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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (10)

Published: 2018.12.21
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2018


Description:
Випуск присвячено вивченню технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Покращення лісових насаджень, екологізації сільсьеогосподарського виробництва.

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INFLUENCE OF FERTILIZERS AND PLANT DENSITY ON PRODUCTIVITY AND YIELD UTERINE OF ONION BULBS

DOI: XXXXX.XXXXXXXX
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Hotvianska Anna Sergiivna – postgraduate student of the Institute of vegetable growing and melon-growing of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, researcher of the Dnepropetrovsk Experimental Station of IVG of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (52041, villige Alexandrovka, Beloretskaya St., 17 e-mail: danilina_anny@ukr.net.).

Annotation

The article presents the results of studies on the effect of fertilizer and density seeding on the background of a differentiated irrigation on productivity and yield uterine bulbs of onion variety Lyubchik. The introduction of fertilizers promotes an increase in the yield of uterine bulbs by 3.0–4.2 t / ha. An increase in the density of onion planting to 1000–1,200 thousand pieces / ha provides an increase in the yield of uterine bulbs by 18.1–36.1% compared to the control. The fractional composition of the mother bulbs is determined depending on the elements of the technology under investigation. With an increase in the density of plants, the number of mother bulbs increases substantially due to an increase in the collection of the fraction of 30–39 mm. It has been established that the maximum productivity of the mother bulbs (35.1 t / ha) and their yield (517 thousand pieces / ha) is formed when the P45K30 is locally applied + 2 top-dressing N15 (fertigation) + 2 foliar top-dressings Reakom 3 l / ha and seeding density 1200 thousand pieces / ha on the background of drip irrigation with a differentiated moisture regime.

 

Keywords: fertilizer, plant density, onion, mother bulb, fraction, yield.

List of references

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2.Bronnikova L.F. (2018). Formuvannya azotnogo pozhyvnogo rezhymu gruntupry vyroshhuvanni kukurudzy na zerno [Formation of nitrogen nutrient regime of soil when growing corn on grain]. Zbirnyk naukovyx pracz VNAU. Silske gospodarstvo ta lisivnycztvo – Collection of scientific works of VNAU. Agriculture and forestry. 8, 53-61 [in Ukrainian]. 

3.Bielinska-Czarnecka M. (1982). Influence of size of onion buld cv. Czerniakowska on its dormancy, sprouting and rooting. Agrobc. Warszava. Vols. 34. 1, 129-136 [in Poland].

4.Kornienko S.I. (2014). Udobrennia ovochevikh i bashtannikh kultur[Vegetable and melon crops of fertilizers]: monohrafia. Vinnytsia. [in Ukrainian]. 

5.Boiko H.N., Los L.H., Vakulenko R.I. (2001). Effektivnost lokalnohosposoba vneseniia mineralnikh udobrenii pod bakhchevie i ovoshchnie kulturi [Efficiency of the local method of applying mineral fertilizers for melons and vegetables]. Ovochivnitstvo i bashtannitstvo – Vegetables and Melons. Issue. 46. 117-123 [in Ukrainian]. 

6.Britvich M.D., Honcharenko V.Yu. (1986). Vpliv dobriv na vrozhainisttsibuli zalezhno vid sortu i normi visivu nasinnia [Fertilizer effect on the yield of the onion depending on the variety and seeding rate of seeds]. Ovochivnitstvo i bashtannitstvo – Vegetables and Melons. Issue. 31. 12-13 [in Ukrainian]. 

7.Lisovii M.V. (2001). Resursozaoshchadzhuiucha tekhnolohia zastosuvanniamineralnikh dobriv [Resource-saving mineral fertilizer application]. Naukove zabezpechennia ahropromislovoho virobnitstva Kharkivskoi oblasti. Informatsiinii 

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10.Kuts O.V., Paramonova T.V., Hordienko I.N., Ilinova Yi.M. (2012).Efektivnist pozakorenevikh pidzhivlen kompleksnimi dobrivami pri viroshchuvanni tsibuli ripchfstoi [Efficiency of extra-root nutrition with integrated fertilizers when growing onion bulb]. Visnik Sumskoho ahrarnoho universitetu. Seriia: Ahronomiia i biolohia – Bulletin of the Sumy National Agrarian University. Series: Agronomy and Biology. Issue. 9. 50-53 [in Ukrainian]. 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.