INFLUENCE OF TECHNOLOGICAL PRIOMS OF POTATO ROTATION ON PRODUCT QUALITY
Pinchuk Natalya Vladimirovna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of botany, genetics and plant protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Verheles Pavlo Mykolaiiovych – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of botany, genetics and plant protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3; e-mail: email@example.com).
Kovalenko Tatiana Mefodiivna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of botany, genetics and plant protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Potatoes are a universal crop, also called "second bread", because the level of consumption of this vegetable in the country is very high. It is, at the same time, a foodstuff, raw material for the processing industry, high quality livestock feed and a source of cash for farms and households. In terms of consumption and geographical spread, potatoes occupy one of the leading positions in the structure of food production in Ukraine. In the Vinnytsia region, the area of potatoes occupies 115-118 thousand hectares and the average yield is 120-130 cts / ha, which is several times less potential of this crop. One of the reasons for the low yield of potatoes is the harmfulness of pests and diseases. The most common diseases of potatoes include blight, which is steadily developing and is able to reduce the yield of tubers, their quality. In Ukraine, crop losses from it account for 16-22%, and in the years of epiphytoties can reach 50%. The evaluation of plant diseases is one of the most important and often the most challenging tasks in the epidemiology of plant diseases. Damage to plants by phytophages and pathogens can very quickly result in complete loss of the crop if there is insufficient crop protection. This article confirms the feasibility and effectiveness of the application of modern-day protector tubers and the use of new generation growth promoters and fungicides during the cultivation of tubers. This article confirms the feasibility and effectiveness of the application of modern-day protector tubers and the use of new generation growth promoters and fungicides during the cultivation of tubers. To obtain a crop of potato varieties Povin 285,7 c/ha, which is 58,2 c/ha more than the control, it is necessary to carry out the cultivation of tubers before disembarking the detergent Emesto quantum 273,5 FS, TN, in the rate of 1.2 l of the preparation per ton of planting material, and a growth promoter of Rostock (3 l/t), as well as spraying during the vegetation of plants with fungicides Antracol 70 WP, RF (1,0 kg/ha), Nativo 75 WG, VG (0,3 kg/ha) , Infinito 687.5 SC, COP (1.0 l/ha) and Rostock Bohr and Rostock Iron (1.5 l/ha).
1.Vorona L.I`., Tkachuk V.P. (2010). Tekhnologi`ya viroshhuvannya kartopli` na osnovi` zasobi`v bi`ologi`zaczi`yi v umovakh Poli`ssya [Technology of potato cultivation on the basis of biological means in Polissya conditions]. Posi`bnik ukrayins`kogo khli`boroba: naukovo-virobnichij shhori`chnik – Handbook of the Ukrainian farmer: scientific and production yearbook. Kharki`v: TOV «AKADEMPRES». [in Ukrainian].
2.Gamayunova V.V. (2015). Vpliv dobriv ta regulyatori`v rostu na vrozhajni`st` i` yaki`st` bul`b kartopli` li`tn`ogo sadi`nnya na Pi`vdni` Ukrayini [Influence of fertilizers and growth regulators on the yield and quality of potatoes in summer planting in southern Ukraine]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats VNAU. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo – Collection of scientific works of VNAU. Agriculture and forestry. № 1. Vi`nniczya, 2015. №1. 27-34 [in Ukrainian].
3.Bondarchuk A.A., Koltunov V.A., Kravchenko O.A. (2009). Kartoplya: viroshhuvannya, yaki`st`, zberezhennya [Potatoes: cultivation, quality, conservation]. K.: KIT. [in Ukrainian].
4.Bugayeva I`.P., Sni`govij V.S. (2002). Kul`tura kartopli` na Pi`vdni` Ukrayini [Potato culture in the South of Ukraine]. Kherson. [in Ukrainian].
5.Gi`l` L.S., Pashkovsmkij A.I`., Suli`ma L.T. (2008). Suchasni` tekhnologi`yi ovochi`vnicztva zakritogo i` vi`dkritogo g`runtu [Modern technologies of closed and open soil vegetable growing]. Ch. 2: Chastina druga. Vi`dkritij g`runt. K.: Nova Kniga. [in Ukrainian].
6.Rudenko Yu.F., Polozhenecz` V. M., Nemericz`ka L. V. (2000). Yak vzayemodi`yut` khvorobi kartopli` [How potato diseases interact]. Zakhist roslin – Protection of plants. № 10. 13-15 [in Ukrainian].
7.Tribel` S.O. (2001). Kolorads`kij zhuk [Potato beetle]. Kiyiv.: Urozhaj. [in Ukrainian].
8.Poli`shhuk I`.S., Kravchuk S.V. (2017). Stan virobnicztva kartopli` na Vi`nnichchini` ta efektivni`st` pozakorenevikh pi`dzhivlen` [The state of potato production in Vinnytsia region and efficiency of foliar feeding]. Zbirnyk naukovykh
prats VNAU. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo – Collection of scientific works of VNAU. Agriculture and forestry. 2017. № 7 (Vols. 2). 54-61 [in Ukrainian].
9.Poli`shhuk I`.S., Maczera O.O. (2014). Efektivni`st` preparatu Nanovi`t na posadkakh kartopli` dlya pi`dvishhennya bi`oenergetichnoyi produktivnosti` sorti`v [The effectiveness of the drug on planting potatoes to improve the bioenergy productivity of varieties]. Zbi`rnik naukovikh pracz` VNAU. Seri`ya: Si`l`s`kogospodars`ki` nauki – Collection of scientific works of VNAU. Series: Agricultural Sciences. Vi`nniczya. Issue 6. 152-159 [in Ukrainian].
Topics of the Journal:
Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:
Plant production, current state and prospects for development.
Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.
Feed production, current state and prospects for development.
Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.
Protection of plants.
Soil managment and soil quality improvement.
Forestry and gardening.
Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.
Ecology and environmental protection.
Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.
Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.
Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.
Directions and efficiency of crop production
Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.
Production of renewable energy from biological resources.
Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.
Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.
Horticulture and viticulture.
Processing and storage of crop products.
Beekeeping, current status and development trends.
Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.
Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.
Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.
The young scientist opinion.
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).