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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1 (24)

Published: 2022.05.03
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2022-1


Description:
The issue of the magazine is devoted to the improvement of technological methods of growing crops. A special role is given to the influence of legumes on increasing soil fertility, ecology and environmental protection, methods of pest control and the introduction of ornamental plants and breeding

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EVALUATION OF THE INFLUENCE OF HERBICIDES AND FERTILIZER ON POLLUTION AND YIELD OF SOYBEAN

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2022-1-8
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Okrushko Svetlana Evgenivna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences (PhD), Senior Lecturer of the Department of Botany, Genetics and Plant Protection of Vinnitsia National Agrarian University (210083, Vinnitsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: osy@vsau.vin.ua).

Annotation

The article summarizes the results of a three-year study on the feasibility and effectiveness of the use of herbicides of soil and insurance action and microfertilizer Quantum - Molybdenum Chelate on the infestation and yield of soybeans. It was established that in the agrophytocenosis of soybean, a mixed type of infestation was formed, in which dicotyledonous young weeds predominated. Weed control efficiency was 75.5% 60 days after application of Frontier Optima. Spraying crops with the insurance herbicide Korum (1.5 l / ha + surfactant Metholate 1.0 l / ha) reduced the number of weeds in soybean crops by 89.5%. Consistent application of the soil herbicide Frontier Optima (1.0 l/ha) and the insurance herbicide Corum (1.5 l/ha + surfactant Metolate 1.0 l/ha) made it possible to destroy up to 98.9% of weeds compared to the control variant, where there was a natural background of clogging. The combination of the use of the above herbicides with the concentrated molybdenum microfertilizer Quantum-Chelate Molybdenum provided the best conditions for the growth and development of soybean plants. The amount of undesirable vegetation did not change in the areas where the microfertilizer was applied. But the air-dry mass of weeds was lower by 17.1-32.4%. The average soybean yield for three years of research on the variants where herbicides were applied compared to the control was significantly higher. When crops were sprayed with Frontier Optima herbicide (1.0 l/ha), it was 2.26 t/ha, and with Korum herbicide (1.5 l/ha + surfactant Metolate 1.0 l/ha) - 2.75 t/ha . With the sequential application of Frontier Optima (1.0 l/ha) and Corum (1.5 l/ha + surfactant Metolate 1.0 l/ha), the soybean yield was the highest and amounted to 2.94 t/ha.The highest content of proteins and oil was in the variant of sequential application of herbicides Frontier Optima (1.0 l/ha) and Corum (1.5 l/ha + surfactant Metolate 1.0 l/ha) - respectively 33.3% and 22.5 %. As a result of the treatment of crops on a herbicidal background with microfertilizer Quantum - Molybdenum Chelate, an increase in the weight of 1000 seeds by 2 g and the content of proteins and oil by 0.6% was noted.

 

Keywords: weeds, soybean, herbicides, microfertilizer, productivity, weight of 1000 seeds.

List of references

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16.URL: https://www.ucab.ua/ua/pres_sluzhba/novosti/infografika_urozhaynist_ kukurudzi_soi_ta_sonyashniku_v_ukraini_za_2021_rik [in Ukrainian].

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019, 2020 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018, 2019, 2020 Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

The ICV for 2020 is visible on the full list of indexed journals at ICI Journals Master List 2020 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in Journal`s Passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=65401&lang=pl

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.