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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1 (24)

Published: 2022.05.03
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2022-1


Description:
The issue of the magazine is devoted to the improvement of technological methods of growing crops. A special role is given to the influence of legumes on increasing soil fertility, ecology and environmental protection, methods of pest control and the introduction of ornamental plants and breeding

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IMPACT OF HERBICIDES ON THE FORMATION OF CHICKPEA YIELD

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2022-1-2
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Shkatula Yurii – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Agriculture, Soil Science and Agrochemistry of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna St. 3., e-mail: shkatula@vsau.vin.ua). 

Annotation

One of the main reasons for the decline in the yield of chickpea seeds is the high weediness of crops. It is determined by the potential stock of weed seeds in the soil and its long-term viability. The presence of large amounts of weed seeds in the soil creates significant problems for growing chickpeas. Therefore, the assessment of weed efficiency of any farming system or its component should be based on quantitative changes in potential soil weeds. The interaction between crops and weeds in chickpea crops has its own characteristics, because in the first period of the growing season they grow very slowly and have little effect on the conditions of weed growth, so there is a rapid growth of segetal vegetation. In the technology of growing chickpeas in the plant protection system traditionally use the chemical method. However, even with high efficiency, this method does not always give the desired results, there is a violation of ecological balance in agrocenoses, reduction of species biodiversity, contamination of soil and plants with chemicals, reducing product quality. Observance of agrotechnologies, constant phytosanitary monitoring, effective diagnostics and forecast of development and spread of harmful organisms in chickpea crops are important in ensuring proper phytosanitary condition. Regulation of weeds and their harmful effects in agrophytocenoses of chickpea drawing them to an economically harmless level is a significant condition in the technology of its cultivation. The main control of weeds is done at the beginning of the growing season, because at this time chickpeas grow very slowly, and are in the rosette phase for a long time, and therefore cannot withstand competition from weeds. To increase the yield of chickpea seeds, an important place in the technology of cultivation belongs to the use of herbicides and biological products. Inoculation of chickpea seeds with Rhizobophyte at a rate of 1 l / t and a biofungicide Biopolicide at a rate of 100 ml / t and application of soil herbicide Frontier Optima, 72% e. c., at a rate of 1.2 l / ha help to reduce weeds up to 91%, and the capacity to obtain a yield of chickpea seeds at 2.12 t / ha.

 

Keywords: chickpeas, agrocenosis, technology, weeds, herbicides, biologicals, yield.

List of references

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3.Hutianskyi R.A. (2015). Formation of the yield and protein content in chickpea seeds under the action of herbicides in the eastern part of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. [Formation of the yield and protein content in chickpea seeds under the action of herbicides in the eastern part of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine]. Kormy i kormovyrobnytstvo − Feed and feed production. Issue. 80. [in Ukrainian].

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9.Manko Yu. P. (2000). The problem of potential weediness of arable land and directions of its solution in agriculture. Peculiarities of crop weeding and protection against weeds in modern conditions: materials of the 2nd scientific-theoretical conference of herbologists. [The problem of potential weediness of arable land and directions of its solution in agriculture]. Kyiv, March 1-2, 2000. Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian Sciences, Ukrainian Scientific Society of Herbologists. Kyiv: Svit. [in Ukrainian].

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11.Shevnikov M. Ya. (2004). Methods and norms of soybean sowing in the conditions of the Left-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. [Methods and norms of soybean sowing in the conditions of the Left-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine].  Visnyk Poltavskoi derzhavnoi ahrarnoi akademii − Bulletin of the Poltava State Agrarian Academy. №3. [in Ukrainian].

12.Shevnikov M. Ya., Milenko O. G. (2015). Interspecific competition and weed infestation depending on the agrophytocenosis model. [Interspecific competition and weed infestation depending on the agrophytocenosis model]. Visnyk ahrarnoi nauky Prychornomoria − Bulletin of Agrarian Science of the Black Sea Region. Issue. 3. [in Ukrainian].

13.Shkatula Yu.M. (2019). Influence of herbicides and growth stimulants on weed infestation and biometrics of bean plants. [Influence of herbicides and growth stimulants on weed infestation and biometrics of bean plants]. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo − Agriculture and forestry. Issue.12. [in Ukrainian].

14.Shkatula Yu. M., Votik V. O. (2020). Ways to increase the yield of chickpea seeds. [Ways to increase the yield of chickpea seeds.]. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo − Agriculture and forestry. Issue 17. [in Ukrainian].

 

All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019, 2020 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018, 2019, 2020 Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

The ICV for 2020 is visible on the full list of indexed journals at ICI Journals Master List 2020 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in Journal`s Passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=65401&lang=pl

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.