INFLUENCE OF TECHNOLOGICAL GROWING METHODS ON THE QUALITY OF MILLET OF THE FIRST YEAR OF VEGETATION
Branitskyi Yurii Yuriyovych – Director of the Uladovo-Lyulinetsky Experimental Breeding Station of the Institute of Bioenergetic Cultures and Sugar Beet NAAS (Vinnytia region, Kalynivka, district, Uladivske, Samolevska Str., 15).
Mazur Oleksandr Vasyliovych – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Plant Production, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str., 3, e-mail: email@example.com).
Alieksieiev Oleksii Oleksandrovych – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
The article establishes the influence of individual technological methods of cultivation on the height and number of stems of millet species of the genus. It is revealed that the optimal value of the height of plants, as the number of stems pc / m², is decisive in the implementation of the yield of grated millet. The highest yield of dry biomass was obtained on a variant of the experiment where the sowing was conducted in the first decade of May, the average yield of this variant was 3,3 t/ha and 2,8 t/ha in the Cave-in-Rock and Carthage varieties, which by 0,2 and 0,3 t/ha higher compared to the options where the sowing dates were in the third decade of April and May. The highest yield of dry millet gravel biomass was obtained on the variant of the experiment, where the depth of seeding was 1 cm. The average yield in this variant during the years of research was 3,2 and 2,8 t/ha in the grape varieties of the Cave-in-rock and Carthage claws. The highest plant height values were obtained on the experimental version, where the row width was 15 cm, and the highest yield was obtained from the plants of the first year of vegetation on the experiment variant, where the row width was 30 cm – 3,6 and 2,8 t/ha in the millet varieties Cave In Rock and Carthage. This indicates that the decisive factor in implementing the yield of grated millet is the optimum value of both plant height and number of stems pc./m². The best variant of pre-planting of soil, where two pre-sowing cultivation and till and post-sowing ditching of soil were carried out, and the highest yield of grains of the grape varieties was Cave-in-Rock 3,5 and Carthage – 2,7 t/ha. The highest yield strength of dry biomass logs was obtained on a variant where manual propagation and subsequent interrow cultivations in Cave-in-Rock and Cartage varieties were 3,7 and 2,8 t/ha. However, the yield of dried millet in the experimental version, where the soil primeretz TZ Gold was applied, was 50% (4 t/ha) and inter-row the cultivation was 3,5 and 2,7 t/ha, which is comparable to the control within the experimental.
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Topics of the Journal:
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Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).