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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 2 (21)

Published: 2021.06.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-2


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Розглянуто важливість впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами, озеленення територій, селекції та насінництва.

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INFLUENCE OF CULTIVATION TECHNOLOGY ELEMENTS ON THE FORMATION OF SOYBEAN PRODUCTIVITY IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE RIGHT-BANK FOREST-STEPPE

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-2-9
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Pelekh Ludmila Viktorivna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences (PhD), Senior Lecturer of the Department of Soil Management, Soil Science and Agrochemistry, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. (21008, Vinnytsia town, Soniachna Str. build 3/2, e-mail: gogoluda69@gmail.com).

Annotation

The article highlights the results of research on the impact of the main elements of soybean growing technology on the formation of productivity and seed quality indicators, in addition, the indicators of economic efficiency in growing this crop are stated.  Soybean is a light- and heat-loving crop. It requires a considerable amount of heat for normal growth and development. The crop is quite drought-resistant at the beginning of growth and much more demanding to moisture during flowering, bean formation and seed ripening phases. During these phases optimum soil moisture should be 70-80%. Soybean productivity depends on the number of formed and fully formed beans, and this number depends in turn on the length of daylight hours and the amount of moisture during the period of bean formation. If there is a lack of moisture, many beans will fall off beforehand, so the expected yield will no longer be forthcoming. It was found that high indices of individual productivity of soybean plants were obtained with double application of multicomponent microfertilizer Vuksal Microplant in the phase of budding and in the phase of formation of green beans. For the studied varieties under such growing conditions the number of beans per plant was 21,5-24,8 units, and the number of seeds per plant 44,3-63,5 units. Well and the mass of seeds per plant was respectively 7,0-8,0 g, weight of 1000 seeds 149,9- 158,7 g. The highest rates of seed yield of soybean varieties SG Anzer and Cardiff were recorded at 2.79-3.02 t / ha in variants where foliar feeding was carried out twice during the vegetation of plants. Indicators of the chemical composition of soybeans were formed in accordance with the climatic conditions prevailing in the years of the study. Thus, the index of crude protein in soybean seeds was at the level of 34.38-39.21%, the average crude fat content was 17-19%, and IDA index was 27.23-29.17%. The costs of growing different soybean varieties with different systems of foliar feeding differed slightly, but we noted the best economic efficiency (conditionally net profit, cost, profitability level) of growing soybeans within the scheme of our experiments, which were in the variants with two foliar feeding microfertilizer Vuxal Microplant.

 

Keywords: soybean, variety, foliar fertilization, microfertilizer, productivity, yield, seed quality.

List of references

1.Derevianskyi V. (2014). Udoskonalena tekhnolohiia vyroshchuvannia soi [Advanced soybean growing technology]. Propozytsiia - Holovnyi zhurnal z pytan ahrobiznesu –  Proposal - The main journal of agribusiness. 2014. 4-7.URL:https://propozitsiya.com/ua/try-charivni-vlastyvosti-soyi[in Ukrainian].

2.Petrychenko V.F. (2006). Vplyv ahroklimatychnykh faktoriv na produktyvnist soi [Influence of agroclimatic factors on soybean productivity]. Visnyk ahrarnoi nauky – Bulletin of agrarian science. 2. 19-23 [in Ukrainian].

3.Babych A.O., Venedyktov O.M. (2006). Modeli tekhnolohii vyroshchuvannia soi, yii ekonomichna efektyvnist ta konkurentospromozhnist [Models of soybean cultivation technology, its economic efficiency and competitiveness]. Kormy i kormovyrobnytstvo – Feed and feed production. Issue 56. 22-29 [inUkrainian].

4.Polishchuk I.S., Polishchuk M.I., Yurchenko N. A.(2019). Tryvalist periodu vehetatsii ta mizhfaznykh periodiv sortiv soi zalezhno vid strokiv sivby ta norm vysivu nasinnia [The duration of the growing season and the interphase periods of soybean  varieties  depending  on the timing of  sowing  and  seeding  rates].  Zbirnyk naukovykh prats. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo – Collection of scientific works. Agriculture and forestry. № 15. 64-71 [in Ukrainian].

5.Zabarna T, Pelekh L.(2020). Produktyvnist sortiv soi zalezhno vid vplyvu hruntovo-klimatychnykh umov pravoberezhnoho Lisostepu Ukrainy. [Productivity of soybean varieties depending on the influence of soil and climatic conditions of the right-bank forest steppe of Ukraine]. Slovak international scientific journal Vol.1. 6-11 [in Ukrainian].

6.Zabarna T. A., Peleh L. V. (2020). Formirovanie simbioticheskoy produktivnosti sortov soi v usloviyah Pravoberejnoy Lesostepi Ukrainyi. [Formation of symbiotic productivity of soybean varieties in the conditions of the Right-Bank forest-steppe of Ukraine]. Izvestiya Nijnevoljskogo agrouniversitetskogo kompleksa: nauka i vyisshee professionalnoe obrazovanie –  Bulletin of the Nizhnevolzhsky agro-university complex: science and higher professional education 1(57). 115-125.[in Russian].

7.Dzhemesiuk O. V., Novytska N. V., Svystunova I. V. (2015). Vplyv pidzhyvlennia na dynamiku formuvannia ploshchi lystkovoi poverkhni posiviv soi. [Influence of fertilization on the dynamics of soybean leaf surface area formation]. Visnyk Zhytomyrskoho natsionalnoho ahroekolohichnoho universytetu– Visnyk of Zhytomyr National Agroecological University. 2(50). 207-212. [in Ukrainian].

8.Sanin Yu. V., Sanin V. A. (2012). Osoblyvosti pozakorenevoho pidzhyvlennia silskohospodarskykh kultur mikroelementamy [Features of foliar feeding of crops with microelements]. Ahrobiznes sohodni– Agribusiness today 6(229).URL:http://www.agrobusiness.com.ua/2010-06-11-12-53-00/964-2012-04- 02-12-40-00.html. [in Ukrainian].

9.Novytska N. V., Dzhemesiuk O. V. (2017). Formuvannia urozhainosti soi pid vplyvom inokuliatsii ta pidzhyvlennia [Formation of soybean yield under the influence of inoculation and fertilization]. Visnyk Poltavskoi derzhavnoi ahrarnoi akademii. Silske hospodarstvo. Roslynnytstvo – Visnyk of Poltava State Agrarian Academy. Agriculture. Plant growing. № 1-2. 43-47. [in Ukrainian].

10.Didora V. H. Produktyvnist soi v umovakh Polissia zalezhno vid elementiv tekhnolohiivyroshchuvannia. [Productivity of soybeans in the conditions of Polissya depending on elements of technology of cultivation]. URL:https: //www.agronom.com.ua/ [in Ukrainian].

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.