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Сільське господарство та лісівництво

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA STATE AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 2 (9)

Published: 2018.10.25
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2018


Description:
Випуск присвячений вивченню технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур, особливостям органічного насінництва та виробництва органічної продукції, біологізації землеробства, застосування бактеріальних препаратів.

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MONITORING THE POLLUTION OF FOREST BERRIES BY HEAVY METALS IN THE CONDITIONS OF RIGHT-BANK FOREST-STEPPE OF UKRAINE

DOI: XXXXX.XXXXXXXX
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Vradiy Oksana Ihorivna – assistant of the department of ecology and environmental protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, 3, Solnychna St., e-mail: vradiy_oksana@mail.ru).

Annotation

Forest resources, which include edible mushrooms, wild berries, fruit and others are an important element of the food program, which involves providing high quality and sufficient food to the population. With the development of scientific and technological progress and the significant increase in the share of cultivated fruit, berries and vegetables, the role of wild berries, fruit and mushrooms as a source of food and income has taken the minor place. However, in recent years, there is a noticeable increase in the use of these resources in the nutrition and treatment of the population. In particular, the focus is on the use of berries, fruit and mushrooms for both food and medical purposes.

The research was conducted on the territory of Vinnytsia district of the Right-Bank Forest-steppe of Ukraine in 2018. The following forest berries like strawberries, blackberries, sweet cherries, apples and pears have been used as the material for research. The method of spot sampling of berries was used.

The study of the concentration of heavy metals was carried out in the research-measuring agrochemical laboratory of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection of the Agronomy Faculty on the basis of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. The concentrations of Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn of the studied berries were determined by the method of atomic and absorptional spectrometry after dry mineralization. To assess the degree of hazardous elements of the pollutant, it was used a risk factor, i.e. the ratio between the concentration of the pollutant in the soil or the fetal body of the fungus at its maximum permissible concentration.

The intensity of pollution of forest berries collected on the territory of forestry of Vinnytsia district by heavy metals was investigated. It was found that the excess of MPC by 3.0 times in the concentration of cadmium was observed only in strawberries, while the concentration of zinc and copper was lower than MPC by 5.1 and 45.4 times, respectively. The concentration of zinc and copper in blackberries was lower than MPC by 9.0 and 125 times, respectively. The concentration of zinc and copper in sweet cherries was lower than MPC by 250 and 125 times, respectively. The concentration of zinc and copper in apples was lower than MPC by 37 and 500 times, respectively. The concentration of zinc and copper in pears was lower than MPC by 7.6 and 62.5 times, respectively.

Keywords: heavy metals, forest berries, concentration, cadmium, zinc, copper, lead, maximum permissible concentrations, excess.

List of references

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2. Sakharnatska L.I. Ratsionalne vykorystannia produktiv pobichnoho korystuvannia lisu – zaporuka staloho rozvytku lisovykh ekosystem[The rational use of forest products is the key to the sustainable development of forest ecosystems]. Zbalansovane pryrodokorystuvannia – Balanced nature management. 2014. Vyp. 1. P. 36-37. 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).