FORMATION OF HARVEST STRUCTURE OF PLANTS OF VEGETABLE VARIETIES DEPENDING ON CROP SPECIFICS, LIMITATION OF SOIL AND NUTRITIONAL SYSTEM
Mostovenko Voldemar – postgraduate student of the Soil Management, Soil Science and Agrochemistry Department, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).
The highest indicators of plant height of vegetable pea varieties were observed in the variants of the experiment, where mineral fertilizers, pre-sowing treatment of seeds with rhizotorphin and microfertilizer Vuxal Extra CoMo, foliar fertilization with microfertilizers Vuxal Microplant during vegetative growth and Wuxal Caucasus vegetable Skinado − 84.2 cm and Somerwood − 84.3 cm. However, the greater influence on the formation of plant height was provided by pre-sowing treatment of seeds with microfertilizer Vuxal Extra CoMo against the background of mineral fertilizers N30P60K60, and pre-sowing treatment of seeds with rhizotorphin and was higher in pea varieties Skinado and Somerwood by 3.2 and 3.8 cm compared to control. The largest number of seeds per plant was obtained in the variant of the experiment, which was applied foliar fertilization with microfertilizers Vuxal Microplant during vegetative growth and Vuxal Calcium, Boron during budding on the background of mineral fertilizers N30P60K60, and pre-sowing treatment of seeds with rhizotorph Skinado pea varieties − 67.41 and Somerwood − 72.48 pieces, which is 19.77 and 21.56 pieces. more than the control. The use of liming (0.5 and 1.0 norms per g. K.) Led to a moderate increase in the number of seeds per plant. The best option provided the highest number of seeds on the plant, where liming was carried out (1.0 norm per hectare) on the background of mineral fertilizers N30P60K60 and pre-sowing treatment of seeds with rhizotorphin and microfertilizer Vuxal Extra CoMo and applied foliar fertilization with microfertilizers Vuxal Micro time of growth of vegetative mass and Vuxal Calcium, Boron during budding in varieties Skinado − 67.94 and Somerwood − 73.59 pieces, which is higher than in the control by 20.3 and 22.67 pieces, respectively.
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Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).