logo

Сільське господарство та лісівництво

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1 (16)

Published: 2020.05.28
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-1


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, адаптивній селекції, інтродукції малопоширених декоративних видів, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, зокрема, впливу хімізації на забруднення грунту та зернової продукції пестицидами, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами.

Read about journal

INFLUENCE OF THE ELEMENTS OF GROWING TECHNOLOGY ON THE ACTIVATION OF PLANT-MICROBIAL SYMBIOSIS AND THE PROCESSES OF NITROGEN LUCOSENOSIS AGROCENOSIS

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-1-5
PDF Повернутись

Tsyhanskyi Viacheslav – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior lecturer of the Department of of Plant Production, Selection and Bioenergetic Crops of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna St. 3).

Tsyhanska Olena – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Landscape Management, Forestry, Horticulture and Viniculture of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna St. 3, e-mail: lenkatsiganskaya@gmail.com).

 

 

Annotation

In order to improve soil fertility, increase the productivity of agricultural crops, including alfalfa, and to make the best use of mineral fertilizers it is expedient to carry out liming in the range of 1.0-1.5 under hydrolytic acidity. It provides an increase in the amount of 1.2-1.8 tons of feed units per hectare of rotation area. The mobility of toxic elements of aluminum and manganese decreases in the limed soil. These processes contribute to nodule formation and an increase in the nitrogen fixation of alfalfa. The intensified activity of nitrogen fixation processes occurring in the root zone of plants can be achieved with the use of physiologically active substances characterized by auxin-cytokine activity. Both associative and symbiotic nitrogen fixation processes are enhanced by virtue of plant growth stimulants. These preparations are the analogs of exogenous phytohormones of cytokine, gibberellin and auxin effect, and unsaturated fatty acids, carbohydrates, amino acids. They are used for pre-sowing seed treatment and top dressing of plants. The conceptual direction of the development of biotechnologies and biological nitrogen fixation in agriculture is the development of preparations in order to stimulate growth, increase the production of legumes. Creation is important the original complex compositions of multifactorial action, which combine the properties of plant growth regulators, fertilizer elements, means of plant resistance to stress and diseases. In light of this, the study of agrobiological methods of growing forage crops. Including alfalfa, with the use of plant growth regulators, as well as their combination with biological preparations based on active strains of nodule bacteria. It aims to improve the nitrogen nutrition of plants in the monoculture. Important is also a significant increase in the level of the biological conversion of atmospheric nitrogen into organic nitrogen-containing compounds. Is particularly relevant for the creation of sustainable production of feed raw materials and maximization of the biological potential of plants under the unstable soil and climatic conditions.

When growing agricultural crops, biologically fixed nitrogen is extremely important for legumes since this reduces the use of mineral fertilizers and the cost of production. Perennial legumes, in particular, alfalfa, are not only a source of high-protein feed, but they are the best precursors, especially for grains, cereals, and industrial crops. They not only increase their yields but also improve the soil structure and fertility. 

According to the results of our research, under the conditions of Right-Bank Forest-Steppe, the best conditions for the symbiotic activity of alfalfa seedlings were 

created under the conditions: Non-perishable growing method. The introduction of the herbicide in the year of sowing. Conduct calcining the full norm. Use of pre-sowing  seed  treatment  with  bacterial  preparation  risobofit  with  plant  growth  regulator Emistim S. Under these conditions, the maximum indicator of biologically fixed nitrogen is formed-236.1 kg/ha.

 

 

Keywords: alfalfa sowing, liming of soil, inoculation, growth promoter, biological nitrogen.

List of references

1.Bohovin A. V., Sliusar I. T., Tsarenko M. K. (2005). Travianysti biotsenozy, yikhnie polipshennia ta ratsionalne vykorystannia [Herbaceous biocenoses, their improvement and their rational use]. K. Ahrarna nauka. [in Ukrainian].

