INFLUENCE OF TECHNOLOGY ELEMENTS ON TEMPERATURE AND SOIL MOISTURE FOR ZUCCHINI GROWING IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE FOREST-STEPPE OF THE RIGHT BANK OF UKRAINE
Palamarchuk Inna Ivanivna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of forestry, landscape gardeniing, horticulture and viticulture, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str.3, e-mail: email@example.com).
The results of researches of influence of mulching of soil and water-retaining granules Akvod on temperature and humidity of soil in the conditions of Forest-steppe of right-bank Ukraine are resulted. An increase in soil temperature and humidity was revealed with the use of black agrofiber mulching materials and perforated black polyethylene film, which is 1.3 and 2.6 ° C higher than the variant where soil mulching was not used. When mulching the soil with black agrofiber and perforated black polyethylene film, the soil moisture was 78.1–79.0 %, which is 14.5 and 15.4 % more than the control. The increase in soil moisture against the background of water-retaining granules relative to the control averaged 14.5 %, and with the use of black polyethylene film – 15.4 %. An important indicator in identifying the influence of the studied factors is the yield. The highest yields were found when mulching the soil with black agrofiber and perforated black polyethylene film 91.9 and 102.1 t / ha, which is 17.7 and 27.8 t / ha, respectively, more than the control. It was found that against the background of the introduction of Aquod granules, all the studied options provided a significantly higher yield of zucchini. The largest increase in yield relative to control was provided by the options for mulching the soil with black agrofiber and perforated black polyethylene film, while the yield of marketable products increased by 24.0-34.9 t / ha. The use of mulching materials and water-retaining granules also increased the biometric parameters of zucchini products. The largest number of fruits was observed for mulching the soil with black agrofiber and perforated black polyethylene film 26.3–29.4 pcs / plant. The highest fruit weight was observed for mulching the soil with black agrofiber – 299 g and perforated black polyethylene film – 314 g, which is more than the control of 13–28 g. The diameter of the fruit, depending on the use of mulching materials was in the range of 4.9 – 5.2 cm Thus, for the variety Zolotinka, the diameter of the fruit increased by 0.1 – 0.3 cm during mulching of the soil with different materials. The number of fruits, depending on the mulching material on the background of water-retaining granules in all studied variants was significantly higher. The largest number of fruits was noted for mulching the soil with agrofiber and perforated black polyethylene film – 30.6–31.7 pieces / plant. In general, all the studied options provided an increase relative to control. An important indicator that affects the yield is the weight of the fruit. The highest fruit weight was recorded during mulching of the soil with perforated black polyethylene film 317 g, which is 26 g more than the control. Thus, the use of mulching materials on the background of water-retaining granules Akvod promotes more intensive fruit growth.
1.Belyk V. F. (1992). Metodyka oputnoho dela v ovoshchevodstve y bakhchevodstve [Experimental methodology in vegetable growing and melon growing]. M.: Ahropromyzdat, 215. [in Russia].
2.Bondarenko H. L. (2001). Metodyka doslidnoi spravy v ovochivnytstvi i bashtannytstvi [Methodology of experimental work in vegetable and melon]. Kh.: Osnova, 369. [in Ukrainian].
3.Volkodav V. V. (2001). Metodyka derzhavnoho sortovyprobuvannia s.-h. kultur (kartoplia, ovochi ta bashtani kultury) [Methodology of the sovereign varietiesprobuvannya s.-g. crops (potatoes, vegetables and crops)]. K., 101. [in Ukrainian].
4.Hydrohel v rastenyevodstve [Hydrogel in plant growing]. URL: www.avroragro.ru. [in Ukrainian].
5.Hidrohel AQUASORB [Hydrogel AQUASORB]. URL: http: www.gidrogel.org. [in Ukrainian].
6.Hloba-Mykhailenko Y. D. (2016). Mulchyrovanye kartofelia y tomatovna Chernomorskom poberezhe Sochy [Mulching potatoes and tomatoes on the Black Sea coast of Sochi]. Metodycheskaia rekomendatsiia. Sochy. 12. [in Russia].
7.Dospekhov B. A. (1987). Praktykum po zemledelyiu [Workshop on farming]. M.: Ahropromyzdat. [in Russia].
8.DSTU 318 91 (2010). Kabachki svezhie. Tehnicheskie usloviya: Vveden [The zucchini is fresh. Specifications]. 01.01.92. K: izd. ofitsialnoe. [in Ukrainian].
9.Moiseichenko V. F. (1992). Osnovy naukovykh doslidzhen u plodivnytstvi, ovochivnytstvi, vynohradarstvi ta tekhnolohii zberihannia plodoovochevoi produktsii [Basics of scientific dosages in fruit, vegetable production, viticulture and technology of harvesting fruit and vegetable products]. K.: UMKVO. [in Ukrainian].
10.O hydrohele [About hydrogel]. URL :http: //www.glicdizain.com.ua/txt-1.html. [in Russia].
11.Palamarchuk I. I. (2018). Vplyv mulchuvannia hruntu na urozhainist plodiv kabachka v umovakh Lisostepu Pravoberezhnoho Ukrainy [Influence of soil mulching on zucchini fruit yield in the Forest-Steppe conditions of the Right Bank of Ukraine]. Visnyk Lvivskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu – Bulletin of Lviv National Agrarian University. Lviv. 22 (2). 74-78. [in Ukrainian].
12.Palamarchuk I. I. (2013). Efektyvnist zastosuvannia vodoutrymuiuchykh hranul Akvod pry vyroshchuvanni kabachka za mulchuvannia gruntu v Pravoberezhnomu Lisostepu Ukrainy [Efficiency of application of water-retaining Akvod granules at cultivation of a zucchini for soil mulching in the Right-bank Forest-steppe of Ukraine]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats «Naukovi dopovidi NUBIP Ukrainy» – Collection of scientific works "Scientific reports of NULES of Ukraine". 41. [in Ukrainian].
13.Palamarchuk I. I. (2013) Produktyvnist ta dynamika plodonoshennia kabachka za mulchuvannia gruntu v umovakh Pravoberezhnoho Lisostepu [Productivity and dynamics of zucchini fruiting for soil mulching in the conditions of the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe]. Mizhvidomchyi tematychnyi naukovyi zbirnyk. Ovochivnytstvo i bashtannytstvo– Interdepartmental thematic scientific collection. Vegetable and melon growing. 59. 226–234. [in Ukrainian].
14.Plenka dlia mulchyrovanyia pochvы s otverstyiamy [Film for mulching the soil with holes]. URL: https://npf-plastmodern.com.ua/a377759-plenka-dlya-mulchirovaniya.html. [in Ukrainian].
15.Water retention granules. URL: http: // www.montereylawngarden. com/pdf/Water RetentionGranules-2-columnlabel-0409-(01). [in English].
Topics of the Journal:
Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:
Plant production, current state and prospects for development.
Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.
Feed production, current state and prospects for development.
Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.
Protection of plants.
Soil managment and soil quality improvement.
Forestry and gardening.
Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.
Ecology and environmental protection.
Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.
Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.
Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.
Directions and efficiency of crop production
Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.
Production of renewable energy from biological resources.
Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.
Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.
Horticulture and viticulture.
Processing and storage of crop products.
Beekeeping, current status and development trends.
Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.
Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.
Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.
The young scientist opinion.
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).
Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry". (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.
The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database). Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018. ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?
Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401; https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.