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space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4 (19)

Published: 2020.12.31
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-4


Description:
The issue of the journal deals with the study of optimization of technological methods of growing crops using of drugs of biological origin. A special role is given to the influence of perennial grasses on the improvement of soil fertility, ecological-adaptive selection, peculiarities of vegetable growing, ecology and environmental protection, introduction of ornamental plants.

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INFLUENCE OF THE LEVEL OF WATER MINERALIZATION ON THE CONCENTRATION OF HEAVY METALS IN MUSHROOMS

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-4-19
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Vradiy Oksana Ihorivna – assistant of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, 3, Soniachna St., e-mail: oksanavradii@gmail.com).

Annotation

The current ecological condition of forest plantations has been characterized by high anthropogenic load as a result of population activity. The consequences of the human impact have been manifested in the disturbance of natural landscapes, air pollution, hydrosphere, destruction of the lithosphere, uncontrolled depletion of forest resources, resulting in a decrease and extinction of a huge number of species of animals and plants. In the result of various industries’ work chemical compounds have been formed, which have been transformed into the biosphere and enter all living organisms. Therefore, there are serious problems in the relationship between nature and man. The human impact on the environment is extremely powerful and it is obvious that the biosphere as a result of this impact loses the ability to self-regulate and it does not allow it to function properly. One of the current environmental problems that threatens plants, animals and human health and the quality of the environment is heavy metal pollution. These substances gradually enter plants, animals and humans through the air, water and food chain over a period of time [4]. Toxicity of metals has a direct effect on flora, which is an integral part of ecosystems. These effects lead to changes in the biochemical, physiological and metabolic processes that take place in plants that grow directly in areas with high levels of heavy metals. Samples of edible forest mushrooms were taken on the territory of forests of Tyvriv, Vinnytsia and Kalyniv districts in the Forest-Steppe of the Right Bank of Ukraine. Studies of the concentration of heavy metals were performed in the research and measurement agrochemical laboratory of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry on the basis of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. The concentrations of Cu, Zn, Pb and Cd of the studied fungi were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry after dry mineralization. Studies of the effect of cooking on the concentration of heavy metals in mushrooms were carried out according to the following scheme: 1. control option: mushrooms, cleaned and washed with tap water; 2. option 1: mushrooms soaked for 3 hours in water without mineral residue; 3. mushrooms soaked for 3 hours in water without mineral residue with the addition of salt (1 kg of mushrooms – 1 liter of water and 10 g of salt). The effect of soaking mushrooms in water without mineral residue with the addition of salt was studied. It was found that when soaking mushrooms for 3 hours in water without mineral residue, the concentration of zinc in them decreased: from 1.02 to 1.37 times; copper - from 1.14 to 1.5 times; lead - from 1.09 to 1.13 times; cadmium - from 1.3 to 1.5 times. When soaking mushrooms for 3 hours in water without mineral residue with the addition of salt, the concentration of zinc in them decreased: from 1.23 to 1.28 times; copper - from 1.2 to 1.36 times; lead - from 1.31 to 1.38 times; cadmium - from 1.41 to 1.6 times.

Keywords: mushrooms, concentration, zinc, copper, lead, cadmium, water without mineral residue, salt addition.

List of references

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2.Derzhavne ahentstvo lisovykh resursiv Ukrainy (2018). [State Agency of ForestResources of Ukraine]. URL: http://dklg.kmu.gov.ua/forest/control/uk/publish / article?art_id=62921 (data zvernennia: 12.03.2018) [in Ukrainian].

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10.Kupchyk O.Iu. (2016). Vyznachennia koreliatsii mizh vmistom vazhkykh metaliv uproduktakh roslynnytstva ta hrunti pry ekolohichnomu monitorynhu. [Determination of the correlation between the content of heavy metals in crop products and soil in environmental monitoring]. Ekolohichna bezpeka ta zbalansovane resursovykorystannia – Environmental safety and balanced resource use. №1 (13). 85-91 [in Ukrainian].

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All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the Index Copernicus evaluation process positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?  Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.