GROWING OF OIL CROPS AND INTENSITY OF ACCUMULATION OF HEAVY METALS IN SOILS UNDER THEIR MINERAL FERTILIZATION IN THE CONDITIONS OF VINNICHNA REGION
Hutsol Halyna Vasylivna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsya, Soniachna Str. 3, еmail: email@example.com.).
Mazur Olha – postgraduate student of Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna St.3; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
The article presents statistical and calculated indicators on the volumes of oilseeds cultivation, the effect of mineral fertilization of soils during the cultivation of oilseeds on the intensity of the intake of heavy metals in them is investigated. An analysis of the cultivation of oilseeds in the Vinnytsia region showed that their total sown area as of 2021 was 351.5 thousand/ ha, of which 81.6% - sunflower, 17.7% - winter rape and 0.6% - spring rapeseed. The sown area and production volumes of sunflower seeds in the Vinnitsa region for all categories of farms amounted to 300.8 thousand/ha and 10,053.4 thousand/centner, respectively. Under the conditions of enterprises, the sown area under sunflower was 95.4%, and the volume of production - 96.4%, while in the households of the population these indicators were in the range of 4.5% and 3.6%. The sown area and production volumes of winter rapeseed seeds in the Vinnitsa region amounted to 62.8 thousand/ha and 2103.3 thousand/centner, respectively. In terms of enterprises, the area for growing sunflower was 99.2%, and in households - 0.8%, production volumes, respectively - 99.4% and 0.6%. Spring rape under the conditions of enterprises occupied 87.5% of the area, and in the conditions of households - 12.5%. The volume of production of seeds of spring rape in the conditions of enterprises amounted to 92.6%, in households - 7.3%. It was found that the highest amount of lead and cadmium entering the soil was observed during the cultivation of winter rapeseed. So, when growing winter rapeseed with mineral fertilizers, more lead and cadmium get into the soil 2.0 times and 2.4 times, respectively, compared to sunflower. When growing spring rapeseed in soils with mineral fertilizers, 1.7 times less lead and 1.75 times less lead and cadmium, compared to winter rape, get into the soil.
1.Chehova І.V., Chehov S.A. (2018). Teoretichnі osnovi funkcіonuvannja vіtchiznjanogo rinku olіjnih kul'tur [Theoretical bases of functioning of the domestic market of oilseeds]. Ekonomіchnij prostіr. − Economic space. № 134. 70-78. [in Ukrainian].
2.Gubenko L.V., Zadubinna Є.V., Tarasenko T.V. (2018). Formuvannja produktivnostі sonjashniku zalezhno vіd sistem osnovnogo obrobіtku ґruntu і udobrennja [Making up of productivity of sunflower depending on expedients of the cultural operations and fertilization]. Zemlerobstvo.− Agriculture. Issue. 1. 27-31. [in Ukrainian].
3.Saharchuk O.V., Garbar L.A. (2018). Optimіzacіja umov zhivlennja za viroshhuvannja sonjashniku [Optimization of nutrition conditions of sunflower growing]. Mironіvs'kij vіsnik.− Myronivskyi Herald. Issue. 7. 146-155. [in Ukrainian].
4.Lihochvor V.V. (2008). Mіneral'nі dobriva ta їh zastosuvannja [Mineral fertilizers and their application]. L'vіv: Ukraїns'kі tehnologії. 312. [in Ukrainian].
5.Kovalenko І. (2020). Osoblivostі desikacії sonjashniku [Features ofsunflower desiccation]. Agrobіznes s'ogodnі. URL: http://agrobusiness. com.ua/ agro/ ahronomiia-sohodni/item/18280-osoblyvosti- desykatsii-soniashnyku.html. (appeal date 18.11.2021). [in Ukrainian].
6.Razanov S.F., Tkachuk O.P., Bakhmat O.M., Razanova A.M. (2020). [Reducing danger of heavy metals accumulation in winter wheat grain which is grown after leguminous perennial precursor]. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. 10 (1). 254-260. [in Ukrainian].
7.Gucol G. V. (2019). Doslіdzhennja іntensivnostі zabrudnennja ґruntіv sіl's'kogospodars'kogo priznachennja vazhkimi metalami v NDG «Agronomіchne» Vіnnic'kogo nacіonal'nogo agrarnogo unіversitetu [Research of intensity of pollution of gricultural purpose soils by heavy metals in the educational and recearch farm «Agronomichne»]. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo – Agriculture and Forestry. № 13. 45-53. [in Ukrainian].
