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space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4 (19)

Published: 2020.12.31
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-4


Description:
The issue of the journal deals with the study of optimization of technological methods of growing crops using of drugs of biological origin. A special role is given to the influence of perennial grasses on the improvement of soil fertility, ecological-adaptive selection, peculiarities of vegetable growing, ecology and environmental protection, introduction of ornamental plants.

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PHOTOSYNTHETIC ACTIVITY OF VEGETABLE PEAS DEPENDING ON VARIETY FEATURES, LIMITATION OF SOIL AND NUTRITIONAL SYSTEM

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-4-4
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Didur Ihor – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor, leading researcher, Dean of the Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, didurihor@gmail.com).

Mostovenko Voldemar – postgraduate student of the Soil Management, Soil Science and Agrochemistry Department, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).

 

Annotation

It is known that the growth and development of plants, including vegetable peas, depend on the presence and assimilation of nutrients by plants from the soil and their photosynthesis.  With the deterioration of the stages of the process of one of the components changes the passage and functions of the other, which are one whole process of plant nutrition. Conducting the research, on average, during the period of full germination-technical maturity in the control variant with the application of mineral fertilizers N30P60K60, and pre-sowing treatment of seeds with rhizotorphin photosynthetic potential in pea varieties Skinado and Somerwood was 2.039 and 2.254 million m2 / day.  While pre-sowing treatment of seeds with microfertilizer Vuxal Extra CoMo against the background of mineral fertilizers N30P60K60 and pre-sowing treatment of seeds with Rhizobophit in pea varieties Skinado and Somerwood compared to the control photosynthetic potential increased by 0.472 and 0.530 million m² di. The maximum indicators of photosynthetic potential in the varieties Skinado - 3,078 and Somerwood - 3,427 million m² days / ha were obtained on the variant of the experiment, where liming was carried out (1.0 norms per hectare) against the background of mineral fertilizers N30P60K60 and pre-sowing seed treatment  Rhizobophit and microfertilizer Vuxal Extra CoMo and applied foliar fertilization with microfertilizers Vuxal Microplant during vegetative growth and Vuxal Calcium, Boron  during  budding.   Depending on liming and foliar feeding the  increase in dry matter reaches its maximum in the phase of technical maturity This is 1.020 and 1.173 million m² / day more than in the control.  In the same variant, the maximum rates of dry matter growth were observed in Skinado varieties - 6.23 and Somerwood - 7.39 t / ha, which is 1.42 and 1.43 t / ha more than in the control.

 

Keywords: vegetable peas, variety, rhizobophit, foliar feeding.

List of references

1.Stryhun V.M., Stryhun L.V. (2014).  Novi  sorty horokhu ovochevoho dlia konservnoi promyslovosti [New varieties of vegetable peas for canning industry].  Bioresursy i pryrodokorystuvannia – Bioresources and nature management.  Vols 6. 1-2. 54-57. [in Ukrainian].

2.Almatova V.S., Hamaiunova V.V., Onyshchenko S.O. (2007). Vplyv mikroelementiv ta ryzotorfinu na produktyvnist horokhu ovochevoho v umovakh Khersonskoi oblasti [Effect of micronutrients and risotrfina on the productivity of vegetable peas in the conditions of the Kherson region]. Tavriiskyi naukovyi visnyk – Taurian Scientific Bulletin. Issue. 49.  18-21. [in Ukrainian].

3.Didur I. M. (2011). Vplyv  vapnuvannia ta pozakorenevykh pidzhyvlen na urozhainist ta yakist zerna horokhu v umovakh Lisostepu Pravoberezhnoho [Influence of liming and foliar nutrition on the yield and quality of pea grains in the conditions of the Forest-steppe of the Pravoberezhny]. Kormy i kormovyrobnytstvo – Forage and feed production. Issue. 70. 86-93. [in Ukrainian].

4.Overchenko B. (2001). Vyroshchuite horokh! Prote ne vsiudy… [Grow Peas! However, not everywhere]. Propozytsiia – Offer.  3.  45-46. [in Ukrainian].

5.Paty`ka V.P., Tarariko Yu.O., Mel`ny`chuk L.M. ta in (2001). Kompleksne zastosuvannya biopreparativ na osnovi azotfiksuyuchy`x, fosformobilizuyuchy`x mikroorganizmiv, fiziologichno akty`vny`x rechovy`n i biologichny`x zasobiv zaxy`stu rosly`n : rekomendaciyi [Complex application of biologicals based on nitrogen-fixing, phosphorus-mobilizing microorganisms, physiologically active substances and biological plant protection products: recommendations]. Ky`yiv : Agrarna nauka. [in Ukrainian].

6.Krableva O. (2003). Gorox [Peas]. Ogorodny`k  − The gardener. №11.  28 [in Ukrainian].

7.Almashova A.S., Hamaiunova V.V.  (2007). Ahroekolohichni aspekty okremykh pryiomiv vyroshchuvannia horokhu ovochevoho  na pivdni Ukrainy [Agro-ecological aspects of separate methods of growing vegetable peas in the south of Ukraine]. Visnyk ahrarnoi nauky Prychornomoria – Bulletin of agrarian science of the Black Sea region. Issue 2. 246-251. [in Ukrainian].

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the Index Copernicus evaluation process positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?  Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.