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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 2 (21)

Published: 2021.06.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-2


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Розглянуто важливість впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами, озеленення територій, селекції та насінництва.

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OPTIMIZATION OF TECHNOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES OF POTATO GROWING UNDER THE ORGANIC-MINERAL SYSTEM FERTILIZATION UNDER CLIMATE CHANGE

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-2-10
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Mazur Oleksandr Vasyliovych – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Plant Production, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str., 3 е-mail: selection@vsau.vin.ua).

Mazur Olena Vasylivna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of  botany, genetics and plant protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).

Lotka Halina Ivanivna - Candidate of Agricultural sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Veterinary Medicine, Hygiene and Animal Breeding Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str., 3 е-mail:  lyotkagalina@gmail.com).

Mironova G.V. – graduate student of the Department of Plant Breeding, Breeding and Bioenergy Crops of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3). 

 

Annotation

According to the results of our research on the formation of the number of stems, plant height and the number of tubers under the bush, the influence of the mass of planting tubers, fertilizers and varietal characteristics was revealed.  During the application of 40 t / ha of semi-roasted manure, Kalimagnesia (K56Mg16S30) and simple phosphate (P30) under the main tillage, the biometric indicators of the Laperla variety increased, in particular from 3.8 to 5.3, the height of plants from 57.2 to 61.6 cm, and the number of tubers under the bush from 4.3 to 5.5 pcs. The biometric indicators were higher in the variant of the experiment, where against the background of application under the predecessor 40 t / ha of semi-roasted manure, Kalimagnesia (K56Mg16S30) and simple superphosphate (P30) under the main treatment was carried out during planting in the rows of Nitroammophoska (N30P30K30). Thus, the number of stems varied from 4 to 5.5 pieces, the height of plants from 64.8 to 66.8 cm, and the number of tubers under the bush increased from 4.9 to 5.9 pieces. The best variant of the experiment was obtained in the variety Granada, where on the basis of phosphorus-potassium fertilizer and the action of semi-roasted manure was carried out during planting in the rows of Nitroammophoska (N30P30K30) and in fertilizing the ladder ammonium nitrate. The number of stems varied from 5.9 to 7.3 pieces, plant height from 56.8 to 60.9 cm, and the number of stems under the bush from 12.5 to 13.8 pieces. This version of the experiment provided higher rates of quantitative characteristics, regardless of varietal characteristics and maturity group of potatoes. That is, a tendency to a similar   dependence   is   also   established   for early-ripening Laperla variety and medium-ripening variety Memphis. Further study of the influence of the studied factors on the weight of tubers from one bush, yield structure of planting tubers and yield. 

 

Keywords: number of stems, plant height, weight of planting tubers, fertilizers, weight of planting tubers, varietal characteristics, Nitroammophoska, half-roasted manure, fertilization, Kalimagnesia.

List of references

1.Osy`pchuk A. A. (2001). Stanovlennya selekciyi kartopli v Ukrayini. Genety`ka i selekciya v Ukrayini na mezhi ty`syacholit` [Formation of potato breeding in Ukraine. Genetics and selection in Ukraine at the turn of the millennium] K., Vols. 3.  336-338. [inUkrainian].

2.Bugayeva I. P., Cherny`chenko O. O., Cherny`chenko I. I. (2007). Sorty` kartopli rizny`x grup sty`glosti, pry`datni dlya vy`roshhuvannya v umovax pivdnya dvovrozhajnoyu kul`turoyu [Potato varieties of different maturity groups, suitable for growing  in  the  south  by  two-crop].  Tavrijs`ky`j  naukovy`j  visny`k  −  Taurian Scientific Bulletin. Xerson, Issue 50. 59-63. [inUkrainian].

3.Bukasov S. M., Kameraz A. Ya. (1972). Selekcy`ya y` semenovodstvo kartofelya [Selection and seed production of potatoes]. L. [in Russian].

4.Opty`mizaciya mikroelementnogo zhy`vlennya sil`s`kogospodars`ky`x kul`tur – rek (2012). [Optimization of microelement nutrition of agricultural crops - rivers]. / Fatyeyev A. I. [ta in.]. 2-ge vy`d., vy`pr. ta dop. X. [in Ukrainian].

5.Vy`shnevs`ka O. L. (2013). Vply`v dobry`v na pidvy`shhennya vrozhajnosti suchasny`x sortiv kartopli v umovax Polissya [Influence of fertilizers on increase of productivity of modern grades of a potato in the conditions of Polissya]. Visny`k agrarnoyi nauky`− Bulletin of Agricultural Science. № 11. C. 22–25. [in Ukrainian].

6.D`yachenko V, Koval`chuk V. (2013). Progressy`vnaya texnology`ya proy`zvodstva kartofelya [Progressive technology of potato production]. Ovoshhevodstvo − Vegetable growing. № 3.  52–57; № 4. C. 20–24. [in Russian].

7.Ostapchuk M.O., Polishhuk I.S., Mazur O.V., Maksimov A.M. (2015). Vy`kory`stannya biopreparativ – perspekty`vny`j napryamok vdoskonalennya agrotexnologij [The use of biological products is a promising area for improving agricultural technologies]. Sil`s`ke gospodarstvo ta lisivny`cztvo − Agriculture and forestry. Vinny`cya. № 2.  5-17. [inUkrainian]

8.Metody`ka provedennya eksperty`zy` sortiv rosly`n kartopli ta grup ovochevy`x, bashtanny`x, pryano-smakovy`x na pry`datnist` do poshy`rennya v Ukrayini (PSP) (2017). [Methods of examination of potato plant varieties and groups of vegetables, melons, spices for suitability for distribution in Ukraine (PSP)]. Za red. Tkachy`k S. O. Vinny`cya: FOP Korzun D. Yu. 6–7. [in Ukrainian]

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.