ESTIMATION OF YIELD OF TABLE BEET FOR USE OF BIOLOGICAL PREPARATIONS IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE FOREST-STEPPE OF THE RIGHT BANK OF UKRAINE
Prokopchuk Valentyna – Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor, Acting Head of the Department of Forestry, Horticulture, Horticulture and Viticulture of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).
Palamarchuk Inna Ivanivna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of forestry, landscape gardeniing, horticulture and viticulture, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str.3, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
The results of researches of influence of biological preparations on biometric parameters of plants and productivity of table beet are resulted. The influence of biological preparations on the phases of growth and development of table beet plants, its yield and biometric parameters of products is established. Treatment of plants with the biological complex Organic Balance + Azotophyte + Liposomes accelerated the phenological phases of growth and development of table beet plants. As a result of measuring the height of plants, an increase in control over the treatment of plants with biological products was detected, in particular in the variety Red Ball Organic Balance + Azotophyte + Liposam provided an increase of 1.0 cm relative to control. The increase in plant height in the Pablo F1 hybrid was 2.2 cm with the use of Organic Balance + Azotophyte + Liposam. The largest number of leaves was observed for the treatment of plants Organic Balance + Nitrogen + Liposomes: in the variety Red Ball growth relative to the variant without treatment was 2.3 pcs / plant, in the hybrid Pablo F1 - 2.8 pcs / plant. Treatment of plants Organic Balance + Azotophyte + Liposam contributed to an increase in leaf area by 0.09 dm2 / plant in the variety Red Ball, 0.22 dm2 / plant in the hybrid Pablo F1. The use of Humifrend + Azotofit + Liposam also contributed to the increase of this indicator with an increase relative to the controls of 0.06 and 0.15 dm2 / plant, respectively. The influence of biological preparations on the biometric parameters of plants was established in the phase of intensive root growth. The largest biometric parameters in the phase of intensive root growth were recorded during the treatment of plants Organic Balance + Azotophyte + Liposam. In particular, the height of plants treated with Organic Balance + Azotophyte + Liposam increased by 2.2 and 3.1 cm compared to the untreated options. A slightly smaller increase in this indicator was recorded for treatments of plants Humifrend + Azotofit + Liposam - 0.8 and 1.0 cm, respectively.
The number of leaves also increased during the treatment of plants with biological products. In the Pablo F1 hybrid, this figure was higher than the Red Ball variety - 16.0 - 18.7 units / plant. The use of Organic Balance + Azotophyte + Liposam provided an increase in the number of leaves by 2.8 pcs / plant relative to control, for the treatment of plants Humifrend + Azotophyte + Liposam increase was 1.8 pcs / plant. The positive effect of the use of biologicals was observed taking into account the area of leaves. With the use of Organic Balance + Azotophyte + Liposam, this figure in the studied varieties and hybrids increased by 0.8-1.3 thousand m2 / ha, respectively, compared with the control. Slightly less growth of this indicator was observed for the treatment of plants Humifrend + Azotofit + Liposam 0.3-0.7 thousand m2 / ha, respectively. The highest indicators of biometric parameters of plants were observed in the hybrid Pablo F1 for plant treatment Organic Balance + Azotophyte + Liposam, where the increase in plant height was 0.7-1.2 cm, the number of leaves - 1.8-2.1 pcs / plant, leaf area - 0.8-1.1 thousand m2 / ha, respectively. The highest yields were recorded with the application of Organic Balance + Nitrogen + Liposomes: in the Red Ball variety the increase was 7.1 t / ha, in the Pablo F1 hybrid - 10.3 t / ha relative to control. A positive effect was also obtained with the application of Humifrend + Azotofit + Liposam, where the increase was 4.9 and 8.4 t / ha, respectively. Treatment of plants with a complex of biological preparations Organic Balance + Azotophyte + Liposam provided an increase in root mass in the variety Red Ball - 45 g, in the hybrid Pablo F1 - 30 g, respectively. During the treatment of plants Humifrend + Azotofit + Liposam the increase was 30 g - variety Red Ball and 25 g - hybrid Pablo F1. Indicators, the diameter of the root crop was in the range of 8.4 and 9.0 cm. 5 cm. The increase in root diameter with the use of Humifrend + Azotofit + Liposam was slightly smaller and amounted to 0.1-0.3 cm. plants Humifrend + Azotofit + Liposam contributed to an increase in this indicator relative to control by 0.3-0.2 cm
1.Balyan A.V. (2013). Vnesok agrarnoї nauki v rozvitok organіchnogo virobnictva [The contribution of agricultural science to the development of organic production]. Vіsnik agrarnoї nauki – Bulletin of Agricultural Science. №11. 9–12. [in Ukrainian].
2.Bomba M.YA. (2004). Naukovі ta prikladnі aspekti bіologіchnogo zemlerobstva [Scientific and applied aspects of organic farming]. L'vіv: Ukraїns'kі tekhnologії. [in Ukrainian].
3.Vdovenko S.A. (2019). Viroshchuvannya buryaka stolovogo za rіznih tekhnologіj v umovah Pravoberezhnogo Lіsostepu Ukraїni [Growing of table beets by different technologies in the conditions of the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine]. Viroshchuvannya ovochіv і bashtannih kul'tur – Growing vegetables and melons. 65. 23-31. [in Ukrainian].
