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space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4 (15)

Published: 2019.12.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2019-3-4


Description:
Publications are devoted to the reserch of technological methods of cultivation of crops, preservation of soil fertility, through the cultivation of perennial grasses and legumes, alternatives to the marginal lands utilization, greening agricultural production, the use of selection indices for the identification of source material, reproduction.

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OPTIMIZATION OF OAK TREE STANDS GROWING IN CONDITIONS OF VINNYTSIA REGION

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2019-3-4-13
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Matusiak Mikhaylo – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Landscape Gardening, Horticulture and Viticulture of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: mikhailo1988@gmail.com).

Annotation

The main part of forest plantations of Vinnytsia region is occupied by plantations with predominance of pedunculated oak (81%). Most of oak stands that grow within the region, in terms of plantings composition, correspond to the types of forest plant conditions. Under those circumstances, most tree species show high growth rates. The area of plantations of the II class qualitymakes up 94.7%, 4.9% – of the ІІI class quality and 0.4% – ofthe ІV. The largest area (57.1%) is occupied by plantations with the density of 0.7, slightly smaller (31.8%) – with the density of 0.8, and  plantations with the density of 0.9 to1 occupy the area of 3.5%, with the density of 0.6 –  6.3%; 0.5  –  0.8%; 0.4 – 0.3%.

Despite the systematic intermediate cutting, which was carried out in order to preserve the pedunculated oak, European ash and other valuable species as a part of 92-132-year-old stands, the highest number of the preserved trees belongs to hornbeam (36.5-64.9% of the total numberwere in 19 plantations of Vinnytsia region). Only on two plantations 9.7-14.9% of hornbeam out of the total number of tree species was found.

According to biological and ecological properties, the optimum proportion of European ash in plantation is 25-30% of the total number of trees provided they are evenly distributed over the area. According to the research conducted, there was no ash trees in two stands, in one plantationonly eight trees of ash were preserved, in the next three – 100-109 trees and in the rest – from 26 to 84 (7.4-25%) of the total number of trees, what lies within its coenotic optimum.

In four plantations the mazzard cherry was preserved, in one stand – one tree, in two other – 9-11 and in the next one – 20 trees. Linden was preserved in 14 plantations –from 1 to 44 trees, and in one stand there were 90 trees. Wild service tree survived in two plantations – one per every stand. 

It was determined that composition of plantations significantly affects the stock of the stem wood, especially the yield of valuable assortments and their cost. Increasing the number of trees up to a certain limit of pedunculated oak, European ash and other valuable species in mixed stands, including natural seed plantation, placed in fresh oak forests, leads to the increase of the stock of stem wood, valuable assortments and their cost.

 

Keywords: pedunculated oak, ecological potential, forest conservation and reforestation, principal and minor forest production cutting, climatic factors, high yielding plantations.

List of references

1.Migunova E. S. (2000) Lesovodstvo i estestvennyie nauki. [Forestry and science].  Harkov: Maydan  [in Russian].

2.Ploshchi probni lisovporiadni. Metod zakladannia [Square trial forest management. Method of laying]: SOU 02.02-37-476:2006.  Chynnyi vid 2007-05-01]. (2006). K. : Minahropolityky Ukrainy –  Ministry of Agrarian Policy of Ukraine.  32 s.  (Standart orhanizatsii Ukrainy). [in Ukrainian].

3.Bondar A. O., Hordiienko M. I. (2006) Formuvannia lisovykh nasadzhen u dibrovakh Podillia [Formation of forest plantations in the oaks of Podillya]. Kyiv.: Urozhai. [in Ukrainian].

4.Vasylevskyi O.H., Neiko I.S., Yelisavenko Yu.A., Matusiak M.V. (2018) Kharakterystyka struktury ta lisovidnovnykh protsesiv pryrodnykh dubovykh lisostaniv DP «Kryzhopilske LH» [Characteristic of the structure and forest-dependent processes of natural oak forests of SE «Kryzhopil forestry»]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo. – Collection of scientific works.  Agriculture and forestry. 10.  19-29. [in Ukrainian].

5.Termyna B. K. (2004).  Lisoznavstvo z osnovamy lisivnytstva [Forestry with the basics of forestry]. Chernivtsi. [in Ukrainian].

6.Perevertaylo B. I. (2004). Formovaya struktura duba v estestvennoy populyatsii Chernogo lesa. [Shaped structure of oak in the natural population of the Black Forest]. Lesovodstvo i agrolesomelioratsiya – Forestry and agroforestry. – K.: Urozhaj. Issue. 38.  85-99. [in Russian].

7.Ivaniuk I. D., Ivaniuk T. M. (2010). Ponovlennia dubovykh nasadzhen v umovakh Zhytomyrskoho Polissia [Ponovlennya dubovikh nasadzhen in the minds of Zhytomyr Polissya]. Visnyk ZhNAEU –  Herald of  ZNAEU. 1. 225-234 [in Ukrainian].

8.Bondar A. O.  (2003). Produktyvnist chastkovyh kultur duba zvychajnogo na Podilli [Productivity of partial crops of common oak in the Podillya]. Lisivnytstvo i ahrolisomelioratsiia  –  Forestry and agroforestry. Kharkiv: Majdan. Issue. 104. 139-143. [in Ukrainian].

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).