OPTIMIZATION OF THE SOY FERTILIZATION SYSTEM BASED ON THE USE OF DRUGS OF BIOLOGICAL ORIGIN IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE RIGHT BANK
Tsyhanskyi Viacheslav – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior lecturer of the Department of of Plant Production, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).
This article presents the results of research to study the effect of drugs of biological origin, namely the inoculum Rhizolin, mycorrhizal drug Mycofriend and biofertilizers based on phosphorus-potassium mobilizing bacteria Groundfix on growth processes and the formation of soybean varieties. Field studies were supposed to study the effect of various combinations of studied biological drugs in order to determine the most effective model of their use. Based on the observations and calculations, it was established that in the conditions of the Forest-Steppe of the right bank on gray forest soils the studied preparations of biological origin had a direct impact on both plant growth processes and productivity formation. It was found that the height of plants in the experiment varied depending on the variety and application of biological products, the most effective was the integrated use of Rizoline + Mycofriend + Graunfix, under these conditions the height of soybean plants in Madison was 121.6 cm, in Golden - 104.6 Along with this, a positive effect of this combination of biological preparations on the formation of individual plant productivity was established, so the highest number of beans per plant was recorded in these variants - 42.1 pieces / plant in the Golden variety and 39.5 pieces / plant in Madison variety and the largest mass of seeds from the plant, respectively - 10.4-11.9 g. ). In the variants with the use of seed treatment with the composition Risoline + Mycofriend and the application of soil biofertilizer Graunfix, these figures were 132.5 and 129.3 g, respectively. The complex application of biological products Rizoline (3 l / t of seeds), Mykofriend (1.5 l / t of seeds) and Graunfix (5 l / ha in pre-sowing cultivation) ensured the formation of the highest grain yield in the experiment of 4.05 t / ha in the variety Madison and 3.88 t / ha in the variety Golden, with the increase in yield before control was 17.9-18.1%.
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Topics of the Journal:
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Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).
Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry". (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.
The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database). Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018. ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?
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According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.