4.Vdovenko S.A. (2019). Kompleksna sistema viroshchuvannya ovochіv u vіdkritomu ґruntі [Comprehensive system of growing vegetables in the open ground]. Plantator – Planter. № 2 (44). 54-55. [in Ukrainian].
5.Vdovenko S.A., Palamarchuk І.І. (2021). Іnnovacії v tekhnologії viroshchuvannya ovochevih roslin rodini Garbuzovі u vіdkritomu hruntі [Innovations in the technology of growing vegetable plants of the Pumpkin family in the open ground]: Monografіya. Vіnnicya: VNAU. [in Ukrainian].
6.Vdovenko S.A., Palamarchuk І.І. (2020). Osoblivostі tekhnologії viroshchuvannya kabachka v umovah vіdkritogo ґruntu [Features of the technology of growing zucchini in open ground]: Monografіya. Vіnnicya: VNAU. [in Ukrainian].
7.DST Ukraїni 7033:2009 (2010). Buryak stolovij svіzhij. Tekhnіchnі umovi : Vveden [Fresh table beets. Specifications]. 01.01.10. K: vid.ofіcіjne. [in Ukrainian].
8.DSTU 6014:2008. (2010) Morkva stolova і buryak stolovij. Tekhnologіya viroshchuvannya [Table carrots and table beets. Growing technology]. K.: Derzhspozhivstandart Ukraїni. [in Ukrainian].
9.Metodika doslіdnoї spravi v ovochіvnictvі і bashtannictvі (2001). [Methods of research in vegetable growing and melon growing]. Za redakcієyu G.L. Bondarenka, K. І. YAkovenka. Harkіv.: Osnova. [in Ukrainian].
10.Palamarchuk І.І. (2013). Efektivnіst' zastosuvannya vodoutrimuyuchih granul Akvod pri viroshchuvannі kabachka za mul'chuvannya ґruntu v Pravoberezhnomu Lіsostepu Ukraїni [The effectiveness of the use of water-retaining granules Akvod in the cultivation of zucchini for mulching the soil in the Right Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine]. Zbіrnik naukovih prac' «Naukovі dopovіdі NUBІP Ukraїni» – Collection of scientific works "Scientific reports of NULES of Ukraine". Issue. 41. [in Ukrainian].
11.Palamarchuk І.І. (2018). Vpliv sortovih osoblivostej na vrozhajnіst' ta bіometrichnі pokazniki produkcії buryaka stolovogo v Pravoberezhnomu Lіsostepu Ukraїni [Influence of varietal characteristics on yield and biometric indicators of table beet production in the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine]. Sіl's'ke gospodarstvo ta lіsіvnictvo – Agriculture and forestry. №9. 144-153. [in Ukrainian].
12.Palamarchuk І.І. (2020) Vpliv strokіv sіvbi na formuvannya vrozhayu buryaku stolovogo v pravoberezhnomu Lіsostepu Ukraїni [Influence of sowing dates on the formation of table beet harvest in the right-bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine]. Vіsnik umans'kogo nacіonal'nogo unіversitetu sadіvnictva – Bulletin of Uman National University of Horticulture. №1. 54-58. [in Ukrainian].
13.Palamarchuk І.І. (2019). Dinamіka formuvannya ploshchі listkіv roslin buryaka stolovogo zalezhno vіd sortovih osoblivostej ta stroku sіvbi v umovah pravoberezhnogo Lіsostepu Ukraїni [Dynamics of formation of the area of leaves of plants of table beet depending on varietal features and term of sowing in the conditions of the right-bank Forest-steppe of Ukraine]. Sіl's'ke gospodarstvo ta lіsіvnictvo – Agriculture and forestry. №4 (15). 173-182. [in Ukrainian].
14.Suchasnі tekhnologії v ovochіvnictvі (2001). [Modern technologies in vegetable growing] [YAkovenko K.L., Gorova T.K., YAshchuk A.L. taіn.]; za red. K.І. YAkovenka Harkіv: ІOB UAAN. [in Ukrainian].
15.Vdovenko S.A., Palamarchuk I.I., Pantsyreva H.V., Alexeyev O.O., Vdovenko L.O. (2018). Energy efficient growing of red beet in the conditions of central Forest steppe of Ukraine. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(4), 34-40. [in Ukrainian].
Topics of the Journal:
Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:
Plant production, current state and prospects for development.
Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.
Feed production, current state and prospects for development.
Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.
Protection of plants.
Soil managment and soil quality improvement.
Forestry and gardening.
Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.
Ecology and environmental protection.
Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.
Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.
Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.
Directions and efficiency of crop production
Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.
Production of renewable energy from biological resources.
Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.
Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.
Horticulture and viticulture.
Processing and storage of crop products.
Beekeeping, current status and development trends.
Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.
Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.
Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.
The young scientist opinion.
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).
Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry". (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.
The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019, 2020 (international citation database). Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018, 2019, 2020 Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018. ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?
Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401; https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml
The ICV for 2020 is visible on the full list of indexed journals at ICI Journals Master List 2020 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in Journal`s Passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=65401&lang=pl
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.