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Сільське господарство та лісівництво

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (18)

Published: 2020.11.29
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, адаптивній селекції, особливостей вирощування овочевих культур, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами, інтродукції декоративних рослин.

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MECHANISM OF SOIL REPRODUCTION AND PRESERVATION IN THE SYSTEM OF ORGANIC FARMING

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3-16
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Alieksieiev Oleksii Oleksandrovych – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: alekseev_oleksiy@ukr.net).

Annotation

The problem of monitoring the condition of soils in Ukraine is not given due attention. This applies to the scientific field, where due to insufficient funding, full-fledged research is not conducted on the distribution, causes and ways to eliminate degradation. The same applies to the legislature and the executive, where no effective control measures have been developed. In general, the society does not create an atmosphere of maximum assistance for the preservation of soil cover as an indispensable national heritage. The media and educational institutions are indifferent to this problem. That is why these issues need immediate solution, namely, the development of an effective mechanism for reproduction and conservation of soils, taking into account the organic system of agriculture, which in recent years has attracted considerable interest not only scientists but also practitioners. The purpose of the article is to reveal the essence of the system of organic farming in terms of ensuring balanced land use. The materials of the article are based on the study of the positive impact of organic agriculture on the reproduction and preservation of soils. The research methodology was based on a systematic approach and a dialectical method of understanding the organic principles of land use in agricultural production, taking into account retrospective analysis, monographic method, methods of synthesis and analysis. The essence of the system of organic farming from the point of view of ensuring balanced land use is revealed. The dynamics of land distribution in Ukraine by land for 2010-2017, which is characterized by an extremely high rate of agricultural development, which is significantly exceeds the ecologically reasonable limits are shown as well as the distribution of soil areas of Ukraine by humus content. The most important resource for soil humus reproduction remains organic fertilizers, plant residues, by-products, green manures, etc., the application of which has a positive effect on the agrochemical, physical and water-air properties of soils. The structure of mineral and organic fertilizers application in 1990-2018 is given. The main problems of agricultural land use are highlighted. Under modern conditions of agricultural production and existing land use systems, it is impossible to achieve even a simple reproduction of soil fertility without significant improvement of mechanisms for controlling their use by the state, and also the introduction of more effective, mostly economic, mechanisms to support soil protection measures. International experience shows that new information technologies, in addition to traditional research methods, will provide effective control  of land  use and soil  protection  at different spatial levels, from the state to a specific field. The mechanism of preservation and reproduction of soil fertility in the system of organic agriculture is proposed for use by agricultural commodity producers, which includes a set of measures aimed at restoring stocks of organic substances and improving agrophysical properties of soil. No less important is the state support in solving problematic issues, it is recommended to supplement the developed mechanism with such components as: legal, scientific and technical, economic, financial, scientific and educational supports.

Organic agriculture through balanced land use increases the reliability and sustainability of modern agricultural systems. All the proposed methods and techniques of organic farming improve the physical and chemical properties of the soil, namely:

 - increase nutrient reserves;

 - improve absorption capacity, moisture capacity and moisture permeability;

 - enriched with microflora;

 - improve the biological activity and physical state of the soil.

 

 

Keywords: organic cropping, soil, plowlands, structure of sown areas, reproduction and preservation of soils, organic agriculture.

List of references

1.Natsionalna paradyhma staloho rozvytku Ukrainy (2012). [National paradigm of sustainable development of Ukraine]; za red. B. Ye. Patona. K.: DU «Instytut ekonomiky pryrodokorystuvannia ta staloho rozvytku Natsionalnoi akademii nauk Ukrainy» [In Ukraine].

2.Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky v Ukraini [State Statistics Service in Ukraine] : veb-sait. URL: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ (data zvernennia: 10.09.2020).

3.Natsionalna dopovid pro stan navkolyshnoho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha v Ukraini u 2014 rotsi (2016). [National report on the state of the environment in Ukraine in 2014]. – K.: Ministerstvo ekolohii ta pryrodnykh resursiv Ukrainy, FOP Hrin D.S [In Ukraine].

4.Yatsuk I.P. (2017). Naukovi doslidzhennia z monitorynhu ta obstezhennia silskohospodarskykh uhid Ukrainy: za rezultatamy X turu (2011-2015 rr.) [Scientific research on monitoring and inspection of agricultural lands of Ukraine]. Kyiv. [In Ukraine].

5.Malachiiev A.M. (2009). Problemy zberezhennia i vidtvorennia rodiuchosti gruntiv Ukrainy [Problems of preservation and reproduction of soil fertility in Ukraine]. Naukovi pratsi “Ekonomichni nauky” − Scientific works "Economic Sciences".Vols. 109. Issue 96. 92–95. [In Ukraine].

6.Skorokhod Ye. V. (2012). Ekoloho-ekonomichni aspekty silskohospodarskoho zemlekorystuvannia na zasadakh staloho rozvytku [Ecological and economic aspects of agricultural land use on the basis of sustainable development]. AhroInKom − AgroInCom. № 12.  85–88. [In Ukraine].

7.Mylovanov Ye. V. (2018). Rozvytok orhanichnoho ahrovyrobnytstva v konteksti zbalansovanoho zemlekorystuvannia [Development of organic agricultural production in the context of balanced land use]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Umanskoho NUS − Collection of scientific works of Uman NUS. 93. Vols. 2. 198-216. [In Ukraine].

8.Yeshchenko V. O., Opryshko V. P., Usyk S. V. (2012). Biolohichne zemlerobstvo: sutnist i umovy yoho efektyvnoho zastosuvannia [Organic farming: the essence and conditions of its effective application]. Visnyk Umanskoho natsionalnoho universytetu sadivnytstva. 1-2. S. 21-27. [In Ukraine].

9.Panas R. (2013). Suchasni problemy znyzhennia rodiuchosti gruntiv Ukrainy i perspektyvy yii vidtvorennia ta zberezhennia [Modern problems of reducing soil fertility in Ukraine and prospects for its reproduction and preservation]. Cuchasni dosiahnennia heodezychnoi nauky ta vyrobnytstva − Modern achievements of geodetic science and production. Vols. II (26). 102-106. [In Ukraine].

10.Shykula M.K., Petrenko L.R. (2000). Matematychna model prohnozuvannia balansu humusu pry perekhodi do biolohichnoho zemlerobstva [Mathematical model for predicting the balance of humus in the transition to organic farming]. Gruntozakhysna biolohichna systema zemlerobstva v Ukraini − Soil protective biological system of agriculture in Ukraine. 127–137. [In Ukraine].

 

All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).