GENETIC RESOURCE OF THE BLACKTHORN OR SLOE (PRUNUS SPINOSA L.) WITH VALUABLE ECONOMIC SIGNS FOR BREEDING ON YIELD AND QUALITY
Moskalets V.V. – Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Research Worker, Docent, Principal Researcher Institute of Horticulture, NAAS of Ukraine (03027, Kyiv-27, 23, Sadova, st., e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Moskalets T.Z. – Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor, Head of the Laboratory Institute of Horticulture, NAAS of Ukraine (03027, Kyiv-27, 23, Sadova, st., e-mail: email@example.com)
Shevchuk L.M. – Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Research Worker, Corresponding Member of NAAS of Ukraine, Professor of the Department National University of life and environmental sciences of Ukraine, The V.L. Symyrenka Department of Horticulture, (03041, Кyiv, Henerala Rodimtseva Str. 15, firstname.lastname@example.org)
Frantsishko V.S. – technical expert of horticulture, рrivate enterprise ‘Podil’s’ka rozkish’ (32319, Khmelnyts’ky region, Kamyanets-Podil’s’ky district, Muksha Kytaigorods’ka, 3, Zavods’ka st., e-mail: email@example.com)
Barat Yu.M. – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor Poltava State Agrarian University (36003, Poltava, Hryhoriy 1/3, Skovoroda st., e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Krasovsky V.V. – Candidate of Biological Sciences, Senior Research Worker, director Khorol Botanical Garden Ministry of Energy and Environmental Protection of Ukraine (37800, Poltava region, Khorol, 1/79, Kremenchugskaya st., office 46, e-mail: email@example.com).
The analysis of literature data allowed to highlight the importance of the plant Prunus spinosa L. as a valuable source material in the selection of stone crops and its fruits as raw materials for the food and pharmaceutical industries. Leading scientists have obtained a significant number of valuable forms and varieties of terrain, in particular in Ukraine created a variety Donets’kyy krupnyy, in the CIS such varieties as Desertnyy, Velykoplidnyy, Sverkhobilnyy, Sladkiy and others. The analysis of theoretical bases revealed that it is important in the selection of Prunus spinosa L. to involve wild species and forms with different ploidy, in particular the use of hexaploid Prunus spinosa L. avoids the stage of pentaploid hybrids in F1. It is noted that fruit juice called blackthorn or sloe is effective for the prevention of intestinal parasites, dysentery, nonspecific colitis, food poisoning, and also has antiviral and antibacterial properties, which is relevant during pandemics. Original data on the results of expeditionary research of the staff of the Institute of Horticulture of NAAS, conducted in the ecosystems of Polissya and Forest-Steppe of Ukraine are highlighted. It is shown that as a result of analytical selection and fruitful cooperation with amateur gardeners, valuable source material of Prunus spinosa L. was selected and studied. Selected clones of Prunus spinosa L. were introduced to the hospital of the Institute of Horticulture of NAAS, where during 2017-2021 it was studied by morphological features and biological properties. It was found that the forms selected in the conditions of Polissya and Northern Forest-Steppe are characterized by tallness (over 2.5 m), resistance to low negative temperatures, large-fruitedness and increased fruit weight (Nosivs’ky 1-17,
Nosivsk’y 2-17, Horokhivs’ky 1-20). Forms selected in the conditions of both Western and Eastern Forest-Steppe of Ukraine are characterized by short stature (height up to 1.6 m), absence of thorns, resistance to moisture deficiency in spring and summer, yield and excellent taste and aroma of fruits (Brodivs’ky 17-19, Mukshans’ky 2-14, Poltava late, Halyts’ky 07-21, Poltavs’ky 2-17).
Abundant fruiting of new forms of Prunus spinosa L. in 2021 allowed to harvest fruit from them and evaluate the morphological characteristics and biochemical parameters. The obtained data allowed to single out the most valuable in terms of fruit quality and suitability for food production.
1.Roslynnytstvo Ukrainy – 2018 rik: statystychnyi zbirnyk 2019. [Crop production of Ukraine - 2018: statistical collection]. Kyiv: Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy. URL: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ [In Ukrainian].
2.FAO Statistics Division 2018 URL: http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/ DesktopDefault.aspx. Nazva z ekranu. [in English].
