ENERGY AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF MUSCLE GROWTH GROWING IN THE SOUTHERN STEPPE OF UKRAINE UNDER DROP IRRIGATION
Ushkarenko Viktor Alexandrovich − Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Academician of NAAS, Head of the Department of Agriculture of Kherson State Agrarian University (73006, Kherson, 23 Stretenskaya Street, e-mail: email@example.com).
Kokovikhin Sergey Vasilyevich - Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor, Deputy Director for Research at the Institute of Irrigated Agriculture of NAAS (73483, Kherson, Naddnepryanskoye, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Chaban Viktor Alexandrovich - Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Life Safety and Vocational Training of the Kherson State Maritime Academy (73000, Kherson, Ushakova Avenue, 20, e-mail: email@example.com).
Shepel Andrey Vasilyevich - Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Agriculture of Kherson State Agrarian University (73006, Kherson, 23 Stretenskaya Street, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
In the article technological methods energy and economic evaluation of growing sage in southern steppe of Ukraine conditions have been analysed. The economists’ views on the raw medicinal herbs under drip irrigation formation of efficient production have been considered. The analysis of previous agronomic studies on the cultivation of crops under drip irrigation has allowed us to conclude that there are no such results on the plantations of Salvia sclarea. The yield level of Salvia sclarea inflorescences was stable during the first three years of using, on the average in the first year it was 9.51 t/ha, in the second year it was 9.38 t/ha, in the third year it was 9.69 t/ha. Only in the fourth year of crops using (the fifth year of life) the yield was decreasing sharply. On the basis of yield data, the calculation and analysis of such indicators as energy efficiency, energy intensity of growing 1 kg of inflorescences and the conditional net profit when growing sage in drip irrigation in southern Ukraine. The maximum values of energy efficiency ratio were obtained in the first year of using and sowing in the first decade of December against the background of N60P90 - 3,25 application. When the crops sowing was postponed to the first decade of April, this indicator decreased twice to 1.59. In our experiment the minimum values of energy ratio of Salvia sclarea growing technology were obtained in the fourth year of plantation using. The classical indicators which reflect the economic and energy efficiency level of inflorescences of nutmeg production at long-term use of a culture plantation culture have been analysed. The analysis of the factors which influence for efficiency change of cultivation of culture was carried out. The mechanism of efficiency increase of cultivation of sage nutmeg in the conditions of the southern Steppe of Ukraine has been offered.
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Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).
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According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.