INFLUENCE OF TECHNOLOGICAL GROWING METHODS ON THE QUALITY OF MILLET OF THE FIRST YEAR OF VEGETATION
Branitskyi Yurii Yuriyovych – Director of the Uladovo-Lyulinetsky Experimental Breeding Station of the Institute of Bioenergetic Cultures and Sugar Beet NAAS (Vinnytia region, Kalynivka, district, Uladivske, Samolevska Str., 15).
Mazur Oleksandr Vasyliovych – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Plant Production, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str., 3, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Alieksieiev Oleksii Oleksandrovych – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: email@example.com).
The article establishes the influence of individual technological methods of cultivation on the height and number of stems of millet species of the genus. It is revealed that the optimal value of the height of plants, as the number of stems pc / m², is decisive in the implementation of the yield of grated millet. The highest yield of dry biomass was obtained on a variant of the experiment where the sowing was conducted in the first decade of May, the average yield of this variant was 3,3 t/ha and 2,8 t/ha in the Cave-in-Rock and Carthage varieties, which by 0,2 and 0,3 t/ha higher compared to the options where the sowing dates were in the third decade of April and May. The highest yield of dry millet gravel biomass was obtained on the variant of the experiment, where the depth of seeding was 1 cm. The average yield in this variant during the years of research was 3,2 and 2,8 t/ha in the grape varieties of the Cave-in-rock and Carthage claws. The highest plant height values were obtained on the experimental version, where the row width was 15 cm, and the highest yield was obtained from the plants of the first year of vegetation on the experiment variant, where the row width was 30 cm – 3,6 and 2,8 t/ha in the millet varieties Cave In Rock and Carthage. This indicates that the decisive factor in implementing the yield of grated millet is the optimum value of both plant height and number of stems pc./m². The best variant of pre-planting of soil, where two pre-sowing cultivation and till and post-sowing ditching of soil were carried out, and the highest yield of grains of the grape varieties was Cave-in-Rock 3,5 and Carthage – 2,7 t/ha. The highest yield strength of dry biomass logs was obtained on a variant where manual propagation and subsequent interrow cultivations in Cave-in-Rock and Cartage varieties were 3,7 and 2,8 t/ha. However, the yield of dried millet in the experimental version, where the soil primeretz TZ Gold was applied, was 50% (4 t/ha) and inter-row the cultivation was 3,5 and 2,7 t/ha, which is comparable to the control within the experimental.
1.Energetychna strategiya Ukrayiny na period do 2030 roku. (2006). Informacijno-analitychnyj byuleten «Vidomosti Ministerstva palyva ta energetyky Ukrayiny» [Energy strategy of Ukraine for the period up to 2030. Information and analytical bulletin "Information from the Ministry of Fuel and Energy of Ukraine]: Specialnyj vypusk – Special issue. 2006. [in Ukrainian].
2.Kurylo V.L., Royik M.V., Ganzhenko O.M. (2013). Bioenergetyka v Ukrayini: stan ta perspektyvy rozvytku [Bioenergy in Ukraine: the state and prospects of development]. Bioenergetyka – Bioenergy. 1. 5-10. [in Ukrainian].
3.Royik M., Kurylo V., Gumentyk M. (2011). Efektyvnist vyroshhuvannya vysokoproduktyvnyx energetychnyx kultur. [Efficiency of growing high-energy crops]. Visnyk Lvivskogo nacionalnogo agrarnogo universytetu – Visnyk of Lviv National Agrarian University. 15 (2). 85-90. [in Ukrainian].
4.Mazur V.A., Ganzhenko O.M., Shlyaxturov D.S. (2017). Stan i perspektyvy rozvytku texnologij vyroshhuvannya bioenergetychnyx kultur v Ukrayini [Status and prospects of bioenergy crop production technologies development in Ukraine]. Zbirnyk naukovyx pracz VNAU. Silske gospodarstvo ta lisivnycztvo – Collection of scientific works. Agriculture and forestry. 7. Vols 1. 6-18. [in Ukrainian].
5.Gumentyk M.Ya. (2010). Perspektyvy vyroshhuvannya bagatorichnyx zlakovyx kultur dlya vyrobnycztva biopalyva [Prospects for growing perennial crops for biofuel production]. Czukrovi buryaky – Sugar beets. 4. 21-22 [in Ukrainian].
6.Raxmetov D.B. (2011). Teoretychni ta prykladni aspekty introdukciyi roslyn v Ukrayini [Theoretical and applied aspects of plant introduction in Ukraine]: monografiya. K: «Agrar Media Grup». [in Ukrainian].
7.Pysarenko P.V., Kulyk M.I., Elbersen W.N. ta in. (2011). Metodychni rekomendaciyi po texnologiyi vyroshhuvannya energetychnyx kultur (svitchgrasu) v
umovax Ukrayiny. Poltava : Poltavska DAA. [in Ukrainian].
8.Volkodav V.V. (2001). Metodyka Derzhavnogo sortovyprobuvannya silskogospodarskyx kultur (zernovi, krupyani ta zernobobovi kultury) [Methodical
recommendations on the technology of cultivating energetic cultures (switchgear) in the conditions of Ukraine]. K. [in Ukrainian].
9.Royik M.V., Raxmetov D.B., Goncharenko S.M. (2014). Metodyka provedennya ekspertyzy sortiv prosa prutopodibnogo (Panicum virgatum L.) na vidminnist, odnoridnist i stabilnist [Method of conducting examination of millet (Panicum virgatum L.) varieties for difference, homogeneity and stability]. K. 637-651. [in Ukrainian].
10.Kulyk M. I., Raxmetov D. B., Kurylo V. L. (2017). Metodyka provedennya polovyx ta laboratornyx doslidzhen z prosom prutopodibnym (Panicum virgatum L.). [Method of conducting field and laboratory researches with millet (Panicum virgatum L.)]. Poltava : RVV PDAA. [in Ukrainian].
11.Wang D., Leabauer D.S., Dietze M.C. (2010). A quantitative review comparing the yield of switchgrass in monocultures and mixtures in relation to climate and management factors. GCB Bioenergy, 2 : 16-25. Available at: doi: 10.1111/j.1757-1707.2010.01035.x. [in United States].
12.Kulyk M., Elbersen W. (2010). Methods of calculation productivity phytomass of switchgrass in Ukraine. Poltava. [in Ukrainian].
Topics of the Journal:
Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:
Plant production, current state and prospects for development.
Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.
Feed production, current state and prospects for development.
Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.
Protection of plants.
Soil managment and soil quality improvement.
Forestry and gardening.
Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.
Ecology and environmental protection.
Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.
Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.
Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.
Directions and efficiency of crop production
Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.
Production of renewable energy from biological resources.
Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.
Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.
Horticulture and viticulture.
Processing and storage of crop products.
Beekeeping, current status and development trends.
Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.
Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.
Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.
The young scientist opinion.
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).
Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry". (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.
The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database). Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018. ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?
Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401; https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.