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space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4 (19)

Published: 2020.12.31
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-4


Description:
The issue of the journal deals with the study of optimization of technological methods of growing crops using of drugs of biological origin. A special role is given to the influence of perennial grasses on the improvement of soil fertility, ecological-adaptive selection, peculiarities of vegetable growing, ecology and environmental protection, introduction of ornamental plants.

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FEATURES OF APPLICATION OF BIOPREPARATIONS FOR CULTIVATION OF OYSTER MUSHROOMS ON STRAW SUBSTRATE

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-4-16
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Vdovenko Sergiy Anatolyevich – Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor of the Department of Landscape Management, Forestry Horticulture and Viticulture of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsya, Soniachna St., 3 e-mail: vd_sa@vsau.vin.ua).

 Polutin Olexiy Oleksandrovich – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Landscape Management, Forestry Horticulture and Viticulture of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsya, Soniachna St., 3 e-mail: Jamberberis@gmail.com).

Annotation

The world’s population consumes a significant amount of mushrooms each year. Beginners in mushroom growing are considered to be the Chinese, who at the beginning of our era learned to grow different species of basidiomycetes. Today, Ukraine has a significant potential for the development of mushroom growing: there are the necessary raw materials for substrates and still unoccupied premises. Research institutions preserve a unique collection of high-yielding strains, and specialized laboratories produce high-quality seed mycelium. The article is devoted to the study of the influence of biologicals on the productivity of oyster mushrooms of the common strain K-12 during intensive cultivation on a straw substrate. Based on research, it is established that the use of biologicals as an adjunct to the substrate affects the growth processes of the fungus. Biometric indicators of fruit body weight with the use of azotophyte or phytocyde exceeded the indicators of fruit body weight grown on the substrate, where the biological product was not used by 2,0 g, and the diameter of the cap was inferior to 2,0 and 6,0 mm, respectively. Fungi obtained on the substrate without the use of the biological product were characterized by a shorter leg length compared to the variant using azotophyte by 3,0 mm, and exceeded the test value by 4 mm using phytocyde. From the use of azotophyte or phytocide, the diameter of the stem of the fruiting body decreases to 12,0-15,0 mm.

Carrying out of timely agrotechnical actions promotes reception of a qualitative harvest of fruit bodies of an oyster mushroom. Before harvesting, the fruiting bodies were characterized by a typical shape and inherent color of the cap and were in technical maturity. The cap of the fruit body did not crack, was not damaged by pests, and its humidity was 65,0-68,0 %. The activity of the bacteria Azotobacter chroococcum and Bacillus subtilis has an effect on the productivity of strain K-12, they stimulate the formation of more primordia. With the use of Azotophyte or Phytocide, the yield increases by 22,0 and 18,0 %. The total yield of oyster mushroom consists of two waves of fruiting. The yield of the first wave of fruiting is 2,3 times higher than the yield of the second wave of fruiting. The use of Azotophyte helps to increase the yield of the first wave of fruiting fungus by 2,2 kg / 100 kg of substrate, and phytocide – by 1,8 kg / 100 kg of substrate.

The use of Azotophyte or Phytocyde as an additive to the substrate is economically advantageous: the net profit increases by 32 and 24 %, and the level of profitability - by 1,2-1,1 times, respectively.

Keywords: oyster mushroom, biological product, weight, fruiting body, yield.

List of references

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the Index Copernicus evaluation process positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?  Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.