2.Kvitko H. P., Polishchuk I. S., Protopish I. H. (2012). Bahatorichni bobovi travy – osnova staloi kormovoi bazy i biolohizatsii zemlerobstva v umovakh Lisostepu pravoberezhnoho [Perennial legumes - the basis of a sustainable forage and

biological biology of agriculture in the forest-steppe right-bank]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Vinnytskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu. Seriia: Silskohospodarski nauky – Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.  Series: Agricultural Sciences Issue 6 (68).89–95. [in Ukrainian].

3.Kots S. Ya. (2011) Suchasnyi stan doslidzhen biolohichnoi fiksatsii azotu [Current state of studies of biological nitrogen fixation]. Fyzyolohyia y byokhymyia kult. rastenyi– Physiology and biochemistry cult.  Plants.  Vols. 43.  № 3.  212-225. [in Ukrainian].

4.Dospehov B. A. (1985). Metodika polevogo opyita (s osnovami statisticheskoy obrabotki rezultatov issledovaniy) [Methods of field experience (with the basics of statistical processing of research results].  5-e izd., dop. pererab. M.: Agropromizdat. [in Ukrainian].

5.Babych A. O. (1998). Metodyka provedennia doslidiv z kormovyrobnytstva ta hodivli tvaryn [Methods of conducting experiments on animal feed production and feeding]. Vinnytsia. [in Ukrainian].

6.Ieshchenko V. O., Kopytko P. H, Opryshko V. P., Kostohryz P. V. (2005). Osnovy naukovykh doslidzhen v ahronomii [Fundamentals of scientific research in agronomy]. K.: Diia. [in Ukrainian].

7.Kirienko A. A. (1972). Primenenie izvestkovyih udobreniy [Application of calcareous fertilizers]. M. Rosselhozizdat. [in Russian].

8.Provorov N.A. (2013). Povyishenie effektivnosti simbioticheskoy fiksatsii azota rasteniyami: molekulyarno-geneticheskie podhodyi i evolyutsionnyie modeli [Improving the efficiency of symbiotic nitrogen fixation by plants: molecular genetic approaches and evolutionary models]. Fiziologiya rasteniy – Plant physiology. № 60.   31–37. [in Russian].

9.Petrychenko V. F., Kvitko H. P. (2010). Liutserna z novymy yakostiamy dlia kulturnykh pasovyshch [Lucerne with new qualities for cultivated pastures]. K.: Ahrarna nauka. [in Ukrainian].

10.Berdnikov A. M., Patyika N. V., Syitnik S. A. (2005). Ratsionalnoe ispolzovanie biologicheskogo i mineralnogo azota v zemledelii Polesya [Rational use of biological and mineral nitrogen in agriculture of Polesye]. Agroekologichniy zhurnal – Agroecology magazine № 2. 14–20. [in Russian].

11.Makrushyn M., Herasymenko V., Shabanov R. (2003). Rehuliatory rostu – vazhlyvyi rezerv pidvyshchennia vrozhainosti [Growth regulators are an important reserve for increasing yields]. Propozytsiia – Offer. № 2.  71-72. [in Ukrainian].

12.Tarariko Yu. O. (2005). Formuvannia stalykh ahroekosystem: teoriia i praktyka [Formation of sustainable agroecosystems: theory and practice]. K.: Ahrarna nauka. [in Ukrainian].

13.Iatsentiuk R. V. (2010). Vapnuvannia kyslykh gruntiv: osnova pidvyshchennia yikh rodiuchosti [Liming of acidic soils: the basis of increasing their fertility]. Ahronom – Agronomist. № 3. 168–169. [in Ukrainian].

14.Iavorska V., Drahovoz I., Musiiaka V. (2004). Rehuliatory rostu zberihaiut sortovu typovist silskohospodarskykh kultur [Growth regulators retain the varietal identity of crops]. Propozytsiia – Offer.  № 8/9. 70–71. [in Ukrainian].

15.Brauer D., Ritchey D., Belesky D., (2002). Effects of Lime and calcium  on Root Development and Nodulation of Clovers. Crop Sciense. Vol. 42.  P. 1640–1646. [in English].

 

 

All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).