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Сільське господарство та лісівництво

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (18)

Published: 2020.11.29
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, адаптивній селекції, особливостей вирощування овочевих культур, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами, інтродукції декоративних рослин.

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INFLUENCE OF BEE FEEDING WITH SOY PEPTON ON THE INTENSITY OF BREEDING GROWING IN THE CONDITIONS OF POLLINATION OF GREENHOUSES

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3-15
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Razanov Serhii – Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Sonaychna St., 3, e-mail: razanov@vsau.vin. ua). 

Nedashkivskii Volodymyr – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of safety and quality of food, raw materials and technological processes (09117, Bila Tserkva, pl. Soborna, 8/1, e-mail: profkom1967@ukr.net).

 

Annotation

Expansion of areas for crops of entomophytic crops, including vegetables in closed soil conditions requires an increase in the number of bee colonies and increase the efficiency of pollination.  It is known that the intensity of bee pollination of entomophytic crops significantly depends on the strength of bee colonies, in particular, on the number of bees in it.  It has been proved that the creation of strong bee families is impossible without full-fledged feeding of bees, which is not always possible to organize, especially in closed soil conditions. Under such conditions, the vital activity of bees is disrupted, which negatively affects the efficiency of pollination of entomophytic greenhouse crops. It is proved that keeping bee colonies in closed soil leads to a sharp decrease in dry matter, amino acids and proteins.  At the same time, it is necessary to note a sharp decline in the development and strength of bee colonies. The results of the research showed a certain efficiency of using soy flour after its preliminary fermentation.  In particular, feeding bee colonies with soy peptone in powdered sugar increased the growth of brood by 31.6% compared to their counterparts, which included soy flour in the feed additive. Bee colonies that were not fed protein substitutes raised less brood compared to their counterparts in the first and second experimental groups, 1.1% and 29.7%, respectively. At the same time, it should be noted that keeping bee colonies in closed soil conditions significantly reduced the number of brood grown in all experimental  groups.  However, the lowest intensity of reduction was in bee colonies fed a feed mixture containing soy peptone.  There is a certain effect of feeding bee colonies with protein substitutes in the closed soil on the chemical composition of their body: to increase the content of protein, fat, ash, calcium and phosphorus.

 

Keywords: bee colonies, development, brood, closed soils, protein, fat, ash, soy flour, soy peptone

List of references

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2.Vakhonyna T.V., Yakovleva L.P. (1979). Kachestvo pyltsy i ee proteyny [Pollen quality and its proteins]. Pchelovodstvo – Beekeeping. 8. 26-28. [in Russian]. 

3.Vakhonyna T.V., Yakovleva L.P. (1981). Proteyn monolernoi obolochky y eho aktyvnye soedynenyia [Monoler shell protein and its active compounds]. Pcheloopylenye entomofylnykh kultur y medonosnaia baza pchelovodstva – Bee pollination of entomophilous crops and the honey base of beekeeping. Bukharest –Bucharest. 63-68. [in Romania].

4.Vynohradova T.V. (1962). Sbor y khranenye pyltsy y perhy [Collection and storage of pollen and bee bread]. Pchela y zdorove cheloveka – Bee and human health.  M. 154-155. [in Russian].

5.Hareev A.N. (1972). Raskhodovanye korma pchelynoi semei v techenye hoda [The consumption of feed by the bee family throughout the year]. Tr.NYY pchelovodstva.- Research Institute of Beekeeping. Issue. 7. 39-48. [in Russian].

6.Hlushkov N. M. (1964). Tsvetochnaia pyltsa, sobyraemaia pchelamy y puty ee yspolzovanyia [Flower pollen collected by bees and ways of using it]. M.: Kolos. [in Russian].

7.Holubynskyi Y.N. (1974). Byolohyia prorastanyia pyltsy [Pollen germination biology]. Kyev: Nauk. dumka. [in Ukrainian].

8.Kovalskyi Yu.V., Kyryliv Ya. I. (2004). Vplyv kormovoi dobavky na yakist zymivli bdzhil [Influence of feed additive on the quality of wintering bees]. Nauk. visnyk NAU – Science.  Bulletin of NAU. 74. 185-190. [in Ukrainian].

9.Kochetov A.S. Antaniazov R.R. (2005). Vlyianye  pepsyna na medonosnыkh pchёl (Apis mellifera) [Effect of pepsin on honey bees (Apis mellifera)]. Materyaly nauchno­ praktycheskoi konferentsyy «Zookultura y byolohycheskye  resursy» (fevral 2004). Moskva: Tovaryshchestvo nauchnykh yzdanyi – Materials of the scientific and practical conference "Zooculture and biological resources" (February 2004).  Moscow: Association of Scientific Publications. 108­109. [in Russian].

10.Kochetov A.S., Antaniazov P.P. (2005). Vlyianye pepsyna na medonosnыkh pchёl vo vremia zymovky y letnyi peryod [Effect of pepsin on honey bees during wintering and in summer ]. Materyaly 3­i mezhdunarodnoi nauchno­praktycheskoi konferentsyy «Chelovek y zhyvotnye» (mai 2005). Sbornyk nauchnykh trudov. Astrakhan – Materials of the 3rd International Scientific and Practical Conference "Man and Animals" (May 2005).  Collection of scientific papers.  Astrakhan. 21­22. [in Russian]. 

11.Kochetov A.S., Antaniazov R.R. (2004). Yzuchenyia vlyianyia proteolytycheskoho fermenta pepsyna na zhyznedeiatelnost pchelynykh semei v zymnyi peryod [Study of the effect of the proteolytic enzyme pepsin on the vital activity of bee colonies in winter]. Materyaly mezhdunarodnoi nauchno­praktycheskoi konferentsyy molodykh uchёnykh y spetsyalystov «Vklad molodykh uchёnykh v razvytye ahrarnoi nauky XXI veka» (mart 2004). Sbornyk nauchnykh trudov. Riazan – Materials of the international scientific and practical conference of young scientists and specialists "The contribution of young scientists to the development of agrarian science of the XXI century" (March 2004).  Collection of scientific papers.  Ryazan. 38­40. [in Russian].

12.Lokutova O. (2002). Otsinka botanichnoho pokhodzhennia bdzholynoho obnizhzhia [Estimation of botanical origin of bee pollen]. Ukrainskii pasichnyk – Ukrainian beekeeper. 2. 5-9. [in Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).