3.Vyroshchuvannia plodovo-yahidnykh kultur v Ukraini – 2018: statystychni dani [Cultivation of fruit and berry crops in Ukraine - 2018: statistics]. Kyiv: Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy. 2019. URL: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/. [In Ukrainian]
4.Richnyi haluzevyi zvit «Sadivnytstvo ta yahidnytstvo v Ukraini – 2018». Asotsiatsiia «UKRSADPROM» [Annual industry report "Horticulture and berry growing in Ukraine - 2018". Association “UKRSADPROM”]. Kyiv, liutyi 2019 r. URL: http://ukrsadprom.org /blog/asotsiatsiya-ukrsadprom-publikuye-richnyj-galuzevyj-zvit-sadivnytstvo-ta-yagidnytstvo-2018. [In Ukrainian]
5.Metodychni rekomendatsii shchodo vyhotovlennia produktiv zdorovoho kharchuvannia z plodiv kalyny, ozhyny, kyzylu, terenu (2021) [Guidelines for the production of healthy foods from the fruits of European cranberrybush, European dewberry, European cornel, Sloe] / O.M. Lytovchenko, I.V. Hrynyk, V.V. Moskalets, T. Z. Moskalets, A.H. Vovkohon, V.S. Frantsishko, O.B. Lisovyi, T.I. Tykhyi, V.I. Skalyha, A.V. Kuznetsov; Za red. V.V. Moskaltsia. Kyiv: TOV «Tsentr uchbovoi literatury». [In Ukrainian]
6.Metodyka provedennia ekspertyzy sortiv roslyn hrupy plodovykh, yahidnykh, horikhoplidnykh, subtropichnykh ta vynohradu na prydatnist do poshyrennia v Ukraini (2016). [Methods of examination of plant varieties of fruit, berry, nut, subtropical and grape for suitability for distribution in Ukraine] /za red. S.O. Tkachyk. Vinnytsia. [In Ukrainian]
7.Metodyka provedennia ekspertyzy sortiv roslyn hrupy plodovykh, yahidnykh, horikhoplidnykh ta vynohradu na vidminnist, odnoridnist i stabilnist (2016). [Methods of examination of plant varieties of fruit, berry, nuts and grapes for difference, homogeneity and stability] / za red. S. O. Tkachyk. 2-he vyd., vypr. i dop. Vinnytsia [In Ukrainian]
8.Kondratenko P.V., Shevchuk L.M., Levchuk L.M. (2008). Metodyky otsinky yakosti plodovo-yahidnoi produktsii [Methods for assessing the quality of fruit and berry products]. K.: SPD «Zhyteliev S.I.». [In Ukrainian]
9.DSTU ISO 874-2002 (2003). Frukty ta ovochi svizhi. Vidbir prob [DSTU ISO 874-2002 Fresh fruits and vegetables. Sampling] (ISO 874:1980, IDT). Kyiv: Derzhspozhyvstandart Ukrainy. Chynnyi vid 2003-10-01. [In Ukrainian]
10.DSTU ISO 2173:2007 (2010). Produkty z fruktiv ta ovochiv. Vyznachennia rozchynnykh sukhykh rechovyn refraktometrychnym metodom [DSTU ISO 2173: 2007 Fruit and vegetable products. Determination of soluble solids by refractometric method]. Kyiv: Derzhspozhyvstandart Ukrainy. Chynnyi vid 2009-01-01 [In Ukrainian]
11.DSTU 4954:2008 (2009). Produkty pereroblennia fruktiv ta ovochiv. Metody vyznachannia tsukriv [DSTU 4954: 2008 Products of fruit and vegetable processing. Methods for determining sugars]. Kyiv: Derzhspozhyvstandart Ukrainy. Chynnyi vid 2009-01-01. [In Ukrainian]
12.DSTU 4957:2008 (2009). Produkty pereroblennia fruktiv ta ovochiv. Metody vyznachennia tytrovanoi kyslotnosti [DSTU 4957: 2008 Products of fruit and vegetable processing. Methods for determining titrated acidity]. Kyiv: Derzhspozhyvstandart Ukrainy. Chynnyi vid 2009-07-01. [In Ukrainian]
13.DSTU 4373:2005 (2006). Frukty, ovochi ta produkty yikh pererobliannia. Metody vyznachannia vmistu polifenoliv [DSTU 4373: 2005 Fruits, vegetables and products of their processing. Methods for determining the content of polyphenols]. Kyiv: Derzhspozhyvstandart Ukrainy. Chynnyi vid 2006-04-01. [In Ukrainian]
14.DSTU 8069:2015 (2017). Produkty pereroblennia fruktiv ta ovochiv. Tytrymetrychnyi metod vyznachennia pektynovykh rechovyn [DSTU 8069: 2015 Fruit and vegetable processing products. Titrimetric method for the determination of pectin]. Kyiv: DP «UkrNDNTs». Chynnyi vid 2017-01-01 [In Ukrainian]
15.DSTU ISO 6557-2:2014 (2015). Frukty, ovochi ta produkty pererobliannia. Vyznachannia vmistu askorbinovoi kysloty. Chastyna 2. Praktychni metody [DSTU ISO 6557-2: 2014 Fruits, vegetables and processed products. Determination of ascorbic acid content. Part 2. Practical methods] (ISO 6557-2-1984, IDT). Kyiv, Derzhspozhyvstandart. Chynnyi vid 2015-06-01/ [In Ukrainian]
16.Huang J., Zhang Y., Dong L., Gao Q., Yin L., Quan H., Chen R., Fu X., Lin D. (2018). Ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, and pharmacology of Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc. J. Ethnopharmacol, 213. 280–301. [in English].
17.Erturk Y., Ercisli S., Tosun M. (2009). Physico-chemical characteristics of wild plum fruits (Prunus spinosa L.). Int. J. Plant. Prod., 3. 89–92. [in English].
18.Celik F., Gundogdu M., Alp S., Muradoglu F., Ercişli S., Gecer M.K., Canan I. (2017). Determination of phenolic compounds, antioxidant capacity and organic acids contents of Prunus domestica L., Prunus cerasifera Ehrh. and Prunus spinosa L. fruits by HPLC. Acta Chromatogr, 29. 507-510. [in English].
Topics of the Journal:
Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:
Plant production, current state and prospects for development.
Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.
Feed production, current state and prospects for development.
Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.
Protection of plants.
Soil managment and soil quality improvement.
Forestry and gardening.
Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.
Ecology and environmental protection.
Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.
Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.
Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.
Directions and efficiency of crop production
Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.
Production of renewable energy from biological resources.
Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.
Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.
Horticulture and viticulture.
Processing and storage of crop products.
Beekeeping, current status and development trends.
Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.
Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.
Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.
The young scientist opinion.
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).
Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry". (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.
The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019, 2020 (international citation database). Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018, 2019, 2020 Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018. ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?
Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401; https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml
The ICV for 2020 is visible on the full list of indexed journals at ICI Journals Master List 2020 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in Journal`s Passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=65401&lang=pl
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.