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Сільське господарство та лісівництво

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (18)

Published: 2020.11.29
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, адаптивній селекції, особливостей вирощування овочевих культур, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами, інтродукції декоративних рослин.

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FORMATION OF HARVEST STRUCTURE OF PLANTS OF VEGETABLE VARIETIES DEPENDING ON CROP SPECIFICS, LIMITATION OF SOIL AND NUTRITIONAL SYSTEM

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3-18
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Mostovenko Voldemar – postgraduate student of the Soil Management, Soil Science and Agrochemistry Department, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).

Annotation

The highest indicators of plant height of vegetable pea varieties were observed in the variants of the experiment, where mineral fertilizers, pre-sowing treatment of seeds   with  rhizotorphin  and microfertilizer Vuxal Extra CoMo, foliar fertilization  with microfertilizers Vuxal Microplant during vegetative growth and Wuxal Caucasus  vegetable Skinado − 84.2 cm and Somerwood − 84.3 cm. However, the greater influence on the formation of plant height was provided by pre-sowing treatment of seeds with microfertilizer Vuxal Extra CoMo against the background of mineral fertilizers N30P60K60, and pre-sowing treatment of seeds with rhizotorphin and was higher in pea varieties Skinado and Somerwood by 3.2 and 3.8 cm compared to control. The largest number of seeds per plant was obtained in the variant of the experiment, which was applied foliar fertilization with microfertilizers Vuxal Microplant during vegetative growth and Vuxal Calcium, Boron during budding on the background of mineral fertilizers N30P60K60, and pre-sowing treatment of seeds with rhizotorph  Skinado pea varieties − 67.41 and Somerwood − 72.48 pieces, which is 19.77 and 21.56 pieces.  more than the control. The use of liming (0.5 and 1.0 norms per g. K.) Led to a moderate increase in the number of seeds per plant.  The best option provided the highest number of seeds on the plant, where liming was carried out (1.0 norm per hectare) on the background of mineral fertilizers N30P60K60 and pre-sowing treatment of seeds with rhizotorphin and microfertilizer Vuxal Extra CoMo and applied foliar fertilization with microfertilizers Vuxal Micro  time of growth of vegetative mass and Vuxal Calcium, Boron during budding in varieties Skinado − 67.94 and Somerwood − 73.59 pieces, which is higher than in the control by 20.3 and 22.67 pieces, respectively.

 

Keywords: peas, liming, fertilizers, foliar fertilization.

List of references

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).