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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1 (24)

Published: 2022.05.03
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2022-1


Description:
The issue of the magazine is devoted to the improvement of technological methods of growing crops. A special role is given to the influence of legumes on increasing soil fertility, ecology and environmental protection, methods of pest control and the introduction of ornamental plants and breeding

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GROWING OF OIL CROPS AND INTENSITY OF ACCUMULATION OF HEAVY METALS IN SOILS UNDER THEIR MINERAL FERTILIZATION IN THE CONDITIONS OF VINNICHNA REGION

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2022-1-16
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Hutsol Halyna Vasylivna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsya, Soniachna Str. 3, еmail: gucolg@ukr.net.).

Mazur Olha – postgraduate student of Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna St.3; e-mail: vnau.eco@i.ua).

 

Annotation

The article presents statistical and calculated indicators on the volumes of oilseeds cultivation,  the  effect  of mineral  fertilization  of soils during the cultivation of oilseeds on the intensity of the intake of heavy metals in them is investigated. An analysis of the cultivation of oilseeds in the Vinnytsia region showed that their total sown area as of 2021 was 351.5 thousand/ ha, of which 81.6% - sunflower, 17.7% - winter rape and 0.6% - spring rapeseed. The sown area and production volumes of sunflower seeds in the Vinnitsa region for all categories of farms amounted to 300.8 thousand/ha and 10,053.4 thousand/centner, respectively. Under the conditions of enterprises, the sown area under sunflower was 95.4%, and the volume of production - 96.4%, while in the households of the population these indicators were in the range of 4.5% and 3.6%. The sown area and production volumes of winter rapeseed seeds in the Vinnitsa region amounted to 62.8 thousand/ha and 2103.3 thousand/centner, respectively. In terms of enterprises, the area for growing sunflower was 99.2%, and in households - 0.8%, production volumes, respectively - 99.4% and 0.6%. Spring rape under the conditions of enterprises occupied 87.5% of the area, and in the conditions of households - 12.5%. The volume of production of seeds of spring rape in the conditions of enterprises amounted to 92.6%, in households - 7.3%. It was found that the highest amount of lead and cadmium entering the soil was observed during the cultivation of winter rapeseed. So, when growing winter rapeseed with mineral fertilizers, more lead and cadmium get into the soil 2.0 times and 2.4 times, respectively, compared to sunflower. When growing spring rapeseed in soils with mineral fertilizers, 1.7 times less lead and 1.75 times less lead and cadmium, compared to winter rape, get into the soil.

 

Keywords: soil, oilseeds, seeds, sunflower, rapeseed, production, enterprise.

List of references

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019, 2020 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018, 2019, 2020 Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

The ICV for 2020 is visible on the full list of indexed journals at ICI Journals Master List 2020 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in Journal`s Passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=65401&lang=pl

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.