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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 2 (21)

Published: 2021.06.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-2


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Розглянуто важливість впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами, озеленення територій, селекції та насінництва.

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OPTIMIZATION OF THE SOY FERTILIZATION SYSTEM BASED ON THE USE OF DRUGS OF BIOLOGICAL ORIGIN IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE RIGHT BANK

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-2-6
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Tsyhanskyi Viacheslav – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior lecturer of the Department of of Plant Production, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).

Annotation

This article presents the results of research to study the effect of drugs of biological origin, namely the inoculum Rhizolin, mycorrhizal drug Mycofriend and biofertilizers based on phosphorus-potassium mobilizing bacteria Groundfix on growth processes and the formation of soybean varieties. Field studies were supposed to study the effect of various combinations of studied biological drugs in order to determine the most effective model of their use. Based on the observations and calculations, it was established that in the conditions of the Forest-Steppe of the right bank on gray forest soils the studied preparations of biological origin had a direct impact on both plant growth processes and productivity formation. It was found that the height of plants in the experiment varied depending on the variety and application of biological products, the most effective was the integrated use of Rizoline + Mycofriend + Graunfix, under these conditions the height of soybean plants in Madison was 121.6 cm, in Golden - 104.6 Along with this, a positive effect of this combination of biological preparations on the formation of individual plant productivity was established, so the highest number of beans per plant was recorded in these variants - 42.1 pieces / plant in the Golden variety and 39.5 pieces / plant in Madison variety and the largest mass of seeds from the plant, respectively - 10.4-11.9 g. ). In the variants with the use of seed treatment with the composition Risoline + Mycofriend and the application of soil biofertilizer Graunfix, these figures were 132.5 and 129.3 g, respectively. The complex application of biological products Rizoline (3 l / t of seeds), Mykofriend (1.5 l / t of seeds) and Graunfix (5 l / ha in pre-sowing cultivation) ensured the formation of the highest grain yield in the experiment of 4.05 t / ha in the variety Madison and 3.88 t / ha in the variety Golden, with the increase in yield before control was 17.9-18.1%.

 

Keywords: soybean, inoculation, mycorrhizal preparation, biofertilizer, productivity, yield.

List of references

1.Didur, I.M., Tsyhanskyi V.I., Tsyhanskа, О.I. etc. (2019). The effect of fertilizer system on soybean productivity in the conditions of right bank forest-steppe. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9(1), 76-80 [in English].

2.Hordenko O. (2010). Inokuliatsiia soi – zaoshchadzhennia dobryv. [Soybean inoculation is a saving of fertilizers].  Farmer. Vol. № 3. P. 20–21 .

3.Hordiichuk N. (2011). Inokulianty dlia soi: ekolohichno bezpechna ta ekonomichno vyhidna tekhnolohiia pidvyshchennia vrozhainosti [Soybean inoculants: environmentally friendly and cost-effective technology to increase yields].  Ahronom − Agronomist. Vol. 1.  P. 150–152 [in Ukrainian].

4.Hryhorieva O. M. (2019). Biopreparaty dlia soi – diievist perevireno [Biologicals for soybeans - effectiveness tested]. Agrobiznes s`ogodni −Ahrobiznes sohodni.  №4.  9–12. [in Ukrainian].

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9.Metodyka derzhavnoho sortovyprobuvannia silskohospodarskykh kultur. Metody vyznachennia pokaznykiv yakosti roslynnytskoi produktsii 2000. [Methods of state varietal testing of crops. Methods for determining the quality of plant products]. Kyiv. Issue. 7. 144. [In Ukraine].

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12.Polishchuk I. S. Polishchuk M. I., Mazur O. V. (2018). Polova skhozhist nasinnia sortiv soi zalezhno vid strokiv sivby za temperaturnym rezhymom gruntu [Field germination of soybean seeds depending on sowing dates by soil temperature]. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo.− Agriculture and forestry. №11. 36–43. [In Ukraine].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.