logo

Сільське господарство та лісівництво

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (18)

Published: 2020.11.29
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, адаптивній селекції, особливостей вирощування овочевих культур, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами, інтродукції декоративних рослин.

Read about journal

LEAF-FEEDING PROCESSING OF PLANTS OF THE TOMATILLO BIOPROOFICIANS UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF THE RIGHT-BANK FOREST-STEPPE OF UKRAINE

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3-11
PDF Повернутись

Polutin Oleksii Oleksandrovych – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Landscape Management, Forestry Horticulture and Viticulture of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str.3, e-mail: Jamberberis@gmail.com).

Annotation

The article is devoted to the study of the effect of foliar treatment of Tomatillo plants with the use of drugs of bacterial origin. The paper scientifically substantiates the influence of biologicals on the morphological and biometric parameters of the plant. It was investigated that the emergence of seedlings in varieties Lichtaryk and Pineapple was observed for 7-8 days. After diving and two treatments of plants with drugs, their positive effect on the growth and development of Tomatillo, especially in the phase of budding, flowering and fruiting. A short period of bud formation on the plant was characterized by a variety of Tomatillo Lantern from the use of Biomag. Thus, the beginning of the formation of buds occurred on 66 days on the Lantern variety. A similar effect of the biological product was found during the flowering phase and fruit set. As a result of the activity of Azotobacter chorococum bacteria, the growth and development phases of the Lantern variety are accelerated by 1-3 days compared to the control variant. The use of biological products has had a positive effect on the biometric parameters of the plant. When using bacteria p. Saccharomyces, Azotobacter chroococcum, Paenibacillus polymyxa, Enterobacter nimipressuralis, plant height and stem diameter depended on the type of biological product used. The height of the plant ranged from 82,8 cm to 89,6 cm in the variety Lantern and from 86,8 cm to 91,3 cm in the variety Pineapple. As a result of spraying the plants with Azotobacterin or Rostmoment, the height of the Tomatillo plant exceeded the height of the plant of the variant where biological products were not used. In these variants, the excess of plant height relative to the control was 8,2% for the variety Lantern and 4,3 % for the variety Pineapple, respectively. The diameter of the stem was in the range of 1,9-2,0 cm. Due to the activity of the bacteria Azotobacter chroococcum, Paenibacillus polymyxa, Enterobacter nimipressuralis or yeast p. Saccharomyces and products of their metabolism, revealed a positive effect of biologicals on the increase in leaf area and dry matter content of the leaf. As a result of cultivation of the cultivar Lichtarik and application of Rostmoment or Biopolitsid the area of leaves was at the level of 79,5 thousand м2/ha and 77,6 thousand м2/ha. Growth moment, for the cultivation of the variety Lantern, helped to increase the dry matter content of the leaf by 16,4 %. Treatment of Lantern plants with liquid humus-based concentrate Humisol provided the highest weight of Tomatillo fruit, which was at the level of 8,4 g, and the use of Humisol or Rostmoment for growing varieties Lantern and Pineapple increases the diameter of Tomatillo fruit by 6,9-10,3 %. Humisol, due to humic and fulvic acids, natural phytohormones affects the growth processes of the plant more intensively, which provided in the formation of the largest mass of fruits and their diameter.   High   yield   is   characterized  by the Tomatillo variety Lantern with five applications of Humisol or Biopolicide, where its value is 33,3 t/ha and 32,0 t/ha.

 

 

Keywords: morphological features, biometric indicators, tomatillo, fruit yield, marketability.

List of references

1.Barbakar O. V. (2008). Biopreparaty dlia ohirkiv ta tomativ. [Biopreparations for cucumbers and tomatoes]. [in Ukraine].

2.Bolotskykh A. S. (2001). Ovoshchy Ukrayny. [Vegetables of Ukraine]. Kharkov: Orbyta. [in Ukraine].

3.Bolotskykh A. S. (2005). Entsyklopedyia ovoshchevoda. [Encyclopedia of vegetable oil]. Kharkov: Folyo. [in Ukraine].

4.Bondarenko H. L., Yakovenko K. I. (2001). Metodyka doslidnoi spravy v ovochivnytstvi i bashtannytstvi. [Methodology of experimental work in vegetable and melon]. Kharkiv: Osnova. [in Ukraine].

5.Vdovenko S. A. (2016). Efektyvnist vykorystannia biopreparatu pid chas vyroshchuvannia pomidora u vidkrytomu grunti rozsadnymy sposobom. [Efficiency of use of biological preparation during tomato cultivation in open soil seedlings]. Visnyk Lvivskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu. Ser. Ahronomiia − Bulletin of Lviv National Agrarian University.  Ser.  Agronomy.  № 20.  66-73. [in Ukraine].

6.Kuts O. V. (2018). Teoretychne obgruntuvannia produktyvnosti ovochevykh ahrotsenoziv za optymizatsii zhyvlennia roslyn u Livoberezhnomu Lisostepu Ukrainy. [Theoretical substantiation of productivity of vegetable agrocenoses for optimization of plant nutrition in the Left-bank forest-steppe of Ukraine]. dys. … d-ra s.-h. nauk: 06.01.06 / Kharkiv: Instytut ovochivnytstva i bashtannytstva. [in Ukraine].

7.Lohynov O. N., Sveshnykova E. V., Puhacheva E. H., Sharafutdynov  A. M., Sylyshchev N. N. (2002). Byopreparaty dlia tomatov v zashchyshchёnnom hrunte. [Biopreparations for tomatoes in protected soil]. [in Ukraine].

8.Materynskyi P. V. (2001). Vplyv bakterialnykh i mineralnykh dobryv ta stymuliatoriv rostu na urozhainist zerna kormovykh bobiv. [Influence of bacterial and mineral fertilizers and growth stimulants on grain yield of fodder beans]. Vinnytsia. [in Ukraine].

9.Hadzalo Ya. M. (2001). Naukovi osnovy vyrobnytstva orhanichnoi produktsii v Ukraini. [Scientific bases of production of organic products in Ukraine]. Kyiv. [in Ukraine].

10.Onyshchenko O. I., Soldatenko O. M. (2006). Biolohichnyi zakhyst roslyn tomata. [Biological protection of tomato plants]. [in Ukraine].

11.Pavlov L. V., Kondrateva Y. Yu., Burtseva T. V. (2007). Povyshaem vskhozhest tomata ekolohychesky bezopasnym preparatom Rybav–ekstra. [We increase germinating tomatoes with an ecologically safe drug Rybav-extra]. [in Ukraine].

12.Parshykova T. V. (2010). Fiziolohiia roslyn: praktykum. [Plant Physiology: workshop]. Lutsk: Teren. [in Ukraine].

13.Pisarenko V.M., Pisarenko P.V. (2000). Plant protection: ecologically substantiated systems. [Plant protection: ecologically sound systems]. Poltava: Camelot. [in Ukraine].

14.Pysarenko P. V. Sut orhanichnoho zemlerobstva. [The essence of organic farming]. URL: https://agromage.com/ stat_id.php?id=677 [in Ukraine].

15.Sych Z. D., Bobos I. M. (2013). Ovocheva ekzotyka. [Vegetable exotica]. Vinnytsia: TOV «Nilan–LTD». [in Ukraine].

 

All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).