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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1 (24)

Published: 2022.05.03
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2022-1


Description:
The issue of the magazine is devoted to the improvement of technological methods of growing crops. A special role is given to the influence of legumes on increasing soil fertility, ecology and environmental protection, methods of pest control and the introduction of ornamental plants and breeding

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IMPROVEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY OF OBTAINING HIGH QUALITY OF ORGANIC FERTILIZERS WITH THE USE OF ASSOCIATED LAYER WATER AND PROBIOTICS

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2022-1-14
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Pisarenko P.V. – Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Ecology, Sustainable Nature Management and Environmental Protection, Poltava State Agrarian University.                       

Samoilik M.S. –  Doctor of Economics, Professor, Professor of Ecology, Sustainable Nature Management and Environmental Protection, Poltava State Agrarian University.

Taranenko A.O. –  Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of Ecology, Sustainable Nature Management and Environmental Protection, Poltava State Agrarian University.

Tsova Yu.A. – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Ecology, Sustainable Nature Management and Environmental Protection, Poltava State Agrarian University.

 

 

Annotation

At the current level of development of agricultural production there are facts of environmental degradation due to the use of agrochemicals. The introduction of scientifically sound ecological technology of agriculture, which is based on the system of ecological safety of the environment and human health, can prevent possible negative effects. To ensure the sustainable development of modern agricultural production and the use of chemicals in limited quantities, there is a problem of their partial replacement by alternative low-cost measures based on natural processes of self-renewal. The aim of our studies was to determinate the effectiveness of obtaining high-quality organic fertilizers using associated water (SPV) and probiotic preparations that accord the requirements of environmentally friendly resource-saving technologies for growing crops. Ecological and trophic groups of soil microorganisms were determined by seeding certain dilutions of soil suspensions. The results of experiments show positive changes in quality and phytosanitary state of organic manure during three months of combined use of SPV (150 l t) and probiotics (100 l/t). The results of bacteriological research show that the level of pathogenic microorganisms decreased by 98-100% after 3 months of composting with native and 10% probiotic solution. Salmonella and Escherichia coli pathogens have not been identified. The cleaning efficiency was lower at 1% and 0.1% probiotic solution. According to mycological research the total number of fungi was 206.9 thousand/g, by 27% more than the control sample. The content of pathogenic fungi decreased by 88% compared to control. It was found that SPV and probiotics changes the chemical composition of manure. Although SPV does not contain large amount of essential mineral nutrients, but SPV are a valuable natural source of microelements that have a positive effect on the crops growth. In particular, the content of potassium in manure increased by 20.8%, phosphorus - by 41.8%, total nitrogen - by 45.8%, organic matter - by 10%. Thus, the integrated use of SPV and probiotics can destroy ruderal vegetation, reduce the germination of weed seeds, improve the quality of manure by enriching it with microelements, disinfect manure from pathogenic microorganisms and fungi. All these advantages make it possible to obtain high-quality organic fertilizer that allows you to optimize the soil nutrient regime.

Research results show that the use of SPV and probiotics contribute to increase biological activity in the top soil layer, which determines the specific conditions of transformation of organic matter and productivity of agrobiocenosis. The proportion of microorganisms in the microbial cenosis with SPV 1200 l/ha and probiotics 100 l/ha is 19.2 ± 0.90 million (number of cells in 1 gram of completely dry soil), which is much higher than control (5.9 ± 0.21 million). Using SPV 1200 l/ha and probiotics 100 l/ha stimulates the growth and development of microscopic fungi and cellulose-destroying microorganisms involved in the decomposition of crop residues. There is an increase in the number of oligonitrophilic microorganisms that complete the mineralization of organic residues.

 

Keywords: probiotic, associated water, manure, organic fertilizers, microorganisms.

List of references

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2.Beck-Broichsitter S., Fleige H., Horn R. (2018). Compost quality and its function as a soil conditioner of recultivation layers – a critical review. International Agrophysics. № 32. 11–18. DOI: 10.1515/ intag-2016-0093 [In English]

3.Volkohon V. V. Derkach S. M., Dimova S. B., Miahka M. V., Lutsenko N. V., Shtanko N. P., Nakonechna L. T. (2018). Biokompostuvannia orhanichnoho substratu na osnovi ptashynoho poslidu za introduktsii asotsiatsii hrybiv Trichoderma harzianum 128 [Biocomposting of organic substrate based on avian manure with the introduction of the association of fungi Trichoderma harzianum 128]. Ahroekolohichnyi zhurnal− Agroecological Journal. №1. 108–115. [In Ukrainian]

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5.Rusakov D.S., Didukh V.F., Tomiuk V.V. (2014). Promyslove vyrobnytstvo orhanichnykh, orhano-mineralnykh ta hranulovanykh dobryv na osnovi sapropeliv [Industrial production of organic, organo-mineral and granular fertilizers based on sapropels]. Visnyk Lvivskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu− Bulletin of Lviv National Agrarian University. №18. 37–42. [In Ukrainian]

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13.Pysarenko, P., Samoilik, M., Taranenko, A., Tsova, Y., Sereda, M. (2021). Influence of probiotics-based products on phytopathogenic bacteria and fungi in agrocenosis [Influence of probiotics-based products on phytopathogenic bacteria and fungi in agrocenosis]. Agraarteadus − Agraarteadus. №32(2).  303-306. DOI: 10.15159/jas.21.41. [In English].

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019, 2020 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018, 2019, 2020 Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

The ICV for 2020 is visible on the full list of indexed journals at ICI Journals Master List 2020 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in Journal`s Passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=65401&lang=pl

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.