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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4 (19)

Published: 2020.12.31
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-4


Description:
The issue of the journal deals with the study of optimization of technological methods of growing crops using of drugs of biological origin. A special role is given to the influence of perennial grasses on the improvement of soil fertility, ecological-adaptive selection, peculiarities of vegetable growing, ecology and environmental protection, introduction of ornamental plants.

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ENERGY AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF MUSCLE GROWTH GROWING IN THE SOUTHERN STEPPE OF UKRAINE UNDER DROP IRRIGATION

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-4-3
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Ushkarenko Viktor Alexandrovich − Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Academician of NAAS, Head of the Department of Agriculture of Kherson State Agrarian University (73006, Kherson, 23 Stretenskaya Street, e-mail: kaf_zeml@ksau.kherson.ua).

Kokovikhin Sergey Vasilyevich - Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor, Deputy Director for Research at the Institute of Irrigated Agriculture of NAAS (73483, Kherson, Naddnepryanskoye, e-mail: izz.ua@ukr.net).

Chaban Viktor Alexandrovich - Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor   of  the  Department  of Life Safety and Vocational Training of the Kherson State Maritime Academy (73000, Kherson, Ushakova Avenue, 20, e-mail: fito2011@i.ua).

Shepel Andrey Vasilyevich - Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Agriculture of Kherson State Agrarian University (73006, Kherson, 23 Stretenskaya Street, e-mail: andrey.inessa_shepel@ukr.net).

 

Annotation

In the article technological methods energy and economic evaluation of growing sage in southern steppe of Ukraine conditions have been analysed. The economists’ views on the raw medicinal herbs under drip irrigation formation of efficient production have been  considered. The analysis of previous agronomic studies on the cultivation of crops under drip irrigation has allowed us to conclude that there are no such results on the plantations of Salvia sclarea. The yield level of Salvia sclarea inflorescences was stable during the first three years of using, on the average in the first year it was 9.51 t/ha, in the second year it was 9.38 t/ha, in the third year it was 9.69 t/ha. Only in the fourth year of crops using (the fifth year of life) the yield was decreasing sharply. On the basis of yield data, the calculation and analysis of such indicators as energy efficiency, energy intensity of growing 1 kg of inflorescences and the conditional net profit when growing sage in drip irrigation in southern Ukraine. The maximum values of energy efficiency ratio were obtained in the first year of using and sowing in the first decade of December against the background of N60P90 - 3,25 application. When the crops sowing was postponed to the first decade of April, this indicator decreased twice to 1.59. In our experiment the minimum values of energy ratio of Salvia sclarea growing technology were obtained in the fourth year of plantation using. The classical indicators which reflect the economic and energy efficiency level   of inflorescences of nutmeg production at long-term use of a culture plantation culture have been analysed. The analysis of the factors which influence for efficiency change of cultivation of culture was carried out. The mechanism of efficiency increase of cultivation of sage nutmeg in the conditions of the southern Steppe of Ukraine has been offered.

Keywords: nutmeg, doses of mineral fertilizers, plowing depth, sowing dates, row spacing, years of use, economic and energy efficiency.

List of references

1.Ushkarenko V. O., Fedorchuk M. I., Kokovikhin S. V. (2008). Proghramuvannja vrozhaju nadzemnoji masy shavliji likarsjkoji v umovakh pivdennogho Stepu Ukrajiny [Programming of the above-ground mass of sage in the conditions of the southern steppe of Ukraine]. Tavrijsjkyj naukovyj visnyk − Taurian Scientific Bulletin, Issue 60. 11–17 [in Ukrainian]. 

2.Dlja pivdnja Ukrajiny perspektyvnym je vyroshhuvannja likarsjkykh ta efiroolijnykh roslyn [For the south of Ukraine, the cultivation of medicinal and essential oil plants is promising]. URL. http://agro-yug.com.ua/archives/7645 [in Ukrainian].

3.Ushkarenko V.O., Fedorchuk M.I., Kokovikhin S. V.,  Sira L.M., Fedorchuk V.Gh.  (2010). Osoblyvosti dynamiky ontoghenezu shavliji likarsjkoji v umovakh zroshennja pivdnja Ukrajiny[Features of dynamics of ontogenesis of sage in the conditions of irrigation of the south of Ukraine]. Tavrijsjkyj naukovyj visnyk − Taurian Scientific Bulletin. Issue. 71. part. 2. 3–12. [in Ukrainian].  

4.Kirijak Ju. P., Kovalenko A. M., Biljajeva I. M., Fedorchuk M. I., Kokovikhin S. V. (2017). Doslidzhennja zmin temperaturnogho rezhymu za baghatorichnyj period u pivdenno-stepovij zoni Ukrajiny ta vyvchennja jogho vplyvu na produktyvnistj pshenyci ozymoji [Study of changes in temperature over a long period in the southern steppe zone of Ukraine and study of its impact on the productivity of winter wheat ]. Tavrijsjkyj naukovyj visnyk  − Taurian Scientific Bulletin. Issue. 97. 53–59 [in Ukrainian].

5.Shatkovsjkyj A.P. (2016). Naukovi osnovy intensyvnykh tekhnologhij kraplynnogho zroshennja prosapnykh kuljtur v umovakh Stepu Ukrajiny [Scientific bases of intensive technologies of drip irrigation of row crops in the conditions of the Steppe of Ukraine ]. Extended abstract of Doctor’s thesis. Kherson. [in Ukrainian].

6.Metodyka doslidnoji spravy v ovochivnyctvi i bashtannyctvi (2001). [Methods of research in vegetable growing and melon growing].  za red. Gh.L. Bondarenka, K.I. Jakovenka. Kharkiv: Osnova [in Ukrainian].

7.Jeshhenko V.O.,  Kopytko P.Gh., Opryshko V.P., Kostoghryz P.V. (2005). Osnovy naukovykh doslidzhenj v aghronomiji. [Fundamentals of scientific research in agronomy  pidruchnyk]  K.: Dija [in Ukrainian].

8.Lu, Y.,  Foo L.Y. Salvianolic acid L, a potent phenolic antioxidant from Salvia officinalis. Tetrahedron Letters. 2001. Vol.42, №46.P. 8223-8225.[in English].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.