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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (30)

Published: 2023.11.09
DOI: DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2023-3


Description:
Publications contains the results of researches on optimization of technological methods of cultivation of crops, preservation of soil fertility, greening of agricultural production, modern directions of selection, reproduction of forest resources.

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INFLUENCE OF OILSEED RADISH ON SOIL STRUCTURE DURING ITS INTERMEDIATE (GREEN MANURE) USE

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2023-3-3
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Tsytsiura Yaroslav Grigoryevich − Candidate of Agricultural Sciences (PhD), Associate Professor of the Department of Soil Management, Soil Science and Agrochemistry, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. (21008, Vinnytsia town, Sonyachna st., build 5/42, email: yaroslavtsytsyura@ukr.net, 0675854008).

Lira Oleksandr Mykolaiovych − student of group 31 A, Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. (4 Sonyachna St., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, email: saniek.lira@gmail.com, 0959468070).

 

Annotation

The results of a three-year cycle of studying the influence of intermediate green manure using oil radish on the formation of basic indicators of the structure of gray forest soil in comparison with the control without green manure are presented. Based on the assessment of the hydrothermal regime in July-October, the possibility of using oil radish for an intermediate summer green manure variant was analyzed, and both the productivity of the formation of its leaf-stem mass and the general morphological development of the root system of plants, which is one of the main criteria for effective green manure establishment in terms of optimizing the granulometric composition of the soil profile or its root part, were additionally assessed. The use of two software packages FijiImageJ2 and BaseGrain for visualization of experimental data and formation of a morphometric database of indicators based on the analysis of soil images from different variants was adapted to assess the main and additional parameters of soil structural state. The results of visualization of the 3D soil profile display system are presented, taking into account different variants of the experiment, and the possibility of their use in the application to the study of soil properties and features of the formation of its modes based on a complex of properties is assessed. Non-traditional indicators (degree of soil crushing Dc and coefficient of structural aggregates diversity (GSd) were used for an in-depth study of the applied green manure variant in comparison with the control based on the averaging of their size and the use of percentage threshold analysis in view of the recommended optimal intervals of the ratio of individual fractions of soil particles in their total. The intervals of variation of the morphometry of soil aggregates under different technological options for pre-sowing soil use were determined. The obtained results were evaluated from the point of view of the influence of intermediate green manure on such indicators as optimization of soil cultivation conditions, improvement of its agronomically valuable structure, change in the dynamics of fractional composition, etc. The effectiveness of intermediate green manure application in summer intermediate sowings of oil radish was proved by increasing the coefficient of soil structure (Ks) while reducing the coefficient of soil structural aggregates diversity (GSd) and the overall variation of their size (by the coefficient of variation Cv).

Keywords: oilseed radish, green manure, soil structure, particle size distribution, tillage.

List of references

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2. Baliuk S.A., Medvediev V.V., Miroshnychenko M.M., Skrylnyk Ye.V., Tymchenko D.O., Fatieiev A.I., Khrystenko A.O., Tsapko Yu.L. (2012). Ekolohichnyi stan gruntiv Ukrainy [Ecological condition of Ukrainian soils]. Ukrainskyi heohrafichnyi zhurnal – Ukrainian Geographical Journal. № 2. 38-42. [in Ukrainian].

3. Holubtsov O., Sorokina L., Splodytel A., Chumachenko S. Vplyv viiny rosii proty Ukrainy na stan ukrainskykh gruntiv. (2023). [The impact of Russia's war against Ukraine on the state of Ukrainian soil]. Rezultaty analizu − Results of the analysis. Kyiv: HO «Tsentr ekolohichnykh initsiatyv «Ekodiia»». [in Ukrainian].

4. Baliuk S.A., Medvediev V.V., Truskavetskyi R.S., Miroshnychenko M.M., Kucher A.V., Momot A.F. (2017). Naukove zabezpechennia upravlinnia gruntovymy resursamy v konteksti yevrointehratsiinykh protsesiv [Scientific support of soil resources management in the context of European integration processes]. Posibnyk ukrainskoho khliboroba (naukovo-praktychnyi posibnyk) – Manual of the Ukrainian farmer (scientific and practical guide). Vol. 1. 54-62. [in Ukrainian].

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7. Martínez-Mena M., Carrillo-López E., Boix-Fayos C. (2020). Long-term effectiveness of sustainable land management practices to control runoff, soil erosion, and nutrient loss and the role of rainfall intensity in Mediterranean rainfed agroecosystems. Catena. Vol. 187. e104352. [in English].

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10. Tsytsiura Ya.H., Neilyk M.M., Didur I.M., Polishchuk M.I. (2022). Syderatsiia yak bazova skladova biolohizatsii suchasnykh system zemlerobstva. Monohrafiia [Green manure as a basic component of biologization of modern farming systems. Monograph]. Vinnytsia: Vydavets TOV «Druk», 2022. [in Ukrainian].

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15. Wong J. (2018). Handbook of Statistical Analysis and Data Mining Applications (Second Edition). Academic Press. 589 p. [in English].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List   ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 

https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=65401

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.