OPTIMIZATION OF THE SUNFLOWER FERTILIZATION SYSTEM BASED ON THE USE OF MODERN MICROBIOLOGICAL FERTILIZERS
Tsyhanskyi Viacheslav – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior lecturer of the Department of of Plant Production, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).
In current conditions of agricultural production with intensive technologies of growing crops, fertilizer is one of the most expensive elements of agricultural machinery, as experienced agricultural experts say that the food system should be optimized. In recent years, biological preparations of various action mechanisms are in increasing demand among farmers. Particular attention is paid to mycorrhizal biopreparations, one of which is "Mykofriend" and preparations based on phosphorus and potassium mobilizing bacteria "Groundfix". Preparations stimulate the development of beneficial soil microorganisms, help preserve and increase soil fertility, activate its suppression against phytopathogens, improve productivity in crop yields, including sunflower. This article presents important aspects of the technology of growing sunflower with a variety of applications of biological origin, which optimize the process of plant nutrition through better use of mineral elements and improve growth processes. New perspective biological preparations, manufactured by BTU Center, for pre-sowing seed treatment and soil application were studied. It was found out that the treatment of seeds with mycorrhizal drug Mycofriend with the rate of 4 l / t and when applying pre-sowing cultivation of biological fertilizer Graunfix at a rate of 8 l / ha contributed to the formation of the best conditions for plant growth and development, and as a consequence of the best productivity parameters. In this variant, the maximum plant height of 189.3 cm, leaf surface area of 30.9 thousand m2 / ha (flowering phase), dry matter yield in the ripening phase of 5.28 t / ha, basket diameter of 23.1 cm, weight of 1000 seeds is 49.6 g and seed yield is 2.84 t / ha.
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Topics of the Journal:
Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:
Plant production, current state and prospects for development.
Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.
Feed production, current state and prospects for development.
Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.
Protection of plants.
Soil managment and soil quality improvement.
Forestry and gardening.
Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.
Ecology and environmental protection.
Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.
Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.
Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.
Directions and efficiency of crop production
Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.
Production of renewable energy from biological resources.
Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.
Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.
Horticulture and viticulture.
Processing and storage of crop products.
Beekeeping, current status and development trends.
Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.
Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.
Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.
The young scientist opinion.
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).
Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry". (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.
The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the Index Copernicus evaluation process positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018 (international citation database). Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018. ICV for 2018 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details? Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401; https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.