8.Gebauer, S.K., Psota, T.L., Harris, W.S., Kris-Etherton, P.M. (2006). [N-3 Fatty acid dietary recommendations and food sources to achieve essentiality and cardiovascular benefits]. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 83 (6). 1526–1535. doi: http://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/83.6. [in American].
9.Palamarchuk V.D., Pіdlubnij V.F. (2021). Produktivnіst' gіbridіv sonjashniku zalezhno vіd elementіv tehnologії viroshhuvannja [Productivity of sunflower hybrids depending on the elements of the growing technology]. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo – Agriculture and Forestry. №3 (22). 29-44. [in Ukrainian].
10.Lihochvor V.V. (2004). Roslinnictvo. Tehnologії viroshhuvannja sіl's'kogospodars'kih kul'tur [Plant growing. Technologies for growing crops]. Kiїv: Centr navchal'noї lіteraturi. 808. [in Ukrainian].
11.Polіshhuk A.A., Bulavkіna T.P. (2014). Rіpak: za і proti [Rapeseed: pros and cons]. Bulletin of the Poltava State Agrarian Academy −Vіsnik Poltavs'koї derzhavnoї agrarnoї akademії. № 3. 67-70. [in Ukrainian].
12.Kaletnіk G. M., Klimchuk O. V., Mazur V. A. (2019). Perspektivnіst' ta efektivnіst' virobnictva bіodizel'nogo paliva v Ukraїnі z olіjnih kul'tur [Prospects and efficiency of biodiesel production in Ukraine from oilseed crops]. Economy. Finances. Management: current issues of science and practice −Ekonomіka. Fіnansi. Menedzhment: aktual'nі pitannja nauki і praktiki. № 5. 7-17. [in Ukrainian].
13.Svіstula M.M., Skrepec' V.І., Demens'ka N.M., Gorb S.V., Єfremov D.V. (2010). Vpliv zgodovuvannja rіpakovoї makuhi na rіven' produktivnostі laktujuchih vіvcematok ta rozvitok їh potomstva [Influence of rapeseed meal feeding on the level of productivity of lactating ewes and development of their offspring]. Naukovij vіsnik "Askanіja-Nova" − Scientific Bulletin "Askania-Nova".Issue. 3. 138-144. [in Ukrainian].
14.Opanasenko І.P., Zaєc' A.P., Opanasenko G.V., Pan'ko V.V. (2010). Porіvnjal'na efektivnіst' vikoristannja makuhi rіpaku, ekstrudovanoї viki ta gorohu pri vіdgodіvlі molodnjaku velikoї rogatoї hudobi [Comparative efficiency of rapeseed meal, extruded vetch and pea in fattening young cattle]. Kormi і kormovirobnictvo − Feed and feed production. Issue. 67. 196-200. [in Ukrainian].
15.Razanov S.F., Nedashkіvs'kij V.M., Vergelіs V.І. (2020). Vpliv temperaturnih parametrіv і trivalostі cvіtіnnja rіpaku ozimogo na produktivnіst' bdzholinih sіmej [The productivity of bee colonies on diff erent temperature parameters and duration of the winter rape fl owering period]. Tehnologіja virobnictva і pererobki produkcії tvarinnictva − Technology of production and processing of livestock products. № 2. 98-103. [in Ukrainian].
16.Demchuk N. (2021). Jak rozpіznati defіcit pevnogo elementu zhivlennja na rіpaku? [How to recognize a deficiency of a certain nutrient in rapeseed?]. SuperAgronom.com. URL: https://superagronom.com/articles/533-yak-rozpiznati-defitsit-pevnogo-elementu-jivlennya-na-ripaku. (appeal date 25.10.2021). [in Ukrainian].
17.Derzhavna sluzhba staty`sty`ky` Ukrayiny`. State Statistics Service of Ukraine. [in Ukrainian].
Topics of the Journal:
Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:
Plant production, current state and prospects for development.
Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.
Feed production, current state and prospects for development.
Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.
Protection of plants.
Soil managment and soil quality improvement.
Forestry and gardening.
Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.
Ecology and environmental protection.
Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.
Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.
Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.
Directions and efficiency of crop production
Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.
Production of renewable energy from biological resources.
Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.
Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.
Horticulture and viticulture.
Processing and storage of crop products.
Beekeeping, current status and development trends.
Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.
Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.
Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.
The young scientist opinion.
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).
Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry". (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.
The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019, 2020 (international citation database). Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018, 2019, 2020 Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018. ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?
Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401; https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml
The ICV for 2020 is visible on the full list of indexed journals at ICI Journals Master List 2020 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in Journal`s Passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=65401&lang=pl
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.