy nauchno-issledovatelskiy zhurnal – International research journal. 3 (45). Ch. 3. S. 102–105 URL: DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2016.45.143. [in Russian].

2.Dyakov A.B., Vasyleva T. A. (2007). Byometrycheskye ocenky adaptyvnosty sortov soy [Biometric evaluation of adaptability of soybean varieties].  Maslychnye kultury : nauchno-texnycheskyj byul – Oilseeds: scientific and technical bulletin.  VNYYMK. Issue. 1 (136). 31-41. [in Russian].

3.Lytun P. P., Shevchenko M. V., Subota G. M. (1982). Plastichnost genotipov v ekologicheskih opyitah prostoy struktury [Plasticity of genotypes in ecological experiments simple structure]. Selekcyya y semenovodstvo – Breeding and seed production. Kyiv : Urozhaj  Issue. 50. 11-15. [in Russian].

4.Vavylov N. Y. (1965). Problema y sxodnogo materyala : y zbrannыe trudы v 5-ty t. Problema ishodnogo materiala [The problem is the source material]: M–L., 1965. Vol. 5. [in Russian].

5.Petrenkova V.P., Sokol T.V., Luchna I.S. (2013). Teoretychni osnovy selekciyi zernobobovyx kultur na stijkist do shkidlyvyx organizmiv [Theoretical foundations of breeding legumes for resistance to pests].  NAAN, In-t roslynnycztva im. V.Ya. Yuryeva. Kharkiv: Kolegium [in Ukrainian].

6.Monarx V.V., Gorodyska I.M., Lishhuk A.M., Chub A.O. (2018). Osoblyvosti organichnogo nasinnycztva soyi v konteksti yevrointegraciyi Ukrayiny [Features of the organic seed production of soybean in the context of European integration of Ukraine]. Zbirnyk naukovyx pracz. Silske gospodarstvo ta lisivnycztvo – Collection of scientific works. Agriculture and forestry. 2018.  9.  89-101 [in Ukrainian].

7.Kobyzyeva L.N. (2016). Metodychni rekomendaciyi z vyvchennya genetychnyx resursiv zernobobovyx kultur [Methodical recommendations for studying genetic resources of leguminous plants]. NAAN, Instytut roslynnycztva im. V.Ya. Yuryeva. Kharkiv: Stil-Izdat. [in Ukrainian].

8.Eberhart S. A., Russel W. A. (1966). Stability parameters for comparing varieties. Crop Sci. Vol. 6, 1, 34-40. [in English].

9.Xangyldyn V. V., Lytvynenko N. A. (1981). Gomeostatychnost y adaptyvnost sortov ozymoj pshenyczy [Homeostasis and adaptability of winter wheat varieties]. scientific and technical. bullet VSGI]. Nauchn.-texn. byul. VSGY. – Scientific and technical. bullet VSGI. Issue 39, 8-14.  [in Russian].

10.Sichkar V.I., Lavrova G.D., Ganzhelo O.I. (2014). Urozhajnist i yakist nasinnya shyrokoadaptovanyx sortiv soyi [Seed yield and quality of widely adapted soybean varieties]. Zb. nauk. pr. Selekcijno-genetychnogo instytutu – Collection ofscientific works of the Breeding and Genetic Institute. Issue. 23. 72-87. [in Ukrainian].

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).