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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4 (19)

Published: 2020.12.31
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-4


Description:
The issue of the journal deals with the study of optimization of technological methods of growing crops using of drugs of biological origin. A special role is given to the influence of perennial grasses on the improvement of soil fertility, ecological-adaptive selection, peculiarities of vegetable growing, ecology and environmental protection, introduction of ornamental plants.

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OPTIMIZATION OF THE SUNFLOWER FERTILIZATION SYSTEM BASED ON THE USE OF MODERN MICROBIOLOGICAL FERTILIZERS

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-4-6
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Tsyhanskyi Viacheslav – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior lecturer of the Department of of Plant Production, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).

Annotation

In current conditions of agricultural production with intensive technologies of growing crops, fertilizer is one of the most expensive elements of agricultural machinery, as experienced agricultural experts say that the food system should be optimized. In recent years, biological preparations of various action mechanisms are in increasing demand among farmers. Particular attention is paid to mycorrhizal biopreparations, one of which is "Mykofriend" and preparations based on phosphorus and potassium mobilizing bacteria "Groundfix". Preparations stimulate the development of beneficial soil microorganisms, help preserve and increase soil fertility, activate its suppression against phytopathogens, improve productivity in crop yields, including sunflower. This article presents important aspects of the technology of growing sunflower with a variety of applications of biological origin, which optimize the process of plant nutrition through better use of mineral elements and improve growth processes. New perspective biological preparations, manufactured by BTU Center, for pre-sowing seed treatment and soil application were studied. It was found out that the treatment of seeds with mycorrhizal drug Mycofriend with the rate of 4 l / t and when applying pre-sowing cultivation of biological fertilizer Graunfix at a rate of 8 l / ha contributed to the formation of the best conditions for plant growth and  development,  and  as  a consequence of the best  productivity parameters. In  this  variant,  the  maximum  plant  height  of  189.3 cm,  leaf surface area of 30.9 thousand m2 / ha  (flowering phase),  dry  matter  yield  in the ripening phase of 5.28 t / ha, basket diameter of 23.1 cm, weight of 1000 seeds is 49.6 g and seed yield is 2.84 t / ha.

 

Keywords: sunflower, fertilizer system, biological fertilizers, productivity, mobilizing bacteria

List of references

1.Masliak A.M. (2017). Urozhainist soniashnyku v Ukraini [Sunflower yield in Ukraine]. Propozytsiia- Offer. № 6. 12–15. [In Ukraine].

2.Kobets M.I. (2003). Ekoloho-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho zemlekorystuvannia [Ecological and economic problems of modern land use.]. Visnyk SNAU – SNAU Bulletin. № 2. 213– 218. [In Ukraine].

3.Tsytsiura Y.H. (2018). Formuvannia zernovoi produktyvnosti soniashnyka zalezhno vid zastosuvannia mikrobiolohichnoho dobryva Hraundfiks v umovakh Lisostepu pravoberezhnoho Ukrainy [Formation of grain productivity of sunflower depending on application of microbiological fertilizer Groundfix in the conditions of Forest-steppe  of  right-bank   Ukraine].   Zbirnyk   naukovykh   prats  Vinnytskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu (Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo) – Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (Agriculture and forestry).  № 8.  62-73. [In Ukraine].

4.Tkalenko H. (2015). Suchasni ahrotekhnolohii iz zastosuvannia biopreparativ ta rehuliatoriv rostu [Modern agrotechnologies for the  use  of biological  products and growth regulators]. Spetsvypusk zhurnalu Propozytsiia − Special issue of the magazine Offer. № 1.  2-15. [In Ukraine].

5.Dospekhov B. A. (1985). Metodyka polevoho oputa [Methods of field experience]. M. Ahropromyzdat. [in Russian].

6.Pokoptseva L. (2011). Rehuliatory rostu dlia soniashnyku[Growth regulators for sunflower]. The ukrainian Farmer. Kyiv. TOV «AHP Media». № 2. 28-29. [In Ukraine].

7.Sendetskyi V.M. (2017). Vplyv rehuliatoriv rostu na vrozhainist soniashnyku za vyroshchuvannia v umovakh Lisostepu Zakhidnoho [Influence of growth regulators on sunflower yield during cultivation in Western Forest-Steppe conditions]. Naukovyi visnyk NUBiP Ukrainy. Seriia: Ahronomiia – Scientific Bulletin of NULES of Ukraine. Series: Agronomy.  № 269. 53-61. [in Ukrainian].

8.Tymoshenko H.Z. Kovalenko A.M., Novokhyzhnii M.V. (2017). Vplyv biopreparativ na mikrobiolohichnyi ta pozhyvnyi stan gruntu u posivakh soniashnyku za riznykh sposobiv osnovnoho obrobitku gruntu [Influence of biologicals on the microbiological and nutritional state of the soil in sunflower crops by different methods of basic tillage]. Mizhvidomchyi tematychnyi naukovyi zbirnyk. Zroshuvane zemlerobstvo – Interdepartmental thematic scientific collection. Irrigated agriculture.  № 67. 61–63. [in Ukrainian].

9.Kozlova O. P., Domaratskyi Ye.O., Domaratskyi O.O. (2019). Vplyv ristrehuliuiuchykh rechovyn biolohichnoho pokhodzhennia na formuvannia nadzemnoi biomasy roslyn soniashnyka [Influence of growth-regulating substances of biological origin on the formation of aboveground biomass of sunflower plants]. Tavriiskyi naukovyi visnyk (Silskohospodarski nauky) – Taurian Scientific Bulletin (Agricultural Sciences). № 106. 43-52. [in Ukrainian].

 

All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.