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Issue №: 4 (19)

Published: 2020.12.31
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-4


Description:
The issue of the journal deals with the study of optimization of technological methods of growing crops using of drugs of biological origin. A special role is given to the influence of perennial grasses on the improvement of soil fertility, ecological-adaptive selection, peculiarities of vegetable growing, ecology and environmental protection, introduction of ornamental plants.

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INFLUENCE OF SOIL MULCHING ON YIELD AND DYNAMICS OF ZUCCHINI FRUIT FORMATION IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE RIGHT-RIVER FOREST STEPPE

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-4-11
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Palamarchuk Inna Ivanivna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of forestry, landscape gardeniing, horticulture and viticulture, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str.3,email: pal_inna@vsau.vin.ua).

Annotation

The results of researches on studying of influence of mulching of soil on formation of a crop of plants of a zucchini in the conditions of the Right - bank Forest - steppe are resulted.  The dependence of the phases of growth and development of zucchini plants, the dynamics of fruiting and yield in general on the type of mulching material was revealed.  The use of synthetic mulching materials helped to reduce the interphase periods, increase yields and the percentage of early and late harvest.  Mulching materials of organic origin extended the interphase periods.  Thus, the shorter germination period - the beginning of fruit formation was by mulching the soil with perforated black polyethylene film and black agrofiber, which is 5-8 days shorter than the control, respectively.  The longest harvest of zucchini was carried out on options for mulching the soil with black agrofiber and perforated black polyethylene film, depending on the variety, the duration of fruiting ranged from 67-85 days with the value of this indicator in the control 72-77 days.  The highest yield was obtained by mulching the soil with perforated black polyethylene film, where the increase relative to the control was 10.9 - 28.0 t / ha, respectively.  The highest percentage of harvested early products was provided by options for mulching the soil with black agrofiber and perforated black polyethylene film at the level of 6.6-8.3% in 2016 (control - 0.8-4.1%) and 3.2-5,  0% in 2018, while in the control versions the collection started a decade later.  The most intensive fruiting of zucchini was observed from the first decade of July to the first decade of August for all years of research.

Keywords: zucchini, mulching material, fruiting dynamics, yield.

List of references

.1.Bondarenko H. L. (2001). Metodyka doslidnoi spravy v ovochivnytstvi i bashtannytstvi [Methodology of experimental work in vegetable and melon]. Kh.: Osnova. [in Ukrainian].

2.DSTU 318 91 (2010). Kabachki svezhie. Tehnicheskie usloviya: Vveden [The zucchini is fresh. Specifications]. 01.01.92. K: izd. ofitsialnoe, 8 s. [in Ukrainian].

3.Vitanov O. D. (1998). Sy`stema zahodiv borot`by` z bur'yanamy` v posivah ovochevy`h kul`tur [A system of weed control measures in vegetable crops]. Harkiv. [in Ukrainian].

4.Palamarchuk I. I. (2018). Vpliv mulchuvannya gruntu na urozhaynist plodiv kabachka v umovah Lisostepu Pravoberezhnogo Ukrayini [The influence of mulching the soil on fruit yield of zucchini in the conditions of forest-Steppe of right-Bank Ukraine]. Visnik Lvivskogo natsionalnogo agrarnogo universitetu – Bulletin of Lviv national agrarian University, Issue 22 (2). 74-78 [in Ukrainian].

5.Palamarchuk I. I. (2013). Efektivnist zastosuvannya vodoutrimuyuchih granul Akvod pri viroschuvanni kabachka za mulchuvannya Gruntu v Pravoberezhnomu Lisostepu Ukrayini [The efficacy of podotremata granules Aquad when growing squash for soil mulching in the right Bank forest-steppe of Ukraine]. Zbirnik naukovih prats «Naukovi dopovidi NUBIP Ukrayini» – Collection of scientific papers "Scientific reports, NULESU". Issue. 41 [in Ukrainian]. 

6.Palamarchuk I. I. (2020). Mul`chuvannya gruntu yak agrozaxid pry` vy`roshhuvanni kabachka v umovax Lisostepu Pravoberezhnogo [Mulching the soil as an agricultural measure when growing zucchini in the Forest-Steppe Right Bank]. Mizhnar. nauk.-prakt. konf. «Vy`kory`stannya innovacijny`x texnologij v agronomiyi», 3-4 cherv. Vinny`cya [in Ukrainian].

7.Palamarchuk I. I. (2020). Osobly`vosti vy`roshhuvannya kabachka za mul`chuvannya gruntu v umovax Lisostepu pravoberezhnogo Ukrayiny [Features of growing zucchini for mulching the soil in the forest-steppe of the right bank of Ukraine]. Zbirnik naukovih prats «Naukovi dopovidi NUBIP Ukrayini» – Collection of scientific papers "Scientific reports, NULESU". 2(84). 1–11 [in Ukrainian].

8.Palamarchuk I. I. (2013). Produkty`vnist` ta dy`namika plodonoshennya kabachka za mul`chuvannya g`runtu v umovax Pravoberezhnogo Lisostepu [Productivity and dynamics of zucchini fruiting during soil mulching in the conditions of the Right Bank Forest-Steppe]. Mizhvidomchy`j tematy`chny`j naukovy`j zbirny`k. Insty`tut ovochivny`cztva i bashtanny`cztva – Interdepartmental thematic scientific collection. Institute of Vegetable and Melon Growing. Issue 59. 226–234 [in Ukrainian].

9.Feldman R. S., Holmes C. E. and Blomgren, T. A. (2000). Use of fabric and compost mulches for vegetable production in a low tillage, permanent bed system: Effects on crop yield and labour. Amer. J. Alternative Agr. 15 (4). 146 – 153 [in English].

10.Guilbert, S. and Gontard, N. (2005). Agro-polymers for edible and biodegradable films: review of agricultural polymeric materials, physical and mechanical characteristics. In: Innovations in food packaging (ed. Han JH). Elsevier, Amsterdam, 263–276 [in English].

11.Sun Xiaoren А study on soil tmperature when mulched by transparent plastic film: URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/plastic-mulch [in English].

 

 

All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the Index Copernicus evaluation process positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?  Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.